Pskovsky Destrict

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Pskovsky Destrict
Псковский район (Roushie)
Location of Pskovsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location o Pskovsky Destrict in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°51′31″N 28°09′10″E / 57.85861°N 28.15278°E / 57.85861; 28.15278
Coat of Arms of Pskov rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Flag of Pskov rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Coat o airms Flag
Admeenistrative status (as o February 2009)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative center ceetyPskov[2]
# o Landwart localities 632[2]
Municipal status (as o April 2011)
Municipally incorporatit as Pskovsky Municipal Destrict[3]
- # o urban dounsets 0[4]
- # o landwart dounsets 10[4]
Statistics
Aurie 3,600 km2 (1,400 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
34,323 inhabitants[6]
- Urban population 0%
- Landwart population 100%
Density 10 /km2 (26 /sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Pskovsky Destrict (Roushie: Пско́вский райо́н‎) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-fower in Pskov Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the northwast o the oblast an borders with Gdovsky Destrict in the north, Strugo-Krasnensky Destrict in the northeast, Porkhovsky Destrict in the east, Ostrovsky Destrict in the sooth, an wi Palkinsky an Pechorsky Destricts in the soothwast. Loch Peipus forms the border wi Estonie in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 3,600 square kilometers (1,400 sq mi).[5] Its admeenistrative centre is the ceety o Pskov (which is no admeenistratively a pairt o the destrict).[2] Population: 34,323 (2010 Census preliminary results);[6] 37,216 (2002 Census);[9] 37,557 (1989 Census).[10]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict is locatit east an sootheast o Loch Peipus, intae which the rivers in the north o the destrict flow directly. The central an the soothren pairts o the destrict lee in the basin o the Velikaya River, a major tributar o Loch Peipus. The twa biggest tributars o the Velikaya athin the destrict are the Pskova an the Cheryokha Rivers (baith richt). Minor auries in the east o the destrict lee in the basin o the Shelon River.

36% o the destrict's territory is covered bi forests.[5]

Remdovsky Zakaznik in the north o the destrict is ane o three federally protectit natur reserves in Pskov Oblast; it wis establisht tae protect lawlands adjacent tae Loch Peipus.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The history o the aurie is essentially a pairt o the history o Pskov. Accordin tae the tradition, Saunt Olga, wife o Prince Igor an ane o the maist important persons in the history o Kievan Rus', wis born in the veelage o Vybuty, locatit athin modren borders o the destrict.[11] Till the 14t century, the aurie, thegither wi Pskov, wis dependent on Novgorod, then became unthirlt, an in 1510 wis annexed bi the Grand Duchy o Moscow.

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie was includit intae Ingermanland Govrenorate (kent syne 1710 as Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate wis split aff, an in 1772, Pskov Govrenorate (which atween 1777 an 1796 existit as Pskov Viceryalty) wis establisht. The aurie wis a pairt o Pskovsky Uyezd o Pskov Govrenorate.

On 1 August 1927, the uyezds wur abolisht, an Pskovsky Destrict wis establisht, wi the admeenistrative centre in the ceety o Pskov (which wis no a pairt o the destrict). It includit pairts o umwhile Pskovsky Uyezd. The govrenorates wur abolisht as well, an the destrict became a pairt o Pskov Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. On 23 Julie 1930, the okrugs wur abolisht an aw, an the destricts wur directly subordinatit tae the oblast. On 15 Februar 1935, parts o Pskovsky Destrict wur transferred tae newly establisht Karamyshevsky an Palkinsky Destricts. Atween 22 Mairch 1935 an 19 September 1940, Pskovsky Destrict wis a pairt o Pskov Okrug o Leningrad Oblast, ane o the okrugs abuttin the state boondaries o the Soviet Union. Atween August 1941 an Julie 1944, Pskovsky Destrict wis occupee'd bi German troops. On 23 August 1944, the destrict wis transferred tae newly establisht Pskov Oblast.[12]

On 1 August 1927, Seryodkinsky Destrict wis establisht as well, wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Seryodka. It includit pairts o umwhile Gdovsky Uyezd o Saunt Petersburg Governorate. The destrict wis a pairt o Pskov Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. In 1935, a pairt o the destrict's territory wis transferred tae Polnovsky Destrict. Atween August 1941 an Februar 1944, Seryodkinsky Destrict wis occupee'd bi German troops. On 23 August 1944, the destrict wis transferred tae Pskov Oblast.[13] On 15 Februar 1958, Seryodkinsky Destrict wis abolisht an split atween Gdovsky an Pskovsky Destricts.

Anither destrict establisht on 1 August 1927 wis Karamyshevsky Destrict, wi the admeenistrative centre in the dounset o Karamyshevo. It includit pairts o umwhile Pskovsky Uyezd. The destrict wis a pairt o Pskov Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. On September 20, 1931, Karamyshevsky Destrict wis abolisht an mergit intae Pskovsky Destrict. On 15 Februar 1935, it wis re-establisht. Atween August 1941 an Februar 1944, Karamyshevsky Destrict wis occupee'd bi German troops. On 23 August 1944, the destrict wis transferred tae Pskov Oblast.[13] On 1 Februar 1963, in the course o Khrushchev's abortive admeenistrative reform, Karamyshevsky Destrict wis abolisht, an efter a nummer o admeenistrative transformations its territory wis eventually split atween Pskovsky an Porkhovsky Destricts.[14]

Admeenistrative an municipal status[eedit | eedit soorce]

Athin the framewirk o admeenistrative diveesions, Pskovsky Destrict is ane o the twinty-fower in the oblast.[1] The ceety o Pskov serves as its admeenistrative center,[2] despite bein incorporatit separately as an admeenistrative unit wi the status equal tae that o the destricts.[1]

As a municipal diveesion, the destrict is incorporatit as Pskovsky Municipal Destrict.[3] The Ceety o Pskov is incorporatit separately frae the destrict as Pskov Urban Okrug.[3]

Restrictit access[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wastren pairt o the destrict is includit intae a border security zone, intendit tae protect the borders o Roushie frae unwantit activity. In pairticular, the whole shore o Loch Peipus within the district is included into this restrictit aurie. In order tae visit the zone, a permit issued bi the local Federal Security Service depairtment is required.[15]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pskovsky Destrict is essentially an agricultural aurie, awtho some fuid industrie is present. Thare is ane plant producin reinforcit concrete.[16]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main agricultural specializations in the destrict are swine an cattle breedin, as well as growin o crops, potatoes, an vegetables.[16]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pskov is an important transport hub an, as it is completely surroondit bi Pskovsky Destrict, aw communications leadin tae Pskov pass throu the destrict. In pairticular, Pskov is connectit bi railroads wi St. Petersburg, wi Bologoye via Dno an Staraya Russa, wi Tartu via Pechory, an wi Riga via Ostrov an Pytalovo. Aw these railweys cross the destrict. Thare is passenger traffic alang aw these railweys.

The M20 heich-gate which connects St. Petersburg and Vitebsk via Pskov crosses the destrict frae north tae sooth. There is a road connection frae Pskov north tae Gdov an further tae Slantsy, anither ane frae Pskov tae Veliky Novgorod via Porkhov, an yet anither ane wast tae Riga via Izborsk, which is a pairt o European route E77. Pskov is the eatern terminus o this route. Thare are local roads an aw.

The lawer course o the Velikaya River is navigable.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Kirk o St. Matthew in the veelage o Piskovichi

The destrict contains 32 cultural heritage monuments o federal significance an addeetionally 111 objects classified as cultural an historical heritage o local significance. The federally protectit monuments include the ensembles o Krypetsky an Yelizarov monasteries, the 15t century Kirk o Iliya the Prophet in the pogost o Vybuty, the Intercession Kirk in the pogost o Znakhlitsy, the Assumption Kirk in the selo of Melyotovo, the St. Nicholas Kirk in the selo o Ustye, an the St. George Kirk in the selo o Kamno, as well as a nummer o aircheological steids an younger kirks.[17]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Law #833-oz
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 According to Article 6 of Law #833-oz, the structure and composition of the administrative districts match those of the municipal districts. The municipal aspect is described by Laws #419-oz and #420-oz.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Law #419-oz
  4. Law #420-oz
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Географическая характеристика" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. "Легенда о княгине Ольге" (in Russian). Администрация Псковской области. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  12. "Псковский район (авг. 1927 - авг. 1944)" (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Середкинский район (авг. 1927 г. - авг. 1944 г.)" (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  14. "Фонды районных комитетов" (in Russian). Администрация Псковской области. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  15. "Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области"; Приказ ФСБ России от 21 апреля 2007 г. №201 "О внесении изменения в приказ ФСБ России 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области"". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2006. 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Экономика" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  17. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №419-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О границах и статусе действующих на территории области муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, 4 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #419-ы. of February 28, 2005 On the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations Existing on the Oblast Territory. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

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