Haidintoun

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Haidintoun
Haddington.jpg
A view o Haidintoun
Haidintoun is locatit in East Lowden
Haidintoun
Haidintoun
Haidintoun shawn within East Lowden
Population 9,944 
OS grid reference NT511739
Ceevil pairish
  • Haidintoun
Cooncil aurie
Lieutenancy aurie
  • East Lowden
Kintra Scotland
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Post toun HADDINGTON
Postcode destrict EH41
Diallin code 01620
Polis Scots
Fire Scots
Ambulance Scots
EU Pairlament Scotland
UK Pairlament
Scots Pairlament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°57′29″N 2°46′26″W / 55.958°N 2.774°W / 55.958; -2.774Coordinates: 55°57′29″N 2°46′26″W / 55.958°N 2.774°W / 55.958; -2.774

The Ryal Burgh o Haidintoun (Inglis: Haddington) is a toun in East Lowden, Scotland. It is the main admeenistrative, cultural an geografical centre for East Lowden, that as a result o late-nineteent century Scots local govrenment reforms, actually teuk the form o the coonty o Haidintounshire for the period frae 1889-1921. It lies aboot 20 miles (32 km) east o Edinburgh. The name Haidintoun is Anglo-Saxon, datin frae the saxt or seivent century AD[1] whan the aurie wis incorporatit intae the kinrick o Bernicie. The toun, lik the rest o the Lowden region, wis cedit bi Keeng Edgar o Ingland an becam pairt o Scotland in the tent century. Haidintoun received burghal status, ane o the earliest tae dae sae, in the ring o David I (1124–1153),[2] giein it treddin richts that encouraged its growthe intae a mercat toun.

The day Haidintoun is a smaw toun wi a population o fewer nor 12,000 fowk; awtho in the Heich Middle Ages, it wis the fowert-biggest ceety in Scotland efter Aiberdeen, Roxburgh an Edinburgh. In the middle o the toun is the Toun Hoose, biggit in 1748 accordin tae a plan bi William Adam. Whan first biggit, it inheld a cooncil chaumer, jyle an shirra coort, tae that assemmly rooms war addit in 1788, an a new clock in 1835. Nearby is the Corn Exchange (1854) an the Coonty Coorthoose (1833). Ither nearbi notable steids include the Jane Welsh Carlyle Hoose, Mitchell's Close an the birthplace o author an govrenment reformer Samuel Smiles on the High Street; merkit bi a commemorative plaque.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Book:- Jones, Charles (1997). The Edinburgh History of the Scots Language. Edinburgh University Press. p. 57. ISBN 0-7486-0754-4. 
  2. Beuk:- Gray, W. Forbes (1944). A Short History of Haddington. East Lothian Antiquarian and Field Naturalist’s Society. p. 1. ISBN 0-907590-54-3.