Absheron Rayon

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Abşeron
Rayon
Map o Azerbaijan showin Absheron Rayon
Kintra Azerbaijan
Caipital Xırdalan
Area
 • Total 1,360 km2 (530 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 101,300
Telephone code 012

Absheron Rayon (Azerbaijani: Abşeron, Roushie: Апшерон‎), spelt as Apsheron anaw, is a rayon o Azerbaijan demarkated in 1963. Although it shares the same name as the Absheron Peninsulae, the aurie covered bi the rayon is no conterminous, being further wast an maistly inland.

History o the rayon[eedit | eedit soorce]

Absheron wis foondit in 1963 bi the Soviet govrenment tae assur enough labour force, heichlie educatit professional staff an necessary provisions is given tae enterprises an firms, kolkhozs an collective ferms, poultry an agrarian industries, construction centres, scientific-research institutes an laboratories present on the territories o Baku an Sumgait. There are lots o historical monuments on the territory o Absheron. For example, in the veelage Aşağı Güzdək there are agricultural tuils frae the 19t century. In Goradile veelage, there is Abdurrahman mosque pertainin tae 19t century which wis built bi the veelager Haji Gurban, mosques frae 18t century in Məmmədli built bi Garadaglilar family, mosque-madrasa built in 19t century bi Haji Safarali in Novxani, Albattin mosque in Fatmai which goes back tae 18t century. Aside frae releegious monuments, there are mony monuments pertainin tae social life o fowk in last centuries. For example, hamams built in Middle Ages bi Haji Kazim in Qobu veelage an anither ane built bi Meshadi Imam Baxish in Xirdalan. Auncient wells which providit watter supply tae fowk livin in this territory are still uised in Aşağı Güzdək an Xirdalan. Tombs frae 8t - 18t centuries are an aw preservit: in Fatmai, Digah, Masazir, Hökməli an Saray.[1]

Geography an economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Absheron is situatit pairtially on Absheron Peninsulae an pairtially inland. The basic pairt o its economy is agricultural production which develops in twa directions: plant growin an cattlebreedin. Mair attention in plant growin is given tae gardenin an olive growin. In the sheep breedin, raisin local stock o "Gala" wi semi-hard or hard skin prevails.[1]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Azeris 96.2% (86,592)
  • Ither 3.8% (3,608)

Oreegin o the name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Absheron comes frae the wirds 'ap shuran', meanin 'place o salty watter', frae the auncient Iranian Azeri leid.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named book

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