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Leswalt is a veelage an ceevil pairish in the historical coonty o Wigtounshire in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland. It lies atween Portpaitrick and Stranrawer, in the Rhins o Gallowa. The pairish kivers aboot 8 square miles.
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
'Leswalt' is a name o unkent oreegins. Possible derivations for its name include the Welsh llys gwellt, meanin "gress court" or mebbe Scots Gaelic lios uillt, meanin "fort o the glen", referin tae Lochnaw Castle.
In the Middle Ages, the aurie wis likely dividen intae feudal baronys, ilk controlt bi a Baron o the Coort, unner the oweraw control o the Shirra o Wigtounshire. In auncient times it belangt tae the monks o Tongland Aibey.
In 1390, Archibald Douglas, 3rd Yerl o Douglas grantit launds at Leswalt tae his illegeetimate son or kin, William Douglas o Leswalt. William Douglas wis sel-styled "Laird o Leswalt", an Shirra o Wigton, bit wis dimitit bi Margaret, Duchess o Touraine, dochter o Keen Robert III o Scotland an guidwife o Archibald Douglas, 4t Yerl o Douglas, as a pairt o a pouer struggle in soothwast Scotland. Unner fear he transfert launds at Lochnaw til Andrew Agnew, constable o Lochnaw Castle, receivin Cruggleton Castle in exchange.
Andrew Agnew hid been made hereditary constable o Lochnaw Castle bi William Douglas o Leswalt in 1426. He received several chairters fae King James I o Scotland, includin ane o 31 Januar 1431, confirmin tae him an his heirs the office o heritable constable o Lochnaw, an the hale launds and "Barony o Lochnaw". In 1451 Andrew Agnew wis confirmt as Hereditary Shirra o Wigtounshire. In 1458 he wis peyed as shirra.
In 1463 whan George Douglas o Leswalt (son o William Douglas o Leswalt an Katherine Maxwell) dee'd, the launds o Leswalt and Cruggletoun revertit til the Croun, as a consequence o the forfietur o aw the houdins o William Douglas, 8t Yerl o Douglas in 1456. Thay wis appropriatit bi Mary o Guelders, the Queen Mither, weedae o King James II o Scotland, an wis subsequent claimt bi Gilbert Kennedy, 1st Laird Kennedy, a hauf-brither tae George Douglas, for his son, John Kennedy, 2t Laird Kennedy. Thir anes passt tae his son, David Kennedy, 1t Yerl o Cassilis.
Saut wis produce't at Salpans Bay in Leswalt fae 1637.
Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]
Pairish kirk[eedit | eedit soorce]
The Auld Kirk o Leswalt, noo ruint, is o medieval oreegin, haein been gien tae the monks o Tongland Aibey in the 14t century. The neebourin Agnew Aisle dates fae the 17t century. In 1828 the praisent kirk wis built an the auld ane abandont.
Lochnaw Castle[eedit | eedit soorce]
Lochnaw Castle wis hame til the Agnew Faimily. The ruins o the Auld Castle staund on an island in Lochnaw Loch, and date til the 13t century. The praisent castle incorporates a 16t century tour hoose, bit is maistly the upshot o remodelin in the 18t century.
Historical sites[eedit | eedit soorce]
Rev. George Wilson's Archaeological and Historical Collections Relating to Ayrshire and Galloway leets forts an Leswalt:
- a) Lashindarroch on Knock-na-maize circular fort
- b) Twa anes on Port Slogan
- c) Larbrax fort wi twa traverses at the Kemp's Walk
- d) Salpans Bay fort
- e) Heich Auchneel, no on the OS map
- f) Aldouran Glenheid fort, cried the Kemps' Graffs
- g) Tor o Craigoch circular fort wi ootby defences.
Ither sites[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Labrax fort is an Airn Age fort that stuid leukin ower Broadsea Bay (Labrax Strand) an Labrax Fort Cove.
- Kemp's Walk (likely Labrax Fort, Labrax Strand), Meikle Larbrax, on a lairge promontory. Thare is an ingang (Larbrax Fort Cove) near the eastren side.
- An auncient dun leukin ower Kllantringan Bay (Kilringan Bay on 1782 map).
- Killantringan Lichthoose wis built about 1889. The name Killantringan is derived fae "Ringan's (or Ninian's) cell).
- An Airn-Age fort stuid leukin ower Salpans Bay.
- Heich Auchneel.
- Sir Andrew Agnew's moniment sits an tap o the Tor o Craigoch, a prehistoric hill fort abuin Leswalt veelage provides a fine view.
- The island in Lochnaw (o Loch Naw), a loch that his been soukit an refillt in its lang lifespan, aince haudit an 11t century castle fort, taen an demolisht in 1390 bi Archibald Douglas, 3rd Yerl o Douglas (Airchibald the Grim)
- A mote stuid by the side o Loch Naw. In 1791 Sir Stair Agnew uised its materials tae form a new approach.
- Galdenoch Castle, dated 1547, wis the hame o Gilbert Agnew o Lochnaw until 1570.
Gailerie[eedit | eedit soorce]
Leetit biggins in Leswalt[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Lochnaw Castle, With Terrace, Gatepiers, Courtyard Walls, Bell, Monument And Pavilion
- Lochnaw, Garden House
- Lochnaw, Kathleen Cottage And Gatepiers
- Lochnaw, Kinsale Tower
- Larbrax Schoolhouse And Hall (Former School)
- Lochnaw, Noel Lodge
- Lochnaw, Old Lochnaw Castle
- House Of Knock
- Meikle Galdenoch, Farmhouse, With Boundary Walls
- Beach Lodge, With Boundary Walls
- Craigencross, With Boundary Wall
- Lochnaw, Boathouse
- Agnew Monument
- Galdenoch Castle
- Lochnaw, Larbrax Lodge
- Old Leswalt Church And Graveyard
- Leswalt Parish Church, With Boundary Walls And Gatepiers
- Lochnaw, Bridge Over Mill Isle Burn
- Lochnaw, Walled Garden
- Aldouran Lodge
- Galdenoch Mill
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Registrum magni sigilli regum Scotorum : The register of the Great seal of Scotland, A.D. 1306-1668". Edinburgh : General register house. 12 August 1882. Retrieved 12 August 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- "Rotuli scaccarii regum Scotorum = The Exchequer rolls of Scotland". Edinburgh : H.M. General Register House. 12 August 1878. Retrieved 12 August 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- "Leswalt Old Parish Church". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Old Lochnaw Castle". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Lochnaw Castle". Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Archæological and historical collections relating to Ayrshire & Galloway". Edinburgh, Printed for the Ayrshire and Galloway archæological association. 12 August 1878. Retrieved 12 August 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- "Salt Pans Bay". Mapcarta. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- Description of Ancient Forts, etc. in Wigtownshire by Rev. George Wilson, in Archaeological and historical collections relating to Ayrshire and Galloway. p. 63.
- "'Kemp's Walk', Meikle Larbrax | Canmore". canmore.org.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 18 Mairch 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "High Auchneel | Canmore". canmore.org.uk. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "AGNEW MONUMENT (Category B) (LB10115)". Retrieved 20 December 2018.
[eedit | eedit soorce]
Media relatit tae Leswalt at Wikimedia Commons
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