San Antonio, Paraguay

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San Antonio
Kintra Paraguay
Depairtment Central
Foundit 1903
 • Intendente Municipal Odulio Espinoza
Population (2008)
 • Tot 38,933
 • Density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zone -4 Gmt
Postal code 2650
Aurie code(s) (595) (21)

San Antonio is a ceety in Paraguay locatit in the Central Depairtment. It haes been significant since colonial times, as it wis locatit beside the Ryal Way, a road which leads tae the ceety o Villeta. The day, it is experiencin great industrial growth.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Some historians claim that the toun wis begun bi Dr Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia (1814–1840), who established a fortress tae defend the Paraguayan territory. Ithers say the toun began aroond 1679. In 1782 the Franciscan Missionaries foondit an Indian toun in the aurie wi donations o the neighbors o Asuncion. San Antonio mey hae been foondit in 1890 bi the German citizen Gustavo Conrado Gotees (born Conrad Götz in Schnabelwald, Germany).

San Antonio wis important in the War o the Triple Alliance (1864–1870). Brazilian troops arrived in its ports, en route tae the historical battle o Ytororo in December 1868. Efter the war, San Antonio wis empty. In 1903 the Paraguayan citizen Agustin Quiñónez moved there, an promotit the ceety; this wis a seicont foondation o the toun. A few families o French, Italian, German an Spainyie oreegins came tae settle.

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

San Antonio is locatit on the Paraguay River, latitude 25 38 an langitude 57 63 in the sooth center 25 km frae the caipital, Asuncion. In the north it is bordered bi the districts o Ñemby an Villa Elisa, in the sooth wi Ypane, in the east wi Ñemby an in the wast wi the Paraguay River.

There are 17 neighborhuids: San Francisco, Mbocayaty, Pueblo, San Blas, Ma. Auxiliadora, Naranjaty, Antigua Imagen, San Jorge, Acosta Ñu, Achucarro, Cerrito, San Agustín, Amanecer, Las Garzas, La Merced, Cerrito, an Achucarro.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The river haes an impact on the weather, makin the nichts an early mornins fresh, an the days vera hot. Temperatures range atween 25 tae 36 °C (77 tae 97 °F) in simmer, an in winter atween 8 tae 12 °C (46 tae 54 °F).

Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Statue honoring Don Benigno Arrua.

On Mairch 16, 1981, San Antonio wis ascendit tae the category o ceety. Its first mayor wis Francisco Bogado Caballero. On Aprile 21, 1903, the Senate an the Congress issued a law declarin the community a District.

Flora[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the ceety there are a great variety o trees such as the tajy or lapacho, trébol, pine, eucalyptus, cedar laurel an palm. The maist important forest reservation is the Parque Ytororó.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mair than 50% o the population is atween 15 an 45 years o age.

Eddication an health care[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes baith private an public schools. There are 11 naitional schools amoont an 10 private anes dedicatit tae elementary teachin. There are three naitional hie schools an twa private anes.

The Health Center wis foondit in 1978 bi Higinio Mendoza an Luis Medina. Aroond 15 babies are delivered each month. Atween 35 an 40 patients are seen per week an the emergency service is available 24 hours. The Instituto de Previción Social I.P.S haes a peripheral presence in the ceety.

Industries[eedit | eedit soorce]

There are mony industries in this yung ceety. Business include tannin an alcohol production. Some communication companies are locatit in this ceety, afferin baith cellular an radial communication.

International Products Corporation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The first industry that wis established in the ceety wis the International Products Corporation (IPC) slaughterhoose, which wis the primary employer in San Antonio an ither touns in the aurie. Foondit on Mey 30, 1917, it wis a slaughterhoose for cattle, pigs an goats, wi facilities tae prepare an refrigerate wi modren procedures. In the first year the company exportit 73,443 boxes o refrigeratit meat. Twa refrigeratit ships wur bought, the Paraguay an the Ytororo.

A siren soondit daily at 2 AM for aboot 20 minutes so that the wirkers get ready tae begin the wirk day at 3 AM. The company haed a villa for 1,400 employees, wi a communal kitchen an laundry. They an aa haed a recreational center for the employees, which provided space for social activities. In the 1960s mony soccer teams wur locatit there, includin Cerro Porteño, Guarani, Sol de America, Libertad an Sportivo Luqueño.

In 1978 the company wis closed. Years later, it wis bought bi industrialist Don Alberto Antebi, an production restarted on January 12, 1981 with modern equipment, Israel is one of the main customers.

Port o Puerto Naranja[eedit | eedit soorce]

View o the Rio Paraguay

In 1926 the first port wis opened tae export fruit. The port wis named Puerto Naranja, as there wis a lairge orange plantation nearby which providit muckle o the fruit exportit through this port.

Atween the years 1960 an 1965 Puerto Minera wis uised for shippin stones frae Cerro Ñemby, which wur uised tae pave the streets o Puerto Pilcomayo.

Fishin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Acause it is locatit on the banks o the Paraguayan River, fishin is an important activity, The river haes mony varieties o fish rangin frae dorado, pacu, tres puntos, corvina, piraña, palometa, Anguilla de rio, armado, an surubí.

Sport Clubs an ither organizations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Club Ytororó

San Antonio haes mony sport clubs which are members o the Regional League o Paraguay. Clubs include Club Porvenir, Club Ytororó, Club Coronel Romero, Club 1er de Marzo, an Club Unión.

It haes a Fire Squad o volunteers, belangin tae the 13t company; the first anes joined on December 14, 2002. The Boys Scouts haes a facility that opened in 1999. The security o the population is in the hands o the Naitional Polis o Precinct 24.

Means o communication[eedit | eedit soorce]

San Antonio haes twa community radio stations: Radios San Pablo FM an San Antonio FM. It haes a post office an telecommunications.

Festivals[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main celebration o San Antonio is in Juin. It is vera picturesque acause it takes place on the beach on the Paraguayan River. It is celebratit wi mony flouers, colorful balloons an ither ornaments in the streets. In the mornin, there is a mass, then the Nautical procession, wi decoratit canoes an ither boats, wi the patron image o San Antonio.

There is an annual Expo San Antonio tae show artisan wirk o the inhabitants an the products o the different companies. This exposition gives students a space tae show different products an wirks made in their schools, in aw different auries such as sciences, chemistry, an wirkshops such as mechanics, electricity, carpentry an iron metal wirk.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Departamento de Cultura de la Municipalidad de San Antonio.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]