Map o Cambodie heichlichtin Pailin
|• Total||803 km2 (310 sq mi)|
|• Density||88/km2 (230/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||KH-24|
Pailin (Khmer: ក្រុងប៉ៃលិន) is a province (khaet) in wastren Cambodie at the northren edge o the Cardamom Muntains near the border o Thailand. This province is surroondit bi Battambang Province, an wis offeecially carvit oot o Battambang tae acome a separate admeenistrative diveesion efter the surrender o the Ieng Sary faction o the Khmer Rouge in 1996. Pailin is kent tae hintle o the warld for haein lang been a stranghauld o the Khmer Rouge, remainin unner thair control lang efter thay wur defeatit in 1979 an servin frae 1994-1998 as the caipital o the "Proveesional Govrenment o Naitional Union an Naitional Salvation o Cambodie."
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Pailin wis oreeginally a smaw forest zone full o ainimal an several precious stones. Pailin is the transform wird frae the oreeginal Pan Len (Khmer:ភេលេង), referred bi a tale aboot aroond the 18t or 19t century, thare war a group o hunters who chased the wild ainimals farther an farther until thay reached the present-day Pailin whaur, then, wis o jungles o heich trees an some fields bi the canal which wis cried smaw river sic as Tong smaw river. The hunters saw otters that war swimming an thay ran away whan thay saw people. Then, the hunters went to see the place whaur the otters played thegither. Thay saw smaw bricht rocks an everybody teuk a rock to shaw thair friends an thair relatives in thair home land. Arrivin in the home land, thare war residents (it wis said thay war Kula people in Chanthaburi Province Siam) knew that the rocks war valuable sae thay teuk an broke the rocks to polish intae gems wi good purity. That wis why thay went to buy gems frae the hunters. The hunters knew that it wis way o earnin a livin, thay eften tried to go to tak the rocks frae the auld place. At that time, Pailin began to faced as the business place.
The frequent going an coming frae that place made them caw Phee Leng (Khmer:ភេលេង) due tae the playin o the otters that thay saw at the first time. But the residents in Siam pronoonced Phee as Phai(Khmer:ផេ) an Leng as Len (Khmer:ឡេន) or Lin wi thair Siamese soond as Pea Lean (Khmer:ផេឡេន). Durin the control o Fraunce o that aurie, it wis written in Laitin wi the soond an morphology o the wirds as Phailin. Later the wird wis shortened as Pailin bi omittin " H "ាaim o a difficult pronunciation.
In the late 1970s, Pailin wis a prosperous toun stemmin frae the extensive gem deposits in the surroondin kintraside. Acause o its resoorces, it wis ane o the first ceeties invadit bi the Khmer Rouge whan thay began thair major affensive against the naitional govrenment. The ceety affered nae resistance an the Khmer Rouge sodgers wur greetit as leeberators as thay maircht intae toun. At this pynt, the deposed keeng haed allee'd hissel wi the KR an maist residents believit that the KR wur fechtin tae restore him tae pouer. It wis no lang, tho, afore maist residents wur roondit up for a forcit mairch tae the kintraside tae wirk in rice paddies. Those believit tae hae connections tae the govrenment wur killed. The KR uised proceeds frae minin in the Pailin aurie tae fund thair affensive an later thair govrenment ance thay gained naitional pouer. When the invadin Vietnamese Airmy threw them frae pouer, thay retreatit tae Pailin, whare mony umwhile KR leaders haed remained.
Some leaders went intae hidin in fear o punishment for thair creemes, awtho ither leaders livit openly in the province. It is said that 70% o the aurie's aulder men wur fechters for the Khmer Rouge, but nane o the regular fechters hae yet been brocht tae juistice. As o September 2007, Pailin's remainin Khmer Rouge leaders wur bein roondit up tae face juistice bi an internaitional tribunal, includin Khieu Samphan an Nuon Chea.
In the recent years, Pailin suddenly meet the decline o Economy an Business. Housomeivver, a new wave o tourism began foond depend on its auncient temple, naitural forest, ainimals an especially the precious stanes.
Tourism Attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Wat Phnom Yat
- Wat Rattanak Sopoan
- Phnom Kiev Waterfaw (Blue Muntain)
Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]
Pailin's cultur is distinctly different frae maist o Khmer cultur. Accordin tae some data, Pailin's cultur is predominantly Burmese, an haes hintle in common wi that o the kintra o Burma. This affinity is shawn in the region's cuisine, dress, temple airchitectur, festivals an airts. The cultur can be seen as seemilar tae the cultur in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The fowk o Pailin are predominantly Kola. The Kola fowk oreeginally migratit frae Burma beginnin in 1876. Thare is some dispute as tae frae wha region o Burma the Kola oreeginatit, as thare is nae group in modren day Myanmar kent as the "Kola". Anither wave o migrants, the Shan arrivit frae Burma in the 1920s. Baith groups are kent for thair wirk in the precious gem business, which likely is wha attractit them tae Pailin.
In Pailin, thare are a few different kynds o fuids. Kola's fuid is destinct frae Burma's Cuisine as well. The maist popular Burmese style ane is Mee Kola (មីកុឡា) which is a vegetarian noodle dish made frae thin rice stick noodles, steamit an ceukit wi soy sauce an garlic chive, whiles mixed wi some meats an sma lobster. Ither dishes include Tom yum frae Thailand an Mon bananae puddin o Burma. Thir hae aw spread tae ither pairts o Thailand an Cambodie, but normally in versions which are flavored mair sweetly than the Pailin version, especially in Phnom Penh.
The Traditional claes o Pailin is Longyi, kent as Sarong an aw. The cloth is aften sewn intae a cylindrical shape. It is worn aroond the waist, runnin tae the feet. It is held in place bi fauldin fabric ower, athoot a knot. It is whiles fauldit up tae the knee for comfort an aw. Thir traditional "longyi" hae aboot 2 meters o in lenth o swan. The cloth is made o cotton an whiles frae silk. Kola men wear ankle-lenth patterns o checks, plaids or stripes "Longyi" in ony kynds o colour. The Men aaweys wear thair white eingyi shirt which haes a mandarin collar an whiles wear a traditional jacket cried taik-pon ower thair eingy an aw. It haes white, grey, black or terracotta colours. Thay put the gaung baung turban on thair heid an on thair feet wear semple rubber or velvet slippers.
For Kola weemen's cauf-lenth longyi are in solit colours, flouer prints an mony kynds o designs. Thay soften hae a reid based colour, wi pairtial stripes or vera sma checks seemilar tae what Mon wear. Thay aften hae horizontal or vertical stripes at the middle pairt an aw. Ryalty tradeetionally wore a lang dress cried "thin-dai" decoratit bi mony threads. It wis aaways worn bi a laird's dochter an the keeng o the province's lady. The weemen wears a bonnie blouse an a lovely shirt which is kent as eingyi. The shirt is decorated wi several colours an mony piece o siller. The shirt haes horizontal or vertical stripes at the middle pairt in some brawnnie colour an aw. Kola weemen tee a traditional shawl on thair eingyi as well as thay put the shawl on thair shoulders. Weemen tee a lovely baund on thair heid an wear brawnnie flouers in thair hair, allouin thair hair tae drop as a ponytail abuin thair shoulders. Thay whiles teuk a traditional umbrella made frae baboom wi them. The fuitwear is semple slippers o leather or velvet cried Hnyat-phanat.
Aw o thir costumes wur shiny wi bricht colours durin celebrations. The clothin is vera seemilar tae wha is worn bi the Shan in Burma.
The hooses in Pailin are biggit frae firth, aboot 8 cm tae 1 meter includes a wide door an in the middle o hoose, thare are the hermitages o Buddha an anithers spirit hoose. The Kola Fowk are fond o plantin roses in front o thair hames.
Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]
The surroondin aurie wis rich in a variety o gemstanes which wur mined amiast clean tae support the Khmer Rouge. Thay loggit the aurie extensively an aw, creatin great environmental damage.
Unlik maist o Cambodie, Pailin is componed primarily o uplands whare little rice is grown. This maks it vera difficult for fermers to rely on subsistence agricultur. Crop failurs trigger collection o fuid an gems frae the forests, increasin the nummer o land mine accidents. Mony fermers produce nan-traditional crops for the mercats, includin sesame, mung an soya. In 2003-04 it producit 17,204 tons o maize, the seicont-heichest production in the kintra.
Land mines[eedit | eedit soorce]
Pailin wis ane o the maist hivily mined aurie in the warld. Travellers are cautioned tae stay on markit roads. De-minin is ongoin wi UN help, which brings in some o the few foreigners that the locals encoonter.
Till 2001 Pailin wis pairt o Battambang Province, then elevatit tae ceety status, an then again tae provincial status an sicweys became an autonomous zone o its awn.
Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]
The province is dividit intae twa destricts:
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals" (PDF). National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning. 3 September 2008.
- "Decree creates three new provinces". khmerization.blogspot.com. December 2008.
- "2008 Royal Decree on changing of Pailin municipality to Pailin province" (in Khmer).
- "Key figures in the Khmer Rouge". BBC. September 19, 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-21.
- "Dance and Cultural Show". Flickr. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- "Traditional Costume in Myanmar". Travel blog. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-07.
- Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Agricultural Statistics, 2003-04 Royal Government of Cambodia, Phnom Penh, 2004.