Pavlodar

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Pavlodar
Павлодар
Mashkhur Jusup Central Mosque in Pavlodar
Mashkhur Jusup Central Mosque in Pavlodar
Banner o Pavlodar
Banner
Coat o airms o Pavlodar
Coat o airms
Pavlodar is locatit in Kazakhstan
Pavlodar
Pavlodar
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 52°18′N 76°57′E / 52.300°N 76.950°E / 52.300; 76.950
Kintra Kazakhstan
Province Pavlodar Province
Established 1720
Incorporatit 1861
Govrenment
 • Akim (mayor) Bakauov, Bolat Zhumabekovich
Aurie
 • City 400 km2 (200 sq mi)
 • Urban 100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation 123 m (404 ft)
Population (2010 [2])
 • Ceety 353 930[1]
 • Density 798.5/km2 (2,068/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+6 (UTC+6)
Postal code 140000 - 140017
Aurie code(s) +7 7182
Wabsteid http://www.pavlodar.gov.kz
Foontain in riverside pairk
Amateur racin in dountoun Pavlodar on "Ceety Day" 2006
Mosque, Pavlodar

Pavlodar (Kazakh an Roushie: Павлодар) is a ceety in northeastren Kazakhstan an the caipital o Pavlodar Province. It is locatit 450 km northeast o the naitional caipital Astana, an 405 km sootheast o the Roushie ceety o Omsk alang the Irtysh River. As o 2010, the ceety haes a population o 331710.[2] The population o Pavlodar is componit predominantly o ethnic Roushies an Kazakhs wi significant Ukrainian, German an Tatar minorities. The ceety is servit bi Pavlodar Airport.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane o the auldest ceeties in northren Kazakhstan, Pavlodar wis foondit in 1720 as Koryakovsky, an Imperial Roushie ootpost. The dounset wis creatit tae establish control ower the region's salt lochs, an important soorce o valuable salt. In 1861 the dounset wis renamit Pavlodar an incorporatit as a toun. Pavlodar's significance wis due in lairge measur tae the substantial agricultural an salt-producin industries that haed developit thare despite the toun's relatively smaw population. Pavlodar's population numbered anerly aboot 8,000 in 1897. The name Pavlodar signifees The Gift o Paul, an wis chosen tae commemorate the birth o the Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich o Roushie.[3]

Efter 1955, the Soviet Govrenment's Virgin Lands Campaign providit the impetus for the rapid growthe an development o modren Pavlodar. As pairt o the program, lairge nummers o young men an weemen frae throuoot the Soviet Union settled in the ceety, rapid industrial an commercial expansion follaeed. Frae the mid-1960s on, Pavlodar grew tae acome a major industrial centre o baith the Kazakh SSR an o the Soviet Union; the lairgest local industries are the manufactur o ferm machinery, aluminum, an industrial chemicals; an ile refinery wis completit in 1978. Acause o a major airms an armour manufacturin facility locatit in the ceety, Pavlodar wis closed tae foreigners till 1992.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

An embankment on the Irtysh River

Pavlodar haes a temperate continental climate wi lang, cauld winters an het simmers. The average temperatur in Januar is −15.8 °C (4 °F) wi absolute observit laws reachin −45 °C (−49 °F) tae −47 °C (−53 °F). In Julie the temperatur averages 21.5 °C (71 °F). Yearly precipitation amoonts tae 303 mm (12 in).

Climate data for Pavlodar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
4.0
(39.2)
24.6
(76.3)
33.0
(91.4)
38.0
(100.4)
40.8
(105.4)
42.0
(107.6)
40.6
(105.1)
36.1
(97)
29.2
(84.6)
17.9
(64.2)
7.2
(45)
42
(107.6)
Average heich °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
12.5
(54.5)
21.1
(70)
26.6
(79.9)
28.0
(82.4)
25.9
(78.6)
19.1
(66.4)
10.5
(50.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
−8
(18)
9.39
(48.95)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
5.6
(42.1)
14.0
(57.2)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
19.0
(66.2)
12.2
(54)
4.3
(39.7)
−6.0
(21.2)
−12.8
(9)
3.31
(37.97)
Average law °C (°F) −20.6
(−5.1)
−20
(−4)
−12
(10)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
12.8
(55)
15.3
(59.5)
12.6
(54.7)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−10.0
(14)
−17.4
(0.7)
−2.27
(27.88)
Record law °C (°F) −45
(−49)
−42.8
(−45)
−37.2
(−35)
−27.2
(−17)
−6.1
(21)
−2.2
(28)
4.2
(39.6)
0.0
(32)
−9
(16)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−40
(−40)
−43.9
(−47)
−45
(−49)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.79)
16
(0.63)
13
(0.51)
18
(0.71)
28
(1.1)
31
(1.22)
55
(2.17)
32
(1.26)
21
(0.83)
25
(0.98)
23
(0.91)
21
(0.83)
303
(11.93)
Average rainy days 0.7 0.5 3 8 12 12 15 12 11 10 4 1 89.2
Average snowy days 18 15 11 3 0.1 0 0 0 0.1 3 12 18 80.2
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 80 62 54 55 60 61 63 71 80 80 68.7
Soorce: pogoda.ru.net[4]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety's population is 331,119 (as o 1 Januar 2012), an the extendit urbanisit aurie haes 342,321 indwallers.[5]

Ethnic groups are as follaes (as o 1 Januar 2010):[6][7]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2012 Pols rollin stock manufacturer Pesa Bydgoszcz annooncit its intentions tae big a tram assembly plant in Pavlodar, in conjunction wi the ceety's plans tae buy up tae 100 new trams frae the manufacturer tae shore up its agin public transport infrastructur.[8]

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

FC Irtysh is a Kazakh fitbaa club based at the Tsentralny Stadium in Pavlodar. Anither notable club formerly based in Pavlodar, FC Energetik, haes syne relocatit tae Ekibastuz.

The Chess Federation o Pavlodar organises frequent ceety-wide competitions sic as «Pavlodar Open 2007» an «The Pavlodar Regional Cup», a fast chess competeetion.[9] Several FIDE masters, an grandmasters includin Rinat Zhumabayev, Pavel Kotsur, Yuri Nikitin Vladimir Grebenshikov, an Yelena Ankudinova, pairticipate regularly in the events.

Infrastructur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Public transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pavlodar haes an 86 km streetcar (tram) netwirk, which began service in 1965 wi, as o 2012, 20 regular an 3 special routes. The netwirk haes a 60% share o the local public transport mercat. Housomeivver its fleet o 115 trams are due tae be replacit. In 2012 the ceety annooncit plans tae purchase 100 new trams in conjunction wi the construction o a new tram factory bi Pols manufacturer PESA SA. In addeetion, Pavlodar haes bus an minibus (marshrutka) service.[8][10]

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Several varsities are locatit in Pavlodar, amang thaim:

  • Pavlodar State Varsity (namit efter S. Toraigyrov)
  • Pavlodar State Pedagogical Institute

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Pavlodar Province