- Qabala is an' a' an alternative spellin for Kabbalah
Table o contents
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Qabala bears the name o the auncient Qabala, a ceety which wis the caipital o the auncient state o Caucasian Albanie. The ruins o the auld ceety are locatit 20 kilometers tae soothwast o the present center o the destrict. The remnants o the lairge biggins, ceety gates, touer waws an patters o material cultur pruive that Gabala wis ane o the maist prominent ceeties at that time.
Auncient Gabala wes creatit as a ceety in the late 4t-early 3rd century B.C. an survived up tae the mid 18t century A.C. A great mony o chynges occurred in the life o the ceety through the period o existence. Due tae different historical events the ceety wis damaged mair than ance.
Though the Roman troops attacked Albanie in the 60s B.C they wur no able tae occupy Qabala. During the Sassani period, Qabala wis a lairge trade an handicraft center. The situation remained the same in the times o the Arabian caliphate. Though Qabala experienced decline durin the Mongolian invasion in the 13t century, it wis restored later. Qabala lost its positions in the mid 18t century an the population gradually left the place.
The sma feudal state Qutqashen Sultanate wis established on the territory o Qabala in the mid 18t century. It wis later includit intae the Shaki Khanate an wis ruled bi the Shaki naibs appointit bi the khans o Shaki.
Follaein the dounfaw o the Shaki Khanate, Qutqashen sultanate was included into the Shaki province. The Qutqashen destrict wis creatit in 1930. The destrict wis renamed back tae Qabala in Mairch 1991, efter faw o the Soviet Union.
Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]
The geographical position o region influences tae the density o river net, richness o land-plant cover o region, upland relief an formation o complex climate condition in the vertical material fit. The damp- subtropical sea climate haes been refereed in the territory o the region 25 million years ago. Tumultuous rains, hot weather conditions caused tae development o the thick ivergreen forest cover. There existit climate condition for multifoliolate ivergreen an pourin leaves in an arid period o a year-in simmer like climate condition o Mediterranean shores million o years ago. The last continental boulder-period happened in oor planet 10-12 thoosan years ago the heich an average upland territory covered wi muntain glacier, then in accordance wi climate warmin the glaciers hae meltit an diminished an haes approached tae the modren bundaries. Geographical position o Gabala accordin tae the equator, total sum o sun radiation (general an direct), difference o relief an surface cover, characters o weather mass enterin tae the territory plays a great role formation o modren climate o Gabala. Aw shown climate formin factors influence the amunt o temperatur an rainfaw, its distribution in a different degree in the territory o a region. The weather an climate conditions o Gabala investigate in meto station o the ceety an actin in the Nic settlement for a while in 1936.
The mony-month average Januar temperatur in the territory o Gabala chynges frae 00 tae 14 0 an Julie temperatur chynges accordin frae + 24 0 tae 2 0. Average annual temperature totals in the sooth + 10 0 - + 12 0 an in the north 00 - - 2 0.
Due tae opinion o academician, B.A. Budaghov, the hottest territory o the region observes in the direction o Gushlar-Kurd-Bayramkohka veelages an the maximum temperatur totals 410-420 herein. The minimum temperatur o the region is Bazarduzu peak (4466m) an faw o temperatur observes here nearly 50 0. The distribution o the rainfaw chynges in the direction frae north tae sooth. The least faw o annual rainfaw in the sooth o Hajalli an Malikli plains is 350-400 mm an the maist rainfaw in the north pairt is 1500-200 meter. Durin the researches it wis determined that the yearly rainfaw in the region in Mey-Juin is 25-30%.
Ethnic composition[eedit | eedit soorce]
The rayon haes a population o 93,770 fowk, 13,175 o which live in the regional toun center Qabala an 80,595 reside in the veelages. The density is estimatit at 60.49 fowk per square kilometer. An average livin age is 70 years. 73,235 residents o Qabala rayon are ethnic Azerbaijanis, 4,640 are Udi, 209 are Turks an 37 are o ither naitionalities.
Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
There are 16 cultur hooses, 31 clubs, a History cultur preserve, 69 libraries, an airt schuil, a Pictur Gallery, a cultur an a recreation Pairk, H. Aliyev Museum, Historical Ethnography Museum, Martyrs Museum an memorial hoose-museum o I.B. Gutgashinli which are branches o Historical Ethnography Museum accordin tae Gabala region Cultur an Tourism Sector.
Popular theatre named efter C. Mammadguluzada, “Chinar” instrumental ensemble acts in Region cultur hoose, “Zop-Zopu” folclor dance ensemble acts in Bum settlement cultur hoose, an “Changi” Udin folklore dance ensemble acts in Nij settlement cultur hoose.
There are 93 historical-cultural immuivable monuments unner Gabala region taken tae the state protection accordin tae the order #132 datit on 02.08.2001 bi Cabinet o Meenisters o the Republic o Azerbaijan. Ane o them is includit tae the leet o Gabala ceety warld important airchaeological monuments accordin tae its importance degree. 8 airchitectures, 53 aircheological monuments, includes tae the leet o kintra important monuments, 9 airchitectur monuments, 16 aircheological monuments, 2 monumental an memory monuments, 4 decorative applee'd airt monuments is includit in the leet o historical cultural monuments haein local importance. There are 122 cultural institutions in the structur o Gabala region Cultur an Tourism Sector; amang them are Historical Ethnography Museum, H. Aliyev Museum, Picture Gallery, Airt schuil, Centralized Library seestem, Historical-Cultural Preserve, 16 cultural Hooses, 31 clubs an 27 libraries. Totally 411 fowk wirk in that sphere, 84 o them are heichlie educatit, 175 o them are average professional fowk an 209 o them are fowk wi general seicontary education.
Interestin events are regularly carriet oot in Region cultur hoose wi 450 seats. There are interestin plays in the repertoire o Popular Theatre named efter C. Mammadguluzada actin unner the branch o Hoose o Cultur.
Sport & Leisur[eedit | eedit soorce]
Qabala haes a profesional fitbaa team Gabala FC who currently play in the top diveesion o Azerbaijan.
Notable fowk[eedit | eedit soorce]
The toun's maist famous resident is umwhile Inglis fitbawer Tony Adams, who manages the local team.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]