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Homs ceety landmarks The Khalid ibn al-Walid mosque  •The interior of the Khalid ibn al-Walid mosque  • The Atassi quairter in the Auld Ceety o Homs Homs ceety centre •The Auld clock square •The Kirk o Saunt Elian
Nickname(s): The ceety o Ibn al-Walid
Homs is locatit in Syria
Location in Sirie
Coordinates: 34°43′51″N 36°42′34″E / 34.73083°N 36.70944°E / 34.73083; 36.70944
Kintra  Sirie
Govrenorate Homs Govrenorate
Destrict Homs Destrict
Settled 2000 BC
 • Govrenor Ghassan Mustafa Abdul-Aal[1]
 • Preses o Ceety Cooncil Nadia Kseibi
 • City 48 km2 (19 sq mi)
 • Urban 76 km2 (29 sq mi)
 • Metro 104 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation 501 m (1,644 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Ceety 823,000
Time zone EET (UTC+3)
 • Simmer (DST) EEST (UTC+2)
Aurie code(s) 31
Wabsteid http://www.homscitycouncil.org.sy

Homs or Hims (Arabic: حمص‎, Homs or Ḥims; previously Greek: Ἔμεσα, Emesa[2]) is a ceety in wastren Sirie an the caipital o the Homs Govrenorate. It is 501 metres (1,644 ft abuin sea level an is locatit 162 kilometres (101 mi) north o Damascus.[3] Locatit on the Orontes River, Homs is an aa the central link atween the interior ceeties an the Mediterranean coast.

Homs did no emerge intae the licht o history till the 1st century BC at the time o Seleucids. It later became the caipital o a kinrick ruled bi the Emesani dynasty who gae the ceety its name. Oreeginally a pagan centre o worship for the Sun god El-Gabal, it later gained importance in Christianity unner the Byzantines. It wis conquered bi the Muslims in the 7t century an made caipital o a destrict that bore its current name. Throughoot the Islamic era, Muslim dynasties contendin for control o Sirie sought efter Homs due tae the ceety's strategic poseetion in the aurie. It began tae decline unner the Ottomans an anerlie in the 19t century did the ceety regain its economic importance when its cotton industry boomed.

The day, Homs is a major industrial centre in Sirie, an wi a population o 1,500,000, it is the third lairgest ceety in the kintra. Its population reflects Sirie's general releegious diversity, componed maistly o Arabic-speakin Sunni Muslims, wi a Christian minority. The ceety boasts a nummer o historic mosques an kirks an is near the Krak des Chevaliers, a Warld Heritage Steid.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

"Emesa" is a compund o "Ham-Es", wi the Es representin an assemblage o the locally-revered sun god in (El-Gabal) in auncient times.[4] The name "Emesa" or "Hemesa" is an aa attributit tae "Emesenoi", the name o the Arab tribe that ruled the aurie afore its incorporation intae the Roman Empire.[5] When the name o the tribe became attached tae the ceety is indiscernible, but is generally thocht tae hae been uised unner the Romans.[6]

"Emesa" wis shorten tae "Homs" or "Hims" bi its Arab indwallers, mony o whom settled thare prior tae the Muslim conquest o Sirie.[6][7] This name haes been preserved throughoot the period o Islamic rule continuin tae the present day. It wis kent as "la Chamelle" bi the Crusaders, awtho thay niver ruled the ceety.[8][9] A seicont possibility aboot the oreegin o the ceety's modren name is that it is an Arabic form o the ceety's Laitin name "Emesus", derived frae the Greek "Emesa" or "Emesos".[10]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. H. Zain/ H.Said / Al-Ibrahim (21 April 2011). "President al-Assad Swears in Homs New Governor". Syrian Arab News Agency. Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  2. Vailhé, Siméon (1909). "Emesa". Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  3. "Distance Between Main Syrian Cities". HomsOnline. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 
  4. Bryant, Jacob (1807). A New System; or, an Analysis of Antient Mythology. Volume I. W. Marchant. 
  5. Ball, 2000, pp. 34–35.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Dumper, 2007, p. 171.
  7. Gibbon and Ockley, 1870, p.177.
  8. Grousset, René. Histoire des Croisades III. p. 18. 
  9. Jackson, Peter (2007). The Seventh Crusade, 1244-1254: Sources and Documents. Ashgate Publishing. p. 256. ISBN 978-0-7546-5722-4. 
  10. Room, 2006, p.167.
  11. Câmara Municipal de Belo Horizonte. "Lei nº 8.272, de 26 de dezembro de 2001" (in Portuguese). Retrieved February 20, 2009. 
  12. "Aksaray". Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20 February 2009. 
  13. The Syrian-Iranian Joint Supreme Committee meetings (in Arabic), Alwehda Publications, 2009-03-08, retrieved 2010-11-09 

Citit soorces