River Dee, Dumfries an Gallowa

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River Dee
River
Dee at Tongland.jpg
View o the Dee at Tongland
Kintra Scotland
Region Dumfries an Gallowa
Offeecial nameLoch Ken & River Dee Marshes
Designatit31 August 1992
Tributaries
 - left Tarff Watter
 - right Watter o Ken
Sattlements Kirkcoubrie, Tongland, Brig o Dee, Glenlochar, Crossmickle, Parton
Soorce Loch Dee
Mooth Kirkcoubrie Bay
Lenth 61 km (38 mi)
Basin 1,050 km2 (405 sq mi)

The River Dee, Dee Watter, or Watter o Dee (Scots Gaelic: Dè / Uisge Dhè), in soothwast Scotland, flowes fae its soorce in Loch Dee amang the Gallowa Hills, first tae Clatteringshaws Loch, syne intae Loch Ken, whaur it jynes the Watter o Ken. Fae there, the Dee flowes 15 mile soothwart tae Kirkcoubrie, an intae Kirkcoubrie Bay tae reak the Solway Firth. The range is juist ower 38 mile in tot. Thegither wi its watters, the Dee's tot catchment aurie is ower 400 square miles.[1]

The Dee is teppit at Tongland, twa mile up the river fae Kirkcoubrie. This wis biggit as a pairt o the Galloway hydroelectric pouer scheme in the 1930s. At this site an aw is Tongland Brig, built in 1806 bi Thomas Telford.

The ruins o Threave Castle staund on an island on the lawer pairt o the Dee.

In Ptolemy's 2t century wark Geography it is recordit as Dēoúa. This form represents a development o the Proto-Indo-European leid *deiueh2- "a goddess" that occurs in mony Celtic river-names.[2]

The Dee haes been kent an aw as the Black Watter o Dee acause o its daurk colour in the streek abuin Loch Ken.

Loch Ken an the Dee Merses wis thegither designatit a Ramsar site on 21 August 1992.

Tarff Watter[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Tarff Watter incomes the Dee as a richt-bank watter near Tongland in the tidal streek o the Dee. The heidwatter burns o the Tarff souks the tract o the kintra atween the veelages o Clachanpuckle an Ringfuird includin Loch Mannoch. The river shoudna be confuised wi the seemilar name't Tarf Watter that is a watter o the River Blaidnoch forder wast in Gallowa.

The name 'Tarff' derives fae the Proto-Indo-European root *tauro- "bull, aurochs".[3] Bulls occur frequent in Celtic river-names, an thir names micht hae haed a mythological raither nor literal referent.[3][4] Like ither exemples o this name in soothren Scotland, 'Tarff' is Scots Gaelic in form, bit is likely tae derive in tour fae an earlier Cumbric leid cognate.[3][4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Description of river systems in Galloway:". Galloway Fisheries Trust. Archived frae the original on 24 Februar 2009.
  2. James, Alan G. (2014). The Brittonic Language in the Old North: A Guide to the Place-name Evidence (PDF). Volume 2: Guide to the Elements. p. 139. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 11 September 2014.
  3. a b c James, Alan G. (2014). The Brittonic Language in the Old North: A Guide to the Place-name Evidence (PDF). Volume 2: Guide to the Elements. pp. 352–353. Archived frae the original (PDF) on 11 September 2014.
  4. a b Watson, William J. (1926). The History of the Celtic Place-Names of Scotland. Edinburgh and London. p. 453.

Coordinates: 54°48′12″N 4°04′11″W / 54.8034°N 4.06975°W / 54.8034; -4.06975