The Euphrates river seen frae Abu Kamal
|Govrenorate||Deir ez-Zor Govrenorate|
|Destrict||Abu Kamal Destrict|
|Elevation||175 m (574 ft)|
|Population (2008 est)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
Al-Bukamal or Al-Bu-Kamal (Arabic: البوكمال , Turkis: Ebu Kemal or Kışla), referred to as Abu Kamal an aw, is a city in eastren Sirie on the Euphrates River near the border with Iraq. The Euphrates divides Al-Bukamal into two areas: Shamiyya (belonging to the Levant) and Jazira (belonging to Mesopotamie) Al-Jazira, a plains region found on northeastren Sirie and northwestren Iraq, quite destinct frae the Sirie Desert and lawer-lyin central Mesopotamie. Al-Bukamal is an economically prosperous fermin region with cattle-breedin, cereals, an cotton crops. It is hame tae the historical steid Dura-Europos an the auncient kinrick o Mari an aw.
Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]
Durin the Ottoman time, Al-Bukamal wis cried kışla, pronounced locally as "qashla", which is a Turkis word for "military barracks". This name "Qashla" is still uised by some inhabitants of the area, especially by elderly villagers. The name "Al-Bukmal" (Arabic: البوكمال) means "the family of Kamal", Kamal being the tribe that lives there, whereas the name Abu Kamal means "the father of Kamal".
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
During the early Islamic Empire, the admeenistration of Jazira was after shared with that of Armenie. At the time of Mu'awiyah (govrenor of Sirie an the later founder of the Umayyad Caliphate), the administration of al-Jazira was included in theadministration of Sirie.
In the 17'th century, Abukamal was the seat of an Ottoman sanjak in the Eyalet o Ar Ruha, modren Şanliurfa. It was a kaza centre in Zor Mutasarrıflığı (Destrict o Zor), which center was Deir ez-Zor before ending Ottoman rule in 1918.
France occupied Al-Bukamal together with Deir ez-Zor in 1921 an made it the seat of a large garrison. In 1946 it became part of independent Sirie. The region's position at the border of Sirie an Iraq, especially after the US invasion of Iraq, has made it an important commercial as well as political center.
American Attack[eedit | eedit soorce]
On Monday, 27 October 2008, four US helicopters caried out a raid on the vilage of Sukkariyeh in Al-Bukamal. It was the first kent raid inside Sirie by the US. News reports indicate that at least seven people were killed, four of them children. Al-Bukamal is located near tae Qaim, a crossin point for the Iraqi insurgency an the location o Operation Steel Curtain in November, 2005. The Sirie Foreign Meenister Walid Muallem statit that "Killing civilians in internaitional law means a terrorist aggression." 
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Abu Kamal (Arabic)