Dubrovnik

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Dubrovnik
Ceety
Ceety o Dubrovnik
Grad Dubrovnik
The wawed ceety o Dubrovnik
The wawed ceety o Dubrovnik
Banner o Dubrovnik
Banner
Coat of airms o Dubrovnik
Coat airms
Eik-name(s): 
"Pearl o the Adriatic", "Thesaurum mundi"
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Coordinates: 42°38′25″N 18°06′30″E / 42.64028°N 18.10833°E / 42.64028; 18.10833Coordinates: 42°38′25″N 18°06′30″E / 42.64028°N 18.10833°E / 42.64028; 18.10833
KintraCroatie
CoontyDubrovnik-Neretva Coonty
Govrenment
 • MayorAndro Vlahušić (CPP)
Area
 • Ceety21.35 km2 (8.24 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Ceety42,641
 • Urban
28,113
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
20000
Area code(s)020
Vehicle registrationDU

Dubrovnik (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈdǔbroːʋniːk]) (Italian: Ragusa), is a Croatian ceety on the Adriatic Sea coast poseetioned at the terminal end o the Isthmus o Dubrovnik. It is ane o the maist prominent tourist destinations on the Adriatic, a seaport an the centre o Dubrovnik-Neretva coonty. Its population wis 43,770 in 2001,[2] doun frae 49,728 in 1991.[3] In 1979, the ceety o Dubrovnik jyned the UNESCO leet o Warld Heritage Steids.

The prosperity o the ceety o Dubrovnik haes aaways been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages, as the Republic o Ragusa, an aa kent as Maritime Republic (thegither wi Amalfi, Pisa, Genoa, Venice an ither ceeties), it becam the anerlie eastren Adriatic ceety-state tae rival Venice. Supportit bi its walth an skilled diplomacy, the ceety achieved a remarkable level o development, parteecularly durin the 15t an 16t centuries. Awbeit demilitarised in the 1970s wi the intent o foriver protectin it frae war devastation, in 1991, efter the breakup o Yugoslavie, it wis besieged bi Serb-Montenegrin forces for 7 month an hivily damaged bi shellin.

Name[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Croatian, the ceety is kent as Dubrovnik; in Italian as Ragusa, an its historical name in Greek is Raiyia (Ραυγια) or Ragousa (Ραγουσα).

The current Croatian name wis offeecially adoptit in 1918 efter the faw o Austrick–Hungary. It is an aa referred tae as Dubrovnik in the first offeecial document o the treaty wi the Bosnian Ban Kulin.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns - sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Dubrovnik is twinned wi:[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011, First Results by Settlements" (HTML). Statistical Reports (in Croatian and English). Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics (1441). Juin 2011. ISSN 1332-0297. Retrieved 15 September 2011.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "Population by ethnicity, by towns/municipalities, census 2001". Crostat - Croatia Central Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Archived frae the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 15 Februar 2010.
  3. "Encyclopedia, Dubrovnik". A&E Television Networks, History.com. Funk & Wagnalls' New Encyclopedia. World Almanac Education Group. Archived frae the original on 14 Februar 2010. Retrieved 14 Februar 2010.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 "Gradovi prijatelji Grada Dubrovnika" (in Croatian). Grad Dubrovnik. Retrieved 26 August 2009.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)[deid airtin]
  5. "Twin Towns - Graz Online - English Version". www.graz.at. Retrieved 5 Januar 2010.
  6. [1]