Pechorsky Destrict

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Pechorsky Destrict
Печорский район (Roushie)
Location of Pechorsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location o Pechorsky Destrict in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°49′N 27°36′E / 57.817°N 27.600°E / 57.817; 27.600
Coat of Arms of Pechory (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Admeenistrative status (as o April 2011)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative center townPechory[2]
# o ceeties/touns 1[2]
# o Landwart localities 386[2]
Municipal status (as o April 2011)
Municipally incorporatit as Pechorsky Municipal Destrict[2]
- # o urban dounsets 1[2]
- # o landwart dounsets 6[2]
Statistics
Aurie 1,251 km2 (483 sq mi)[3]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
22,123 inhabitants[4]
- Urban population 50.6%
- Landwart population 49.4%
Density 18 /km2 (47 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Established January 16, 1945[7]
Offeecial wabsteid

Pechorsky Destrict (Roushie: Печо́рский райо́н‎) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[2] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-fower in Pskov Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the northwast o the oblast an borders wi Pskovsky Destrict in the northwast, Palkinsky Destrict in the sootheast, Alūksne Municipality o Latvie in the soothwast, an wi Võru an Põlva Coonties o Estonie in the northwast. Lake Peipus limits the destrict frae the north. The aurie o the destrict is 1,251 square kilometers (483 sq mi).[3] Its admeenistrative centre is the toun o Pechory.[2] Population: 22,123 (2010 Census preliminary results);[4] 25,300 (2002 Census);[8] 27,199 (1989 Census).[9] The population o Pechory accoonts for 50.6% o the destrict's total population.[4]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amaist the whole o the destrict lees in the basin o Loch Peipus. The rivers in the east flow intae the Velikaya River, whauras the rivers in the northwast, includin the Piusa River, flow intae Loch Peipus directly. Minor auries in the soothwast o the destrict belang tae the basin o the Pededze River an thus tae the basin o the Daugava. A nummer o islands on Loch Peipus are unner the destrict's jurisdiction an aw. In pairticular, the Kolpina Island, the lairgest island o Loch Peipus, wi a aurie o 11.02 square kilometers (4.25 sq mi), is a part of Pechorsky District.[3]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, the area was first mentioned in the Primary Chronicle, which describes that in 862 Truvor, a legendar brither o Rurik, the first prince o Rus', became the prince o Izborsk in 862. The current scholarly interpretation denies the existence o Truvor, but in ony case the aurie wis awready a pairt o the Roushie Launds in the 9t century. Later, it wis dependent on Pskov, an in 1510 thegither wi Pskov it was includit intae the Grand Duchy o Moscow. The Pskov-Cave Monastery wis foondit in the 15t century. In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Ingermanland Govrenorate (kent syne 1710 as Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Govrenorate wis split aff, an in 1772, Pskov Govrenorate (which existit as Pskov Viceryalty atween 1777 an 1796) wis establisht. In 1776, Pechory wis grantit toun status an Pechorsky Uyezd wis establisht, but in 1797, Pechorsky Uyezd wis abolisht, an the aurie became a pairt o Pskovsky Uyezd o Pskov Govrenorate.[10]

Durin the last year o Warld War I, frae Februar tae Dizember 1918, the toun o Pechory wis occupee'd bi German forces. The toun wis subsequently captured bi Estonie forces on 29 Mairch 1919, durin the Estonie War o Unthirldom. The Treaty o Tartu, signed on 2 Februar 1920, assigned Pechory an its surroondin territory, the Setomaa region, tae Estonie. Pechory wis renamit Petseri an the aurie became Petseri Coonty (Petserimaa). In 1940, Estonie became a pairt o the Soviet Union, an the aurie became a pairt o the Estonie Soviet Socialist Republic (Estonie SSR). Atween August 1941 an August 1944, the aurie wis occupee'd bi German troops. On 16 Januar 1945, the greater pairt o Petserimaa wis transferred frae the Estonie SSR tae Pskov Oblast, an Pechorsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in Pechory wis creatit.[7]

On 16 Januar 1945, Kachanovsky Destrict, wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo of Kachanovo, wis creatit on the territories transferred frae the Latvie Soviet Socialist Republic tae Pskov Oblast. On 14 Januar 1958, Kachanovsky Destrict wis abolisht an split atween Pechorsky an Palkinsky Destricts.[11]

Efter Estonie independence wis re-establisht in 1991, the destrict wis claimit bi Estonie acause o the Treaty o Tartu, in which the Soviet Union haed relinquished further claims tae Estonie territory.[12] In November 1995, Estonie reportitly droppit this claim.[13] A newer Estonie-Roushie Border Treaty wis signed bi Estonie on 18 Mey 2005, reflectin the later border chynges,[14] but wis rejectit an cancelled bi Roushie on 27 Juin 2005 acause references tae Soviet occupation wur addit.[15][16]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aboot 1000 o inhabitants o the destrict are ethnic Estonies. Aboot 300 are Setos, a Finnic minority.[17]

The destrict haes a law unemployment rate o 2,54%.[17]

Restrictit access[eedit | eedit soorce]

The pairt o the destrict alang the state border is included into a border security zone, intendit tae protect the borders o Roushie frae unwantit activity. In order tae visit the zone, a permit issued bi the local Federal Security Service depairtment is required.[18]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the destrict, thare are enterprises o timber an fuid industrie, as well as production o construction materials, pairticularly ceramics.[19]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o 2011, thare wur ten lairge- an mid-scale farms actin in the destrict. They mainly specialize in meat an milk production, as well as in crops growin.[20]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

A railroad connectin Pskov an Tartu crosses the destrict frae east tae wast. The main stations inside the destrict are Pechory an Novoizborsk. A railwey line tae Võru an Valga branches aff in Pechory. Thare is passenger rail traffec atween Pskov an Pechory; housomeivver, aw passenger traffic atween Pechory an Estonie haes been discontinued.

Pechoty is connectit bi a heich-gate wi Ostrov via Palkino. The whole stretch atween Pechory an Ostrov haes been a toll road syne 2002.[21] The stretch of European route E77 between Pskov and Estonian border crosses the district from east to west. There are also local roads.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict contains aichty-three cultural heritage monuments o federal significance an addeetionally saxty-three objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local significance.[22] The federal monuments include, amang ithers, the ensemble o the Pskov-Caves Monastery, foondit in the 15t century, an the fortress o Izborsk, which in its current state wis built in the 14t century. The destrict contains a lairge nummer o aircheological steids as well.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #833-oz
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Law #420-oz
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Географическая характеристика" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. 7.0 7.1 Манаков, А.Г. "Народность сето" (in Russian). Музей-заповедник Изборск. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  8. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. "Печорский край" (in Russian). Псковский край. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  11. "История района" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 8, 2012. 
  12. Georg von Rauch (1974), The Baltic States: The Years of Independence, 1917–1940, London: C. Hurst & Co.
  13. http://books.google.com/books?id=dt2TXexiKTgC&pg=PT455&dq=%22Petseri+County%22&sig=ACfU3U2Md8I0JrpQE1wzxyESv-BsbixbnA#v=onepage&q=%22Petseri%20County%22&f=false
  14. http://www.estemb.se/estonian_review/aid-427 Estonian Parliament ratifies Estonian-Russian border treaties
  15. "Russia spurns Estonia border deal". BBC News. June 27, 2005. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  16. Socor, Vladimir. "Russia cancels border treaty, assails Estonia". The Jameston Foundation. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Сето" (in Russian). Ассоциация финно-угорских народов Российской Федерации. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  18. "Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области"; Приказ ФСБ России от 21 апреля 2007 г. №201 "О внесении изменения в приказ ФСБ России 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области"". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2006. 
  19. "Промышленность" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  20. "Сельское хозяйство" (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 7, 2012. 
  21. "Псковская обл. Платные дороги" (in Russian). АСМАП. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  22. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

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