The Euphrates river seen frae Abu Kamal
|Govrenorate||Deir ez-Zor Govrenorate|
|Destrict||Abu Kamal Destrict|
|Elevation||175 m (574 ft)|
|Population (2008 est)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Simmer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
Al-Bukamal or Al-Bu-Kamal (Arabic: البوكمال , Turkis: Ebu Kemal or Kışla), referred tae as Abu Kamal an aw, is a ceety in eastren Sirie on the Euphrates River near the border wi Iraq. The Euphrates divides Al-Bukamal intae twa auries: Shamiyya (belonging tae the Levant) an Jazira (belonging tae Mesopotamie) Al-Jazira, a plains region foond on northeastren Sirie an northwestren Iraq, quite destinct frae the Sirie Desert an lawer-lyin central Mesopotamie. Al-Bukamal is an economically prosperous fermin region wi cattle-breedin, cereals, an cotton crops. It is hame tae the historical steid Dura-Europos an the auncient kinrick o Mari an aw.
Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]
Durin the Ottoman time, Al-Bukamal wis cried kışla, pronoonced locally as "qashla", which is a Turkis wird for "military barracks". This name "Qashla" is still uised bi some indwallers o the aurie, especially bi elderly villagers. The name "Al-Bukmal" (Arabic: البوكمال) means "the family of Kamal", Kamal bein the tribe that lives thare, whauras the name Abu Kamal means "the father of Kamal".
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
During the early Islamic Empire, the admeenistration of Jazira wis efter shared wi that of Armenie. At the time of Mu'awiyah (govrenor of Sirie an the later founder o the Umayyad Caliphate), the admeenistration of al-Jazira wis included in theadministration of Sirie.
In the 17'th century, Abukamal wis the seat of an Ottoman sanjak in the Eyalet o Ar Ruha, modren Şanliurfa. It wis a kaza centre in Zor Mutasarrıflığı (Destrict o Zor), which centre wis Deir ez-Zor afore endin Ottoman rule in 1918.
France occupied Al-Bukamal thegither wi Deir ez-Zor in 1921 an made it the seat o a lairge garrison. In 1946 it became pairt of independent Sirie. The region's poseetion at the border of Sirie an Iraq, especially efter the US invasion of Iraq, haes made it an important commercial as well as poleetical center.
American Attack[eedit | eedit soorce]
On Monday, 27 October 2008, fower US helicopters caried oot a raid on the vilage of Sukkariyeh in Al-Bukamal. It wis the first kent raid inside Sirie bi the US. News reports indicate that at least seiven fowk war killed, fower of them childer. Al-Bukamal is locatit near tae Qaim, a crossin pynt for the Iraqi insurgency an the location o Operation Steel Curtain in November, 2005. The Sirie Foreign Meenister Walid Muallem statit that "Killing civilians in internaitional law means a terrorist aggression." 
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Abu Kamal (in Arabic)