Glesga (Inglis: Glasgow; Scots Gaelic: Glaschu) is Scotland's maist muckle ceity, on the River Clyde in wast-central Scotland. Folk in the wast o Scotland ken it as Glesga or Glesca an folk fae the east maistly caw it Glesga or Glesgae.
Table o contents
The Ceety o Glesga is kent as the commercial caipital o Scotland. Hit is a gey an thrang cosmopolitan European ceity. It haes a population o 1,700,000 doun frae its 1960s heichness o 2.1 million that's maist due tae owerskail o fowks intae new touns sic as East Kilbride an Cumbernauld.
The name comes frae the aulder Erse wird glas cu which in turn cam frae the Pecht leid (tak note o modren Gaelic Glaschu), that means green hollow. A "dear green steid" haes been aftimes misquotit as a Gaelic translation for the ceity, bit this wis actuallie Daniel Defoe's ootlinin o the ceity whan he cam in the early 18t century; he claimed that Glesga wis "the cleanest and beautifullest, and best built City in Britain, London excepted" an aa. At that time, the ceity wis biggit wi gey attractive, compact widden biggins, nane still staundin. Glesga is the thrid maist popular tourist destination in the UK ahint Lunnon an Edinburgh an it haes Britain's seicont lairgest shoppin centre.
Coat o airms
The coat o airms shaws Glesga's patron saunt, Saunt Kentigern forby kent as Saunt Mungo, an it his fower emblems - a bird, a tree, a bull, an a fish. The emblems represents miracles Saunt Mungo is said tae hae performed. The motto o the ceity is "Let Glasgow Flourish" an this is pairt o the airms. The motto comes frae Saunt Mungo's oreiginal sermon: "Let Glasgow flourish by the preaching of the word and the praising of thy name". The oreeginal version is written on a bell shaped in 1637 that says "Lord let Glasgow flovrichse throvgh the preaching of thy word and praising thy name".
Local bairns is teached tae mynd the airms uisin the follaein verse:
- Here's the bird that never flew
- Here's the tree that never grew
- Here's the bell that never rang
- Here's the fish that never swam
Foondin o the ceity
Glesga wis the steid o monie communities for centuries afore Christ, wi the River Clyde providing a guid settin for fishin. The Romans aft bug ootposts in ða airt an, tae haud Roman Britannia apairt frae the Celtic an Pecht Caledonia, bug the Antonine Waw, that can be seen in Glesga the day.
Glesga itsel wis foondit bi the Christian meesionar Saunt Mungo in the 6t century. He foondit a kirk on ða Molendinar Burn, whaur the Glasgow Cathedral nou staunds, an in the eftergangin years Glesga becam a releegious centre.
By the 12t century Glesga haed been gien the staundin o whit can nou be cryed a ceity an the cathedral wis the saite o the Bishops an Archbishops o Glesga. While there micht hae been widden biggins on the site, the first stane cathedral wis consecrate in aboot 1136 an gotten rid o for a muckler ane that wis consecrate in 1197. Extensions an alterins tae the cathedral biggins haes gaen on sinsyne. The maist recent addition is the Millenium Windae unveiled on 3 June 1999 by Princess Anne.
Varsitie o Glesga
In 1451 the Varsitie o Glesga wis foondit by papal bill an establisht in releigious biggins in the precincts o Glesga Cathedral. By the stairt o the 16t century, Glesga haed become an important releigious an academic ceity an by the 17t century the varsitie haed flittit frae the cathedral precincts til its ain biggin in the Hie Street.
Industrie an the Industrial Revolution
Bi the 16t century, the ceity's treds an craftsmen haed begoud tae wield signeeficant influence an the ceity haed become an important centre o troke wi the Clyde giein access tae the ceity an the lave o Scotland for merchand shippin. The ingate intil the Atlantic Ocean alloued the inbringin o American tobacca an Caribbean succar, that wis syne tredit athort the British Isles an continental Europe.
The de-siltin o the Clyde in the 1770s alloued lairger ships tae muive faurther up the river, thus layin the foonds for industrie an shipbiggin in Glesga in the 19t century.
The rowth o coal an iron in Lanrickshire led tae Glesga becomin an industrial ceity — in the hinder end named "The Seicont Ceity o the Empire". Cotton factories an textile mills becam employers o monie fowk in Glesga an the local airt.
Troke alloued muckle walth tae be generatit for some in the ceity. The merchands makkit spectacular biggins an monuments that can still be seen the day, an reinvested their money in industrial development for tae help Glesga growe further. In 1893 the burgh wis constitutit as the Coontie o the Ceity o Glesga. Glesga becam ane o the walthiest ceeties in the warld, an pairks, museums an libraries wis aa opened durin this time.
As weel as bein whit ye cry a bodie frae Glesga, Gleswegian is whit ye cry the byleid uised by monie in the ceity. Modren anglocentric snobbery means that the byleid is leukit upon as a shamefu thing yet athin it ye can find nae juist a walth o vocabular but the daurk humour foond in wry turns o phrase that comes frae a profoond common experience. A Gleswegian in full flowe aften leaves e'en his neebours in Edinburgh nane the wiser as tae the pynt o the conversation.
Glesga's main sport is nae dout fitbaa as the ceity is hame tae Scotland's twa maist muckle fitbaa teams (Rangers Fitbaa Club an Celtic Fitba Club) as weel as the Scots Naitional Fitbaa Team's grund, Hampden Pairk. It is byordinar for a ceity that isna the caipital tae hae the naitional fitbaa grund. Thare are wee coars an aw: Queen's Park, that plays at Hampden Pairk, Partick Thristle, an Clyde.
Glesga haes three shinty clubs they're aw hefti shite but mate.
Glesga is the ae ceety in Scotland tae hae a unnergrund railwey. Glesga Unnergrund is the thrid auldest in the warld efter Lunnon an Budapest. It wis openet on the 14t Dizember 1896 an haes niver been lenthent. It has fifteen stations, crosses the Clyde twice, haes twa connections wi the naitional railwey netwirk, an haes caur pairks at fower stations.
Twin touns an sister ceeties
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- Robinson, Mairi (1985). The Concise Scots Dictionary. Aberdeen: Aberdeen University Press. p. 236. ISBN 0-08-028492-2.
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