Baniyas (Arabic: بانياس Bāniyās) is a ceety in northwastren Sirie, locatit at the fuit o the hill of Qalaat el-Marqab (hoosin the Crusade castle o Marqab, Margat in wastren sources), 55 km tae the sooth o Latakia (auncient Laodicea) an 35 km north o Tartus (auncient Tortosa), an a Catholic titular see unner the Laitin name o Balanea, which is presently vacant.
It is famous for its orchards an its export o wood. The day it is best kent for its ile refinery north o the ceety, ane o the lairgest in Sirie; a pouer station is an aw present.
It still contains citrus fruit orchards surroondit bi green hills. Ane o the hills haes at its top the imposin Margat Citadel, a huge Knichts Hospitaller fortress built wi black basalt stane.