Pechory

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Pechory (Scots)
Печоры (Roushie)
Petseri (Estonie)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Pskov Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location o Pskov Oblast in Roushie
Pechory is located in Pskov Oblast
Pechory
Pechory
Location o Pechory in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°49′N 27°36′E / 57.817°N 27.600°E / 57.817; 27.600
Coat of Arms of Pechory (Pskov oblast).png
Coat o airms o Pechory Urban Dounset
Admeenistrative status (as o 2012)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative destrict Pechorsky Destrict[1]
Admeenistrative center o Pechorsky Destrict[1]
Municipal status (as o December 2008)
Municipal destrict Pechorsky Municipal Destrict[2]
Urban dounset Pechory Urban Dounset[2]
Admeenistrative centre o Pechorsky Municipal Destrict[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
11,195 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[4]
Founded 16t century[5]
Town status since 1776[5]
Watter touer in the centre o Pechory

Pechory (Roushie: Печоры‎; Estonie an Seto: Petseri; German: Petschur) is a toun an the admeenistrative centre o Pechorsky Destrict o Pskov Oblast, Roushie. Its population in the 2010 Census wis 11,195,[3] haein fawen frae 13,056 in the 2002 Census[6] an 11,935 in the 1989 Census.[7] This population includes a few hunder ethnic Estonies.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun wis foondit as a posad near the monastery in the 16t century an suin developit intae an important tradin post.[5] Durin the reign o Ivan the Terrible, Pechory wis an important border stranghauld. It wis besiegit numerous times bi Roushie's enemies: Stefan Batory's forces sacked the dounset durin the Siege o Pskov in 1581, an the Swades or Pols stormit Pechory in 1592, 1611, 1615, an 1630, an frae 1655 tae 1657.

Efter the Great Northren War endit, Roushies rebuilt the fortifications an Boris Sheremetev began his campaign o 1701 in Pechory. In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Ingermanland Governorate (kent syne 1710 as Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Govrenorate wis split aff, an in 1772, Pskov Govrenorate wis establisht. (Atween 1777 an 1796, it existit as Pskov Viceryalty). In 1776, Pechory wis grantit toun status, an Pechorsky Uyezd wis established, but in 1797, Pechorsky Uyezd wis abolisht, an the aurie wis made a pairt o Pskovsky Uyezd o Pskov Govrenorate.[8]

In 1918, the dounset, which haed been in oblivion for centuries, regained its status as a toun. Frae Februar tae Dizember 1918, Pechory wis occupee'd bi the Germans. Durin the Estonie War o Unthirldom, the toun wis occupee'd bi the Estonie airmy on 29 Mairch 1919. Unner the terms o the Tartu Peace Treaty, Pechory an the territory aroond it, cried Setomaa, wur given tae Estonie.

Durin the years atween the First an the Seicont warld wars, Petseri, as it wis cried at that time, wis the centre o Petserimaa (Petseri Coonty), ane o the eleiven coonties that made up the Republic o Estonie. Unner Estonie rule, the toun population grew bi mair than 2.5 times, predominantly due tae arrival o ethnic Estonies. In Mey 1925, maist o the laund awned bi Pskovo-Pechersky Monastery wis confiscatit bi Estonie govrenment. St. Peter's Lutheran Kirk wis built in 1926. Durin Warld War II the toun wis occupeed bi the German Airmy frae August 1941 till 11 August 1944.

In 1944, efter Estonie wis occupee'd bi the Soviet Union, Pechory an maist o Petseri coonty wur transferred tae Pskov Oblast o the Roushie SFSR. In 1956, Pechory Seicontar Schuil No. 2 wis opened for Estonie-speakin pupils.

Efter Estonie unthirldom wis re-establisht in 1991, the toun, an the territory aroond it wur claimit for Estonie acause o the Tartu Peace Treaty, in which the Soviet Union haed relinquished further claims on Estonie territory.[9] In November 1995, a report said that Estonie haed droppit this claim.[10] A newer Estonie-Roushie Border Treaty wis signed bi Estonie on 18 Mey 2005, reflectin the later border chynges,[11] but wis rejectit an cancelled bi Roushie on 27 Juin 2005, acause o references tae Soviet occupation wur addit.[12][13]

Estonie Painter Alfred Hirv wis a native o Pechory, as wur writer Lilli Promet an fitbawer Jaanus Sirel.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pechory is famous for the Roushie Orthodox Pskovo-Pechersky Monastery.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 240 501», в ред. изменения №185/2011 от 1 января 2012 г. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 58 240 501, as amended by the Amendment #185/2011 of January 1, 2012. ).
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Law #420-oz, Article 15.2
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 354. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  6. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. "Печорский край" (in Russian). Псковский край. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  9. Georg von Rauch (1974), The Baltic States: The Years of Independence, 1917–1940, London: C. Hurst & Co.
  10. http://books.google.com/books?id=dt2TXexiKTgC&pg=PT455&dq=%22Petseri+County%22&sig=ACfU3U2Md8I0JrpQE1wzxyESv-BsbixbnA#v=onepage&q=%22Petseri%20County%22&f=false
  11. http://www.estemb.se/estonian_review/aid-427 Estonian Parliament ratifies Estonian-Russian border treaties
  12. "Russia spurns Estonia border deal". BBC News. June 27, 2005. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  13. Socor, Vladimir. "Russia cancels border treaty, assails Estonia". The Jameston Foundation. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Pskov Oblast