Khmer leid

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Khmer
Cambodian
ភាសាខ្មែរ
Pronunciation IPA: [pʰiə.ˈsaː kʰmae]
Native tae Cambodie, Vietnam, Thailand
Ethnicity Khmer, Northren Khmer, Khmer Krom
Native speakers
16 million (2007)[1]
Early forms
Dialects
Khmer script (abugida)
Khmer Braille
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in

 Cambodie


 ASEAN[2]
Recognised minority
leid in
Regulatit bi Ryal Academy o Cambodie
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 km – Central Khmer
ISO 639-2 khm – Central Khmer
ISO 639-3 Either:
khm – Khmer
kxm – Northren Khmer
Glottolog khme1253  Khmeric[3]
cent1989  Central Khmer[4]
Linguasphere 46-FBA-a
Se asia lang map.png
  Khmer

Khmer (ភាសាខ្មែរ), or Cambodian, is the leid o the Khmer fowk an the offeecial leid o Cambodie. It is the seicont maist widely spaken Austroasiatic leid (efter Vietnamese), wi speakers in the tens o millions. Khmer haes been considerably influenced bi Sanskrit an Pali, inspecially in the ryal an releegious registers, throuch the vehicles o Hinduism an Buddhism. It is the earliest recordit an earliest written leid o the Mon-Khmer faimily an aa, predatin Mon an, bi a significant margin, Vietnamese. As a result o geographic proximity, the Khmer leid haes influenced, and an aa been influenced bi; Thai, Lao, Vietnamese an Cham mony o whilk aw form a pseudo-sprachbund in peninsular Southeast Asia, syne maist conteen heich levels o Sanskrit an Pali influences.[5]

Khmer haes its awn script, an abugida kent in Khmer as Aksar Khmer. Khmer differs frae neighborin leids lik Thai, Lao an Vietnamese in that it isna a tonal leid.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in Nationalencyklopedin
  2. "Languages of ASEAN". Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  3. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Khmeric". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Central Khmer". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  5. David A. Smyth, Judith Margaret Jacob (1993). Cambodian Linguistics, Literature and History: Collected Articles. Routledge (UK). p. 44. ISBN 0728602180.