Accordin tae the Azerbaijani historians, the name o the toun goes back tae the ethnonym o the Sakas, who reached the territory o modren day Azerbaijan in the 7t century B.C. an populatit it for several centuries. In the medieval sources, the name o the toun is foond in various forms such as Sheke, Sheki, Shaka, Shakki, Shakne, Shaken, Shakkan, Shekin.
Shaki is surroondit bi snawy peaks o the Greater Caucasus, in some places reachin 3000–3600 m. Shaki's climate includes a range o cyclones an anticyclones, air masses an local winds. The average annual temperatur in Sheki is 12 °C. In Juin an August, average temperatur varies atween 20 an 25 °C.
The muntain forests aroond the aurie prevent the ceety frae floods an owerheatin o the aurie durin summer. The main rivers o the ceety are the Kish an Gurjhana. Durin the Soviet rule o Azerbaijan, mony ascendit tae Shaki tae bathe in its prestigious mineral springs.