Tuusula

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Tuusula
Municipality
Tuusulan kunta
The firthen kirk o Tuusula

Coat of arms
Location o Tuusula in Finland
Coordinates: 60°24′N 025°02′E / 60.400°N 25.033°E / 60.400; 25.033Coordinates: 60°24′N 025°02′E / 60.400°N 25.033°E / 60.400; 25.033
Kintra Finland
Region Uusimaa
Sub-region Helsinki sub-region
Foondit 1643
Seat Hyrylä
Veelages Jokela, Kellokoski
Government
 • Municipal manager Hannu Joensivu
Area(2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 225.46 km2 (87.05 sq mi)
 • Land 219.51 km2 (84.75 sq mi)
 • Water 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi)
Area rank 293rd lairgest in Finland
Population (2013-08-31)[2]
 • Total 38,012
 • Rank 29t lairgest in Finland
 • Density 0/km2 (0/sq mi)
Population bi native leid[3]
 • Finnish 96.4% (official)
 • Swadish 1.7%
 • Ithers 1.8%
Population bi age[4]
 • 0 tae 14 22.2%
 • 15 tae 64 67.1%
 • 65 or older 10.7%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 18.25%
Urbanisation 93.4%
Unemployment rate 5.6%
Website www.tuusula.fi

Tuusula (Finnish pronunciation: [tuːsulɑ]; Swadish: Tusby‎, [ˈtʉːsbyː]) is a municipality o Finland. It belangs tae the Helsinki sub-region o the Uusimaa region. The municipality haes a population o 37,233 (31 Januar 2011).[2]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuusula, lyin on the shores o Tuusulanjärvi lake, is locatit in the Uusimaa region. It covers an aurie o 225.46 square kilometres (87.05 sq mi) o which 5.95 km2 (2.30 sq mi) is watter.[1] The population density is 169.62 inhabitants per square kilometre (439.3 /sq mi).

Tuusula haes three population centers. The admeenistrative center is Hyrylä (aboot 19,500 residents), ither twa are Jokela (5,300 residents) an Kellokoski (4,300 residents). The remainin 4,400 residents are distributit tae the rural auries ootside o municipal centers.[6]

The neighborin communes are Vantaa tae the sooth, Nurmijärvi tae the wast, Hyvinkää tae the north, Mäntsälä an Järvenpää tae the north east, an Sipoo an Kerava tae the east.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie in wha is nou Tuusula wis locatit in the lairger municipality o Sipoo. In 1643, it became a separate parish in the municipality, an in 1653, it became a separate municipality. Tuusula's bundaries hae no aaways remained the same: in 1924 the municipality o Kerava split frae here; in 1950 the municipality o Korso wis split atween Tuusula, Kerava, an Sipoo; an in 1951 the municipality o Järvenpää split frae here.

Durin the Crimean War (1853–1856), a Roushie garrison wis stationed in wha is nou Hyrylä. The modren parish maistly developed aroond it.

The aurie haed aaways been a fairly fertile aurie, thus encouragin fermin. The development o ither industries began in 1795, when an ironwirks wis creatit in Kellokoski that functioned till the 1980s. The establishment o a railroad in Jokela furthered the growth.

Suin efter this industrial time anither aspect o Tuusulan history wis realized. The Tuusulanjärvi lake attracted mony airtists who wantit tae paint the bonnie landscape. Follaein the fuitsteps o Aleksis Kivi, the Finnish naitional poet who spent the last years o his life in a hut on the shores o the lake, Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho, an Pekka Halonen even established their main residences here. Recently these hooses hae become tourist steids, especially Sibelius' hoose Ainola. An aa, Tuusula Lake Road on the eastren shore o the lake is an ootside museum.

The Jokela rail crash wis a rail crash which occurred on 21 Aprile 1996 here.

Jokela Heich Schuil wis the steid o the Jokela schuil shuitin, a schuil shuitin which occurrit on November 7, 2007, leavin 9 deid (includin the 18-year-auld perpetrator, Pekka-Eric Auvinen).[7][8]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuusula, in the Helsinki suburbs, haes been in a positive balance o population, wi it mair than doublin in size syne 1970.

The municipality is offeecially Finnish. Swadish wis the seicont offeecial leid till 1943. The day anerlie 2% are Swadish-speakin.

Population in:

  • 1970 – 17.235
  • 1980 – 22.151
  • 1987 – 26.234
  • 1990 – 27.328
  • 1997 – 29.957
  • 2000 – 31.957
  • 2007 – 34.890

Twin ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy an Infrastructur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Due tae its proximity tae Helsinki, Tuusula is, for the maist pairt, a commuter toun. Tuusula itsel haes aroond 10,000 jobs. 66% o the jobs are in the service sector, 31% in the wirkforce, an 1.5% are fermers. The unemployment rate amoontit tae 3% (2007), far belaw the naitional average.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frae the center o Tuusula, Hyrylä, there are guid bus connections tae Helsinki, via the Tuusula motorwa. There are an aw twa train stations in the main railwa line o Finland, Jokela an Nuppulinna.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuusula's netwirk o schuils include:

  • 18 primary schuils
  • 4 secondary schuils
  • 3 high schuils
  • 1 hospital schuil

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  3. "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009. 
  4. "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009. 
  5. "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011. 
  6. Tuusulassa on kolme keskusta ja niitä ympäröivät maaseutualueet (Finnish)
  7. "Teen gunman dead from critical injuries who opened fire on Finnish classmates". CNN. 2007-11-07. Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2007-11-07. 
  8. "Fatal shooting at Finnish school". BBC News. 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2007-11-07. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Tuusula at Wikimedie Commons