Porvoo – Borgå
|Ceety richts||ca. 1380|
|• Ceety manager||Jukka-Pekka Ujula|
|• Total||2,139.19 km2 (825.95 sq mi)|
|• Land||654.70 km2 (252.78 sq mi)|
|• Water||1,484.49 km2 (573.16 sq mi)|
|Area rank||38t lairgest in Finland|
|• Rank||21st lairgest in Finland|
|• Density||0/km2 (0/sq mi)|
|Population bi native leid|
|• Finnish||64.9% (official)|
|• Swadish||31.6% (official)|
|Population bi age|
|• 0 tae 14||18.5%|
|• 15 tae 64||67%|
|• 65 or older||14.5%|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Municipal tax rate||19.25%|
Porvoo (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈporʋoː]; Swadish: Borgå [ˈbɔrɡo]) is a ceety an a municipality situatit on the soothren coast o Finland approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) east o Helsinki. Porvoo is ane o the sax medieval touns in Finland, first mentioned as a ceety in texts frae 14t century. Porvoo is the seat o the Swadish speakin Diocese o Borgå o the Evangelical Lutheran Kirk o Finland.
Table o contents
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
Porvoo wis first mentioned in documents in the early 14t century, an Porvoo wis given ceety richts aroond 1380, even tho accordin tae some sources the ceety wis foondit in 1346. The auld ceety o Porvoo wis formally disestablisht an the new ceety o Porvoo foondit in 1997 whan the ceety o Porvoo an the Landwart municipality o Porvoo wur consolidatit. Whan Swaden lost the ceety o Viborg tae Roushie in 1721, the episcopal seat wis muivit tae Porvoo. At this time, Porvoo wis the seicont lairgest ceety in Finland. Efter the conquest o Finland bi Roushie airmies in 1808 Swaden haed tae cede Finland tae Roushie in 1809 (the Treaty o Fredrikshamn). The Diet o Porvoo in 1809 wis a landmark in the History o Finland. The Tsar Alexander I confirmit the new Finnish constitution (which wis essentially the Swadish constitution frae 1772), an made Finland an autonomous Grand Duchy.
The Porvoo Common Statement is a report issued at the conclusion o theological conversations bi offeecial representatives o fower Anglican Kirks an aicht Nordic an Baltic Lutheran Kirks in 1989–1992. It establisht the Porvoo Communion, so namit efter the Porvoo Cathedral whaur the Eucharist wis celebratit on the feenal Sunday o the conversations leadin tae the Statement.
Name[eedit | eedit soorce]
The toun receivit its name frae a Swadish firth fortress near the river Porvoonjoki which flows throu the toun. The name Porvoo is the Fennicisit version o the Swadish name (Borgå) an its pairts o borg meanin "castle" an å "river".
Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]
Results o the Finnish pairlamentar election, 2011 in Porvoo:
- Swadish Fowkpairty 25.2%
- Social Democratic Pairty 19.2%
- Naitional Coalition Pairty 18.0%
- True Finns 16.5%
- Green League 7.7%
- Centre Pairty 5.3%
- Left Alliance 4.7%
- Christian Democrats 2.2%
Urban development[eedit | eedit soorce]
The town is famed for its "Old Town" (Gamla Stan in Swedish), a dense mediaeval street pattern with predominantly wooden houses. The Old Town came close to being demolished in the 19th century by a new urban plan for the city. The plan was cancelled due to a popular resistance headed by Count Louis Sparre
The central point of the old town is the medieval, stone and brick Porvoo Cathedral which gave its name to the Porvoo Communion – an inter-church agreement between a number of Anglican and Lutheran denominations. The cathedral was damaged by fire on 29 May 2006: the roof was totally destroyed but the interior is largely intact. A drunken youth had played with fire at the church, unaware of recent tarwork and nearby tarcontainers, accidentally causing a large fire. He was later sentenced to a short prison term and restitutions of 4.3 million Euro.
The red-coloured wooden storage buildings on the riverside are a proposed UNESCO world heritage site. Already by the early 19th century the authorities understood the value of the old town, and so with the need for growth a plan was made for a 'new town' built adjacent to the old town, following a grid plan but with houses also built in wood.
By the end of the 20th century there was pressure to develop the essentially untouched western side of the river. There was concern that growth would necessitate the construction of a second bridge across the river into the town, thus putting further strain on the wooden town. An architectral competition was held in 1990, the winning entry of which proposed building the second bridge. Plans for the western side of the river have progressed under the direction of architect Tuomas Siitonen, and both a vehicle bridge and a pedestrian bridge have been built. The design for new housing is based on a typology derived from the old store houses on the opposite side of the river. Yet another new development entails the construction of a large business park called King's Gate (Kuninkaanportti in Finnish, Kungsporten in Swedish), which is presently under construction.
Porvoo railway station does not receive regular train services, but special excursion trains from Kerava (either with steam locomotives or comprising former VR diesel railcars from the 1950s) operate on summer Saturdays.
Suomenkylä[eedit | eedit soorce]
Suomenkylä, or Finnby in Swadish, is a veelage north o the centre o Porvoo an beside the Porvoo river. Suomenkylä haes an auld schuil foondit bi Johannes Linnankoski in 1898. The veelage o Suomenkylä haes twa burial places frae Bronze Age an aw.
Kerkkoo[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kerkkoo, or Kerko in Swadish, is a veelage north o the centre o Porvoo an beside the Porvoo river. Kerkkoo haes an auld schuil which is ower 100 years auld an still active. Frae the veelage o Kerkkoo aircheologists an townspeople foond a stane axe frae the Bronze Age.
Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]
The local team Porvoon Akilles, or juist Akilles, plays in the heichest bandy diveesion an haes become Finnish champions twice.
Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]
Twin touns — Sister ceeities[eedit | eedit soorce]
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Area by municipality as of 1 Januar 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 Mairch 2011.
- "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.8.2013" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 Mairch 2009.
- "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 Dizember 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 Apryle 2009.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2011.
- Jaakkola, Marianne (2007-11-19). "Yleistä Porvoosta" (in Finnish). Porvoo: City of Porvoo. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- "Kerava-Porvoo Museum Train Timetable Summer 2009". Porvoo Museum Railway Society. Retrieved 14 October 2009.
- "The sister cities of Porvoo" (in Finnish). Porvoo City. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Porvoo.|
- Ceety Porvoo – Offeecial wabsteid
- Porvoo travel guide frae Wikivoyage
- King's Gate Business Park
- Porvoo Museum Railway – train service to/from Helsinki on summer Saturdays