Nicola Sturgeon

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Nicola Sturgeon

Independence Referendum transfer of power demanded (49241846623).jpg
First Meenister o Scotland
Assumed office
20 November 2014
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputeJohn Swinney
Precedit biAlex Salmond
Leader o the Scots National Pairty
Assumed office
14 November 2014
DeputeKeith Brown
Precedit biAlex Salmond
Deputy First Meenister o Scotland
In office
17 Mey 2007 – 19 November 2014
First MeenisterAlex Salmond
Precedit biNicol Stephen
Succeedit biJohn Swinney
Cabinet Secretar for Infrastructur, Investment an Ceeties
In office
5 September 2012 – 19 November 2014
First MeenisterAlex Salmond
Precedit biAlex Neil
Succeedit biKeith Brown
Cabinet Secretar for Heal an Wellbein
In office
17 Mey 2007 – 5 September 2012
First MeenisterAlex Salmond
Precedit biAndy Kerr
Succeedit biAlex Neil
Leader of the Opposeetion
In office
3 September 2004 – 17 Mey 2007
MonarchElizabeth II
First MeenisterJack McConnell
Precedit biJohn Swinney
Succeedit biJack McConnell
Depute Leader o the Scots National Pairty
In office
3 September 2004 – 14 November 2014
LeaderAlex Salmond
Precedit biRoseanna Cunningham
Succeedit biStewart Hosie
Memmer o the Scots Pairlament
for Glasgow Southside
Assumed office
6 Mey 2011
Precedit biConstituency creatit
Majority9,593 (38.5%)
Memmer o the Scots Pairlament
for Glesga Govan
In office
3 Mey 2007 – 5 Mey 2011
Precedit biGordon Jackson
Succeedit biConstituency abolished
Memmer o the Scots Pairlament
for Glesga
In office
6 Mey 1999 – 3 Mey 2007
Precedit biConstituency creatit
Succeedit biBob Doris
Personal details
BornNicola Ferguson Sturgeon
(1970-07-19) 19 Julie 1970 (age 50)
Irvine, Scotland
Poleetical pairtyScots National Pairty
Spoose(s)Peter Murrell
ResidenceBute House
Alma materVarsity o Glesga
ProfessionSolicitor

Nicola Ferguson Sturgeon (born 19 Julie 1970) is the current First Meenister o Scotland an leader o the Scots National Pairty (SNP), in office syne 20t November 2014. An Sturgeon wis the Deputy First Meenister frae 2007 tae 2014. She is the furst wuman tae haud aither poseetion, and is the fifth First Meenister. Sturgeon haes been a memmer o the Scots Pairlament syne 1999, first as an addeetional memmer for the Glesga electoral region frae 1999 tae 2007, an as the memmer for Glasgow Soothside syne 2007 (kent as Glesga Govan frae 2007 tae 2011).

A law graduate o the Varsity o Glesga, Sturgeon wirked as a solicitor in Glesga. Efter bein electit tae the Scots Pairlament, she served successively as the SNP's shadae meenister for eddication, heal an juistice. In 2004 she annoonced that she wad staund as a candidate for the SNP leadership follaein the resignin o John Swinney. Hounaiver, she later widrew frae the contest in favour o Alex Salmond, staundin insteid as depute leader on a jynt ticket wi Salmond.

Baith war subsequently electit, an as Salmond wis still an MP in the Hoose o Commons, Sturgeon led the SNP in the Scots Pairlament frae 2004 tae 2007. The SNP won the heichest nummer o seats in the Scots Pairlament in the 2007 election an Salmond wis subsequently appyntit First Meenister. He appyntit Sturgeon as Depute First Meenister an Cabinet Secretar for Heal an Wellbein. She wis appyntit as Cabinet Secretar for Infrastructur, Investment an Ceeties in 2012.

Follaein the defeat o the "Yes" campaign in the 2014 Scots unthirldom referendum, Salmond annoonced that he wad be resignin as pairty leader at the SNP pairty conference that November, an wad resign as First Meenister efter a new leader wis chysen.[1] Naebody else wis nominatit for the post bi the time nominations closed, leavin Sturgeon tae tak the party leadership unopponed at the SNP's annual conference. She wis formally electit tae succeed Salmond as First Meenister on 19 November.[2]

Sturgeon led the SNP in the 2015 general election, whaur the SNP teuk 56 of the 59 Scottis seats, thair heichest nummer o seats in the Hoose o Commons o the Unitit Kinrick. Thay teuk ower the Leeberal Democrats as the third maist muckle pairty in Wastmeenster and haed a 30% sweeng fae Labour.

Forbes magazine ranked Sturgeon as the 50t maist pouerfu wumman in the warld in 2016 an 2nt in the Unitit Kinrick.[3][4] In 2015, BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour declairt Sturgeon tae be the maist pouerful an influential wumman in the Unitit Kinrick.[5]

COVID–19 pandemic[eedit | eedit soorce]

The warldwide pandemic o COVID-19 happent durin Sturgeon's seicont term as First Meenister. Tae conteen an limit the nummer o affectit fowk in Scotland, Sturgeon an the Scots Govrenment pit in place measurs thit war advised bi NHS Scotland, stairtin wi mainteenin strict haund washin.[6] The first confirmed case o the virus in Scotland wis annooncit on 1 Mairch 2020, whan a Taysider testit positive. In the days follaein, Sturgeon pit forrit addeetional advice an guidance as the nummer o positive cases increased, but said thit closures o public places sic as schuils an shops "wad be leukit intae".[6]

Sturgeon annooncit tae the Scots Pairliament on 18t Mairch thit aw schuils an nurseries in Scotland wad close on 20t Mairch tae try an limit the spreid o the virus.[7] On 23rd Mairch, Sturgeon pit oot a statement, pittin Scotland on a "lockdoun", limitin the raisons fur how people micht leave thair hames in an ettlin tae limit the spreid o the virus, tae bield the halth o the population, as weel as tae tak the pressure aff NHS Scotland services an staff.[8] Oothrou 2020, restrictions hiv been adapted tae suit the pairts or aw o Scotland tae respond tae developments in the seetiation.[9]

Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Relatit airticles[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Libby Brooks (19 September 2014). "Alex Salmond's resignation could give Nicola Sturgeon her day of destiny". The Guardian (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  2. Campbell, Glenn (13 November 2014). "The transition from Alex Salmond to Nicola Sturgeon". BBC News (in Inglis). Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  3. "The World's 100 Most Powerful Women". Forbes (in Inglis). Forbes.com LLC. Retrieved 6 Juin 2016.
  4. "Nicola Sturgeon ranked second most powerful woman in UK". BBC News (in Inglis). 6 Juin 2016. Retrieved 6 Juin 2016.
  5. "Nicola Sturgeon tops Woman's Hour power list". BBC (in Inglis). Retrieved 1 Julie 2015.
  6. a b "Coronavirus: Some Scottish schools close for deep clean – BBC News" (in Inglis). Bbc.co.uk. 16 Mairch 2020. Retrieved 1 Juin 2020.
  7. "Coronavirus: Schools in Scotland and Wales to close from Friday – BBC News" (in Inglis). Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 1 Juin 2020.
  8. "Coronavirus: Nicola Sturgeon says new rules amount to 'lockdown' – BBC News" (in Inglis). Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 1 Juin 2020.
  9. SPICe (22 Januar 2021). "Timeline of Coronavirus (COVID-19) in Scotland". SPICe Spotlight | Solas air SPICe (in Inglis). Retrieved 28 Januar 2021.