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Hamrat Street
Hamrat Street
Tartus is located in Syrie
Location in Sirie
Coordinates: 34°53′N 35°53′E / 34.883°N 35.883°E / 34.883; 35.883
GovrenorateTartus Govrenorate
DestrictTartus Destrict
 • GovrenorWahib Hasan Zein Eddin
 • Total98,000
Area code(s)43

Tartus (Arabic: طرطوس‎, leeterally pit ower as Tartous) is a city on the Mediterranean coast o Sirie. Tartus is the seicond maistmuckle port city in Sirie (efter Latakia), an the caipital an maistmuckle city in Tartus Govrenorate. The population size is 98,000 (year 2010 estimate).[1]

Geography an climate

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The city lies on the eastren coast o the Mediterranean Sea mairched bi the Alawite Muntains tae the east. Arwad, the anely inhabitit island on the Sirian coast, is locatit a few kilometres aff the shore o Tartus.

Tartus occupees maist o a flat area, surroondit tae the east bi hills componed mainly o limestane an, in certain places aroond the toun o Souda, basalt.


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The climate is Mediterranean, wi short winter months an a moderate temperature frae Apryle til October. The hills tae the east o the city mak an alternative environment an climate. Tartus is kent for its mild wather an heich precipitation. Humidity in the simmer can reach 80%.[2]

Climate data for Tartus
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 15.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.0
Average law °C (°F) 8.4
Average precipitation mm (inches) 177.5
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 12.5 10.2 9.3 5.4 2.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.8 4.4 6.5 11.0 62.9
Source: Hong Kong Observatory[3]


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Phoenicie Antaradus

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The History o Tartus gangs back tae the 2nt millennium BC whan it wis foondit as a Phoenicie colony o Aradus.[4] The colony wis kent as Antaradus (frae Greek "Anti-Arados → Antarados", Anti-Aradus, meanin "The toun facin Arwad"). Nae hintle remains o the Phoenician Antaradus, the mainland dounset that wis linked tae the mair important an mair muckle settlements o Aradus, aff the shore o Tartus, an the nearbi steid o Amrit.[5]

Greco-Roman an Byzantine

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The city wis cried Antaradus in classical Laitin. The city wis favored bi emperor Constantine for its devotion tae the cult o the Virgin Mary. The first chapel tae be dedicatit tae the Virgin is seyed tae hae been biggit here in the 3rd century.


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Muslim airmies conquered Tartus unner the leadership o Ayyan bin al-Samet al-Ansary in 636.


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The auncient cathedral o Oor Lady o Tortosa.

The Crusaders cried the ceety Antartus, an an' aa' Tortosa. First captured bi Raymond o Saint-Gilles, it wis left in 1105 tae his son Alfonso Jordan an wis kent as Tortosa. In 1123 the Crusaders biggit the kirk o Oor Lady o Tortosa upon this steid. It nou hooses this altar an haes received mony pilgrims. The Cathedral itsel wis uised as a mosque efter the Muslim reconquest o the ceety, then as a barracks bi the Ottomans. It wis renovatit unner the French an is nou the ceety museum, containin antiquities recovered frae Amrit an mony ither steids in the region. Nur ad-Din Zangi retrieved Tartus frae the Crusaders for a brief time afore he lost it again. In 1152, Tortosa wis haundit tae the Knights Templar, who uised it as a military heidquarters. Thay engaged in some major biggin projects, constructin a castle wi a lairge chapel an an elaborate keep, surroondit bi thick dooble concentric waws.[6] The Templars' mission wis tae pertect the ceety an surroondin lands, some o which haed been occupeed bi Christian settlers, frae Muslim attack. The ceety o Tortosa wis recaptured bi Saladin in 1188, an the main Templar heidquarters relocatit tae Cyprus. Housomeivver, in Tortosa, some Templars wur able tae retreat intae the keep, that thay continued tae uise as a base for the next 100 years. Thay steadily addit tae its fortifications till it fell, in 1291. Tortosa wis the last ootpost o the Templars on the Sirian mainland, efter that thay retreated tae a garrison on the nearbi island o Arwad, that thay kept for anither decade.


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Tartus is an important trade centre in Sirie an haes ane o the twa main ports o the kintra on the Mediterranean. The ceety port is experiencin major expansion as a lot o Iraqi imports come throu the port o Tartus tae aid reconstruction efforts in Iraq.

Tartus is a popular destination for tourists. The ceety affers guid sandy beaches an several resorts. The ceety enjoyed major investments in the last few years. The lairgest bein Antaradus waterfront development.


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Tartus haes a well-developed road netwirk an heich-gates. The Chemins de Fer Syriens operatit railwey netwirk connects Tartus tae major ceeties in Sirie, awtho anerlie the Latakia-Tartus passenger connection is in service.

Roushie Naval activity

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The ceety hosts a Soviet-era naval supply an maintenance base, unner a 1971 agreement wi Sirie,[7] still staffed bi Roushie naval personnel. In pairticular, the Roushie Navy's 5t Mediterranean Squadron haes been uisin the base.[8] It haes been reportit that Roushie an Sirie are conductin talks aboot permittin Roushie tae develop an enlairge the base in order tae establish a stranger naval presence in the Mediterranean,[8][9] an amidst the deterioratin Roushie relations wi the wast in conjunction wi the 2008 Sooth Ossetie war‎ an the plans tae deploy US missile defense shield in Poland, it haes been assertit that Preses Assad haes agreed tae Tartus port’s conversion intae a permanent Middle East base for Roushie's nuclear-airmed warships.[10] Moscow an Damascus additionally annoonced that it wad be renovatin the port, awtho thare wis nae mention in the Sirian press.[7] On September 19, ten Roushie warships docked in Tartus.[11] Accordin tae Lebanese-Sirian commentator Joseph Farah the flotilla which haes been muivit tae Tartus consists o the Moskva cruiser an fower nuclear missile submarines. Accordin tae Farah upgrades o the port facilities are awready unner wey. Syne 1992 the port haes been in disrepair wi anerlie ane o its three floatin piers remainin operational, but the facilities nou are bein restored.[12]

On September 22, 2008, Roushie Navy spokesman Igor Dygalo said the nuclear-powered battlecruiser Peter The Great, accompanied bi three ither ships, sailed frae the Northren Fleet's base o Severomorsk. The ships will cover aboot 15,000 nautical mile (28,000 km) tae conduct joint maneuvers wi the Venezuelan navy. Dygalo refused tae comment on Monday's report in the daily Izvestia claimin that the ships wur tae mak a stopower in the Sirian port o Tartus on thair way tae Venezuela. Roushie officials said the Soviet-era base thare wis bein renovated tae serve as a foothold for a permanent Roushie navy presence in the Mediterranean.[13]

On Julie 20, 2009 RIA Novosti reportit that the base wad be made fully operational tae support anti-piracy operations.[14] It will support a Roushie naval presence in the Mediterranean as a base for "guidit-missile cruisers an even aircraft carriers".[15]

Main sichts

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Boats in Tartus harbor

The historic centre o Tartus consists o mair recent buildings biggit on an inside the waws o the Crusader-era Templar fortress, whose moat still separates this auld toun frae the modren ceety on its northren an eastren sides. Ootside the fortress few historic remains can be seen, wi the exception o the umwhile cathedral o Notre-Dame o Tartus (Oor Lady o Tortosa), frae the 12t century. The kirk is nou the steid o a museum. Umwhile Preses Hafez Assad an his predominantly Islamic admeenistration haed promised tae return the steid tae the Christians as a seembol o deep Christianity in Sirie, housomeivver he dee'd afore this promise wis executit. Assad's son, Preses Bashar Assad, haes claimed tae honour his faither's promise.

Tartus an the surroondin aurie are rich in antiquities an aircheological steids. Various important an weel kent steids are locatit athin a 30-minute drive frae Tartus. Thir attractions include:

The ootlyin toun o Al Hamidiyah juist sooth o Tartus is notable for haein a Greek-speakin population o aboot 3,000 who are Muslims in thair releegion. Thair ancestors muivit thare in the late 19t century frae Crete.[16]

Notable fowk

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  1. a b "Syria: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World-gazetteer.com. Archived frae the original on 1 October 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  2. "Central Bureau of Statistics". Cbssyr.org. Archived frae the original on 28 Apryle 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  3. "Climatological Information for Tartous, Syria". Hong Kong Observatory. Juin 2011. Archived frae the original on 19 Julie 2013. Retrieved 28 Juin 2011.
  4. Tartus Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine Encyclopaedia of the Orient. Retrieved 2007, 06-26.
  5. History of Tartous Archived 2007-07-04 at the Wayback Machine Syria Gate. Retrieved 2007, 06-26.
  6. Lost Worlds: Knights Templar. History Channel video documentary, first aired Julie 10, 2006.
  7. a b “Syria and Russia strengthen naval cooperation” Itar-Tass news agency via Haaretz. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
  8. a b Bhadrakumar, M K (29 August 2008). "Russia remains a Black Sea power". Asia Times Online. Archived frae the original on 12 Julie 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2008. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  9. David R. Sands, "Russia Expanding Navy into Mediterranean Sea", The Washington Times, August 7, 2007.
  10. "Big Russian flotilla led by Admiral Kuznetsov carrier heads for Syrian port". DEBKAfile. 21 August 2008. Archived frae the original on 23 August 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2008. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  11. "Sources: Russian warships in Syrian port". UPI.com. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2008. Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  12. Farah, Joseph (19 September 2008). "Russians moving into Syria. Strategic alliance include fleet, missiles". WorldNetDaily. Retrieved 20 September 2008.
  13. "Russian navy ships head to Venezuela". Archived frae the original on 19 December 2008. Retrieved 28 Juin 2011.
  14. John Pike (13 Mey 2010). "Russia set to build up its naval facilities in Syria". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  15. Russian Navy to base warships at Syrian port after 2012
  16. Greek-Speaking Enclaves of Lebanon and Syria bi Roula Tsokalidou. Proceedings II Simposio Internacional Bilingüismo. Retrieved December 4, 2006.
  17. "Halim Barakat". Halim Barakat. Archived frae the original on 5 August 2018. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  • [1] Articles, stories an posts aboot Tartous (Tartus). Geography, history an legends frae ane o the maist fascinating Mediterranean Old Cities.

Freemit airtins

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  • [2] Sea Side bi Mariyah an Abufares. A novel wi the backdrop o the Sirian coast an the bonnie ceety o Tartus

News & Events

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Govrenmental Services

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Freemit airtins

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Coordinates: 34°53′N 35°53′E / 34.883°N 35.883°E / 34.883; 35.883