Abu Kamal

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Abu Kamal
The Euphrates river seen frae Abu Kamal
Abu Kamal is located in Syria
Abu Kamal
Abu Kamal
Location in Sirie
Coordinates: 34°27′13″N 40°56′12″E / 34.45361°N 40.93667°E / 34.45361; 40.93667
Kintra  Sirie
Govrenorate Deir ez-Zor Govrenorate
Destrict Abu Kamal Destrict
Elevation 175 m (574 ft)
Population (2008 est)
 • Total 66,589
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) +3 (UTC)

Al-Bukamal or Al-Bu-Kamal (Arabic: البوكمال‎ , Turkis: Ebu Kemal‎ or Kışla), referred tae as Abu Kamal an aw, is a ceety in eastren Sirie on the Euphrates River near the border wi Iraq. The Euphrates divides Al-Bukamal intae twa areas: Shamiyya (belonging tae the Levant) an Jazira (belangin tae Mesopotamie) Al-Jazira, a plains region consistin o northeastren Sirie an northwastren Iraq, quite destinct frae the Sirie Desert an lawer-lyin central Mesopotamie. Al-Bukamal is an economically prosperous fermin region wi cattle-breedin, cereals, an cotton crops. It is hame tae the historical steid Dura-Europos an the auncient kinrick o Mari an aw.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin the Ottoman time, Al-Bukamal wis cried kışla, pronooncit locally as "qashla", which is a Turkis wird for "military barracks". This name "Qashla" is still uised bi some inhabitants o the aurie, especially bi elderly veelagers. The name "Al-Bukmal" (Arabic: البوكمال) means "the family o Kamal", Kamal being the tribe that lives there, whereas the name Abu Kamal means "the faither o Kamal".

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin Roman times Al-Bukamal wis, as pairt o Mesopotamie, an important tradin post atween the Roman Empire an Indie. Conquered bi Zenobia, it became pairt o the kinrick o Palmira.

Durin the early Islamic Empire, the admeenistration o Jazira wis aften shared wi that o Armenie. At the time o Mu'awiyah (govrenor o Sirie an the later foonder o the Umayyad Caliphate), the admeenistration o al-Jazira wis includit in the admeenistration o Sirie.

In the 17t century, Abukamal wis the seat o an Ottoman sanjak in the Eyalet o Ar Ruha, modren Şanliurfa. It wis a kaza centre in Zor Mutasarrıflığı (Destrict o Zor), which center wis Deir ez-Zor afore endin o Ottoman rule in 1918.[1]

France occupied Al-Bukamal thegither wi Deir ez-Zor in 1921 an made it the seat o a lairge garrison. In 1946 it became pairt o independent Sirie. The region's position at the border o Sirie an Iraq, especially efter the US invasion o Iraq, haes made it an important commercial as well as poleetical center.

American Attack[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: 2008 Abu Kamal raid

On Monday, 27 October 2008, fower US helicopters carriet oot a raid on the veelage o Sukkariyeh in Al-Bukamal. It wis the first kent raid inside Sirie bi the US. News reports indicate that at least seiven fowk wur killed, fower o them childer.[2][3][4] Al-Bukamal is located near tae Qaim, a crossin point for the Iraqi insurgency an the location o Operation Steel Curtain in November, 2005. The Sirie Foreign Meenister Walid Muallem statit that "Killin ceevilians in internaitional law means a terrorist aggression." [5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]