Virginia Beach, Virginie

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Virginia Beach
Independent ceety
City of Virginia Beach
The Virginia Beach oceanfront in July 2008
The Virginia Beach oceanfront in July 2008
Banner o Virginia Beach
Offeecial seal o Virginia Beach
Nickname(s): "The Resort City", "Neptune City"
Motto(s): Landmarks of Our Nation's Beginning
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia Beach is locatit in the US
Virginia Beach
Virginia Beach
Location in the contiguous Unitit States
Coordinates: 36°51′02″N 75°58′40″W / 36.8506°N 75.9779°W / 36.8506; -75.9779
Kintra Unitit States
State Virginie
Coonty Princess Anne (Independent ceety)
Incorporatit (toun) 1906
Incorporatit (ceety) 1952
 • Teep Cooncil-manager
 • Mayor Will Sessoms (R)
 • Independent ceety 1,290 km2 (497 sq mi)
 • Laund 640 km2 (249 sq mi)
 • Watter 640 km2 (248 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (10 ft)
Population (2013)
 • Independent ceety 448,479(39t)
 • Urban 1,212,000
 • Metro 1,707,369
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Simmer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Aurie code(s) 757
FIPS code 51-82000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1500261[2]

Virginia Beach is a independent ceety locatit in the U.S. state o Virginie. As o the 2010 census, the population wis 437,994.[3] In 2013, the population wis estimatit tae be 448,479.[4] It is the maist populous ceety in Virginie as well as the 39t maist populous in the Unitit States.

Virginia Beach is a pairt o the Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News (Hampton Roads) metropolitan aurie. The aurie includes the ceeties o Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Portsmouth, an Suffolk, as well as ither smawer ceeties, coonties an touns o Hampton Roads. The aurie is kent as "America's First Region."

Virginia Beach is best kent as a resort toun. It haes miles o beaches an hunders o hottles, motels, an restaurants alang the Atlantic Ocean an Chesapeake Bay. It is hame tae several state pairks, three militar bases, a nummer o lairge corporations, an twa varsities. It wis the steid o the first laundin o Inglis colonists goin tae Jamestoun.

The ceety is leetit in the Guinness Book of Records as haein the langest pleasur beach in the warld. It is at the soothren end o the Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel, the langest brig-tunnel in the warld.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Native Americans[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chesepians wur the Native American (American Indian) fowk livin in the aurie nou kent as Sooth Hampton Roads in Virginie durin the time the Inglis settlers came in 1607. Thay livit in a aurie which is nou the ceeties o Norfolk, Portsmouth, Chesapeake an Virginia Beach.

The Chesepians haed twa ither toins (or veelages), Apasus an Chesepioc. Baith wur near the Chesapeake Bay in wha is nou Virginia Beach. Airchaeologists an ither fowk hae foond mony Native American airtifacts, for ensaumple arraeheids, stane axes, pottery, beads, an skelets in the aurie.

First laundin, Adam Thoroughgood[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cape Henry frae the air, facin ESE

In 1607, efter travelin bi ocean for 144 days, three ships heidit bi Caiptain Christopher Newport came tae laund whaur the Atlantic Ocean meets the soothren mooth o the Chesapeake Bay. This point is in the northeastren pairt o the ceety. Thay namit it Cape Henry, efter Henry Frederick, Prince o Wales, the auldest son o Keeng James VI, Keeng o Scots. Thay then left the aurie tae fynd a place farther inland whaur ships frae ither European kintras wad no fynd thaim. Thay creatit thair first dounset at Jamestown.

Adam Thoroughgood (1604-1640) o Norfolk, Ingland is ane o the first Inglishmen tae settle in the aurie which became Virginia Beach.

In 1634, the Colony wis dividit intae shires. Thay wur suin renamit coonties. It is said that Thoroughgood uised the name o his hame in Ingland when helpin name New Norfolk Coonty in 1637. The follaein year, New Norfolk Coonty wis split intae Upper Norfolk County (suin renamit Nansemond Coonty) an Lower Norfolk Coonty. Thoroughgood chose tae live alang the Lynnhaven River, namit for his hame in Ingland an aw. Lower Norfolk Coonty wis vera big. It stretched aw the wey frae the Atlantic Ocean wast past the Elizabeth River. It includit the entire aurie that is nou the ceeties o Portsmouth, Norfolk, Chesapeake, an Virginia Beach.

Princess Anne County: 1691-1963[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1691, Lower Norfolk Coonty wis dividit tae shape Norfolk Coonty tae the wast an Princess Anne Coonty tae the east. Princess Anne includit aw the aurie frae North Carolina mairch tae Cape Henry at the mooth o the Chesapeake Bay alang the Atlantic Ocean. Princess Anne Coonty existit frae 1691 tae 1963, ower 250 years.

Virginia Beach: growth o a resorte[eedit | eedit soorce]

The smaw resort aurie o Virginia Beach began tae grow in Princess Anne Coonty in the late 19t hunderyear. This growthe wis helpit in 1888 when rail service an electricity stairtit in the aurie.

The resort wis dependent upon railwey an electric trolley service at first. The concrete Virginia Beach Boulevard frae Norfolk tae the Oceanfront wis completit in 1922. It let fowk get tae the oceanfront in automobiles, buses, an larries. The resort o Virginia Beach became a incorporatit toun in 1906. Ower the next 45 years, Virginia Beach became mair popular as a simmer vacation spot. Virginia Beach became a smaw independent ceety in 1952. It wis poleetically unthirlt frae Princess Anne Coonty. In 1963, Virginia Beach an Princess Anne coonty mergit intae a new, hintle lairger independent ceety keepin the name o the Virginia Beach resort.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Virginia Beach haes a aurie o 1,288.1 km² (497.3 mi²). O that aurie, 643.1 km² (248.3 mi²) is laund an 645.0 km² (249.0 mi²) is watter. The average elevation is 12 feet (4 meters) abuin sea level.

Things tae see[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Edgar Cayce Hospital for Research an Enlightenment wis stairtit in Virginia Beach in 1928 wi 60 beds. Cayce wis a psychic frae Kentucky who said he haed healin abilities an made prophecies. Cayce livit in Virginia Beach till he dee'd in 1945. His follaeers are still active in Virginia Beach. Atlantic Varsity wis opened bi Cayce in 1930; it closed twa years later but wis re-opened in 1985. Atlantic Varsity wis oreeginally intendit for study o Cayce's readins an research efter spiritual subjects.

Thare are eleiven gowf courses open tae the public in the ceety an aw, as well as fower kintra club courses an NAS Oceana's Aeropines course. Amang the best-kent public courses are Hell's Point Golf Club an the TPC of Virginia Beach.

Militar bases[eedit | eedit soorce]

Virginia Beach is hame tae several Unitit States Militar bases. Thir include the Unitit States Navy's NAS Oceana an FTC Dam Neck, an the Unitit States Army's Fort Story at Cape Henry. NAB Little Creek is maistly in the ceety o Virginia Beach but haes a Norfolk address.

NAS Oceana is the lairgest employer in Virginia Beach. It is said tae the lairgest naval airbase in the warld.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Virginia Beach haes five sister ceeties:[5][6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  4. [1]. Virginia State 2013 Population Estimates Retrieved February 2, 2013
  5. Sister Cities designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI). Retrieved June 6, 2006.
  6. "Approved Resolutions August 14", eLegis Olongapo City Sanggunian. Retrieved 2013-09-20.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]