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Skyline of Baikonur
Offeecial seal o Baikonur
Baikonur is locatit in Kazakhstan
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 45°37′0″N 63°19′0″E / 45.61667°N 63.31667°E / 45.61667; 63.31667


Roushie - rentit an admeenistrated
Foondit 1955
Incorporatit (ceety) 1966
 • Total 57 km2 (22 sq mi)
Elevation 100 m (300 ft)
Population (2006)
 • Tot 70,000
Time zone UTC+6 (UTC+6)
Aurie code(s) +7 73622

Baikonur (Kazakh: Байқоңыр, Bayqoñır; [Байконур, Baykonur] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)), umwhile kent as Leninsk, is a ceety in Kazakhstan, rentit an admeenistered bi the Roushie Federation. It wis constructit tae service the Baikonur Cosmodrome an wis offeecially renamit Baikonur bi Roushie preses Boris Yeltsin on December 20, 1995.

The shape o the aurie rentit is an ellipse, measurin 90 kilometres east tae wast, bi 85 kilometres north tae sooth, wi the cosmodrome at the centre.

The oreeginal Baikonur (Kazakh for "wealthy brown", i.e. "fertile land wi mony herbs") is a mining toun a few hunder kilometres northeast, near Dzhezkazgan in Kazakhstan's Karagandy Province. Stairtin wi Vostok 1 in Aprile 1961, the launch steid wis gien this name tae cause confusion an keep the location secret. (The oreeginal Baikonur's residents teuk advantage o the confusion bi orderin an receivin much scarce materials afore govrenment offeecials discovered the deception.)[1]:284 The new Baikonur's railwey station predates the base an retains the auld name o Tyuratam.

The fortunes o the ceety hae varied accordin tae those o the Soviet/Roushie space program an its Baikonur Cosmodrome.

The Soviet govrenment established the Nauchno-Issledovatel'skii Ispytatel'nyi Poligon N.5 (NIIIP-5), or Scienteefic-Research Test Range N.5 bi its decree o 12 Februar 1955. The U-2 heich-altitude reconnaissance plane foond an photographed for the first time the Tyuratam missile test range (cosmodrome Baikonur) on 5 August 1957. See richt for a composite satellite image o the early Tyuratam launch complex, the cosmodrome (30 Mey 1962).

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Template:Military testin centers in Kazakhstan