Haapsalu

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Haapsalu
Toun an municipality
Haapsalu resort haw

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Coat of arms
Haapsalu is located in Estonia
Haapsalu
Haapsalu
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 58°56′22″N 23°32′27″E / 58.93944°N 23.54083°E / 58.93944; 23.54083
Kintra Banner o Estonie Estonie
Coonty Läänemaa lipp.svg Lääne Coonty
Toun rights 1279
Government
 • Mayor Urmas Sukles[1] (Reform Pairty)
Area[2]
 • Total 10.59 km2 (4.09 sq mi)
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Total 11 587
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 90503 to 90507
Area code(s) (+372) 047
Vehicle registration S
Website www.haapsalu.ee

Haapsalu (German an Swadish: Hapsal‎; Finnish: Haapasalo‎) is a seaside resort toun locatit on the wast coast o Estonie. As the admeenistrative centre o Lääne Coonty it haes a population of11,587 (as o 1 Januar 2012).[2]

Haapsalu haes been well kent for centuries for its wairm seawatter, curative mud an peaceful atmosphere. Salt mud spas frequentit bi the Roushie Romanov faimily still operate. Narrae streets wi early 20t century firthen houses repeatedly lead to the sea. Haapsalu has been cried the "Venice o the Baltics",[3] awtho this positionin haes been creeticisit as exaggeratin.[4] The name "Haapsalu" is frae Estonie haab 'aspen' an salu 'grove.'[5]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haapsalu castle

The toun dates back tae 1279, when it wis chairtered an became the centre o the Bishopric o Ösel-Wiek, which it remained for the next 300 years. Biggins frae those early days remain the day, includin a episcopal castle which haes the lairgest single-nave cathedral in the Easter states, Haapsalu Castle.

Haapsalu an the surroondin aurie wis the centre for the Swadish population in Estonie frae the 13t century till the evacuation o amaist aw ethnic Swades frae Estonie in 1944.

Healin spas[eedit | eedit soorce]

For mony years, locals hae claimit that the sea mud haes a curative effect. A militar doctor, Carl Abraham Hunnius, foondit the first mud cure resort in 1825. News o the curative mud quickly reached the aristocracy o Saunt Petersburg, the caipital o the Roushie Empire. Iver syne then, Haapsalu haes been a popular simmer destination whaur fowk frae aw aroond the warld come for medical treatment. The day, thare are three mud cure establishments in Haapsalu varyin in size an location.

Haapsalu shawl[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the 19t century, Haapsalu became famous for its shawls, a delicate craft made bi local weemen.

Ither attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Land o Ilon Wikland (Wiklandia), a recreation centre for childer, is set tae open in a few years athin the toun. This warld famous beuk illustrator haes been involvit wi Haapsalu syne her bairnheid.

The August Blues Festival is held ivery August in Haapsalu.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin towns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Haapsalu is twinned wi:[6]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Linnavalitsuse liikmed". Haapsalu linn. Retrieved 15 October 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Population figure and composition". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 15 October 2010. 
  3. Dallen J. Timothy (18 May 2009). Cultural heritage and tourism in the developing world: a regional perspective. Taylor & Francis. pp. 239–. ISBN 978-0-415-77621-9. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  4. Derek R. Hall; Melanie K. Smith; Barbara Marciszewska (30 November 2006). Tourism in the new Europe: the challenges and opportunities of EU enlargement. CABI. pp. 264–. ISBN 978-1-84593-117-9. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  5. E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow, 1998), p. 444.
  6. "Sõpruslinnad" (in Estonian). Haapsalu. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Haapsalu frae Wikivoyage

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