Culiacán

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Culiacán Rosales
View o Culiacán

Coat of arms
Location o Culiacán athin Sinaloa
Location o Sinaloa athin Mexico

Coordinates: 24°48′17.46″N 107°23′07.79″W / 24.8048500°N 107.3854972°W / 24.8048500; -107.3854972{{#coordinates:24|48|17.46|N|107|23|07.79|W|type:city(858638)_region:MX | |name=

}}
Kintra Mexico
State Sinaloa
Foondation 1531
Government
 • Mayor Hector Melesio Cuen Ojeda PRI Party (Mexico).svg PRI
Population (2010)
 • City 858,638
 • Urban 675,773
 • Demonym Culichi
Time zone MST (UTC−7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−6)
Website www.culiacan.gob.mx

Culiacán (Spainyie pronunciation: [kuljaˈkan]) is a ceety in northwastren Mexico, the caipital o the state o Sinaloa as well as the capital o the municipality o Culiacán. Wi 675,773 inhabitants in the ceety (census o 2010), an 858,638 in the municipality, it is the lairgest ceety in the state o Sinaloa. The municipality haes a total aurie o 4,758 km2 (1,837 sq mi).

The ceety is locatit in a valley at the confluence o the Tamazula an Humaya Rivers, where the twa meet tae form the Culiacán River, an is locatit 55 meters abuin sea level. It is locatit in the center o the state wi amaist equal distance tae the ither urban centers o the state: Los Mochis tae the north, an Mazatlán tae the sooth.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pre-colonial period[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist fowk gree that the name Culiacán apparently comes frae the wird colhuacan, which can mean "palace o snakes", but tradeetionally the maist acceptit translation wad be "place o those who adore the creuk god Coltzin". Afore the Spaniards arrivit frae Europe, this steid haed been a smaw Indie dounset syne 628 when Amerindians haed first foondit it.

Foundation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety existin the day wis foondit in 1531 bi the Spainyie captain Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán an namit San Miguel de Culiacán. In the same decade, it wis the terminus o the lang jurney o Cabeza de Vaca an company amang natives. Splorer Francisco Vásquez de Coronado set oot frae Culiacán tae splore what is nou the soothwastren Unitit States. Settlers frae Europe came tae Culiacán, an in the follaein hunderyears, Culiacán continued tae be a quiet toun. It wais anerly efter the federal govrenment built dams in the adjacent auries in the 1950s that agricultur explodit an the ceety began tae grow exponentially. Some o Mexico's lairgest agricultural conglomerates operate in the vast an growthie coastal plains. The agro-industrial economy continues toaebe the single lairgest contributor tae the region's legal economy. While the vast majority o technical an skilled labor is eddicatit locally, the once-seasonal field labor puil nou experiences a yearly shortage o wirkers. Internaitional patterns o migration nou draw laborers frae deep athin Mexico's sooth tae the northren border states an intae the Unitit States.

Post Warld War II era[eedit | eedit soorce]

Beginnin in the late 1950s, Culiacán became the birthplace o a incipient unnerground economy based on illicit drogs exportit tae the Unitit States. The completion o the Pan-American Heich-gate an the regional airport in the 1960s acceleratit the expansion o a wirkable distribution infrastructur for the enterprisin few faimilies that wad later come tae dominate the internaitional drog cairtels alang Mexico's Paceefic Northwast.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Culiacán haes a semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSh), despite receivin a annual rainfaw o ower 600 millimetres (24 in), due tae its hot temperaturs an heich evaporation. Simmers are vera hot an humid, shade temperaturs can reach 45 °C (113 °F) an heich humidy can produce heat indexes o 50 to 55 °C (122 to 131 °F), wi the risk o hivy rainfaw frae decayin tropical cyclones present an aw. Winters are hintle milder wi less humidity an a average heich o 27 °C, wi ceul nichts.

Climate data for Culiacán (1951–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 41.0
(105.8)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
41.5
(106.7)
41.5
(106.7)
45.5
(113.9)
42.5
(108.5)
46.0
(114.8)
41.5
(106.7)
41.5
(106.7)
42.5
(108.5)
37.0
(98.6)
46.0
(114.8)
Average heich °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
28.9
(84.0)
30.5
(86.9)
32.8
(91.0)
34.9
(94.8)
35.9
(96.6)
35.5
(95.9)
34.8
(94.6)
34.4
(93.9)
34.2
(93.6)
31.5
(88.7)
28.2
(82.8)
32.5
(90.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
20.1
(68.2)
21.3
(70.3)
23.6
(74.5)
26.4
(79.5)
29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29.3
(84.7)
29.0
(84.2)
27.5
(81.5)
23.5
(74.3)
20.2
(68.4)
25.0
(77.0)
Average laich °C (°F) 10.9
(51.6)
11.3
(52.3)
12.1
(53.8)
14.5
(58.1)
18.0
(64.4)
23.2
(73.8)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
20.7
(69.3)
15.6
(60.1)
12.2
(54.0)
17.50
(63.50)
Record laich °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.0
(35.6)
3.0
(37.4)
3.0
(37.4)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
13.0
(55.4)
16.0
(60.8)
17.0
(62.6)
11.0
(51.8)
5.0
(41.0)
3.0
(37.4)
2.0
(35.6)
Rainfall mm (inches) 18.4
(0.724)
11.7
(0.461)
2.8
(0.11)
2.4
(0.094)
1.1
(0.043)
19.7
(0.776)
162.8
(6.409)
209.2
(8.236)
141.6
(5.575)
50.0
(1.969)
21.3
(0.839)
26.3
(1.035)
667.3
(26.272)
humidity 68 63 59 56 57 62 70 74 74 70 66 68 66
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.2 1.4 0.6 0.4 0.2 2.4 13.8 14.8 10.8 2.9 1.6 2.2 53.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 196.4 201.6 236.2 225.7 262.1 229.4 198.8 199.2 200.2 231.9 224.6 193.8 2,599.9
Source no. 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[1]
Source no. 2: Colegio de Postgraduados (humidity and sun)[2]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Culiacán's economy is mainly agricultural an commerce, bein a trade centre for produce, meat an fish. Amang ither industries, Culiacán represents 32% o the state economy.

Thare are companies o naitional importance heidquairtered in Culiacán like Coppel, Casa Ley, Homex, amang ithers.

The Sinaloa Cairtel, a drog-trokin an organisit creeme syndicate, is based in Culiacán.[3]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The total population o the ceety is 675,773. Immigration tae Culiacán comes frae aw pairts o the warld, but especially frae soothren Mexico, Japan, Cheenae, an Europe (Italy, Fraunce, Spain, Germany, Greece).

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 27 sectors o Culiacán.

Culiacán is dividit intae 27 sectors (sectores), which are groups o several quairters (colonias):

  • Sector 1: Riberas
  • Sector 2: Centro (Dountoun)
  • Sector 3: Las Quintas
  • Sector 4: Isla Musala
  • Sector 5: Universitarios
  • Sector 6: Tres Ríos
  • Sector 7: Patio de Maniobras
  • Sector 8: Juntas de Humaya
  • Sector 9: Río Culiacán
  • Sector 10: Guadalupe
  • Sector 11: Colinas de San Miguel
  • Sector 12: Abastos
  • Sector 13: El Barrio
  • Sector 14: Los Angeles
  • Sector 15: Mirador Tamazula
  • Sector 16: Humaya
  • Sector 17: La Conquista
  • Sector 18: Bacurimi
  • Sector 19: Villas del Río
  • Sector 20: Bachigualato
  • Sector 21: Diaz Ordaz
  • Sector 22: Barrancos
  • Sector 23: San Isidro
  • Sector 24: Loma de Rodriguera
  • Sector 25: La Higuerita
  • Sector 26: Aguaruto
  • Sector 27: La Costerita

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

The newspaper El Debate is published in Culiacán.

Eddication[eedit | eedit soorce]

Aerial view o Culiacán
Escuela Libre de Derecho de Sinaloa

Varsities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Transit seestem[eedit | eedit soorce]

Urban transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

At present, Culiacán haes juist ower 68 urban transport routes, which serves approximately 1 million uisers. The Culiacán urban transport is operatit bi RedPlus.

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes a train station, operatit bi Ferromex, an it is uised anerly tae transport freicht. It is connectit tae sooth wi Mazatlán an at north wi Guaymas.

Bus station[eedit | eedit soorce]

Culiacán uisses the Central Internacional de Autobuses "Millennium" ("Millennium" Internaitional Buses Station) tae travel athort aw Mexico (North, Centre an Sooth) an tae the Unitit States (Arizona an Californie). This replacit the auld bus terminal in the soothren ceety.

Roads an expressweys[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tho thare are several heich speed roads, maist o the ceety's streets are rather narrae an traffec jams are common at rush oors.

Main roads[eedit | eedit soorce]

Culiacán haes several roads (avenues, boulevards, streets, etc.) but some o these are the main quick connection tae anither points tae the ceety.

  • Álvaro Obregón Ave
  • Francisco I. Madero Blvd.
  • Paseo Niños Heroes
  • El Dorado Ave
  • Aeropuerto
  • Emiliano Zapata Blvd.
  • Benjamín Hill Ave
  • Calzada de las Torres
  • México 68
  • Plan Mar de Cortes
  • Heroico Colegio Militar
  • Revolución Ave
  • Sanalona Way
  • Rolando Arjona Amabilis Blvd.
  • Universitarios
  • José Limón Blvd.
  • Las Américas
  • Diego Valadez Ríos
  • Manuel J. Clouthier
  • Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
  • José Vasconcelos
  • Gabriel Leyva Solano Blvd.
  • Xicoténcatl
  • Josefa Ortíz de Domínguez
  • Enrique Sanchez Alonso Blvd.
  • De los Insurgentes
  • Pedro Infante Blvd.
  • Rotarismo Road
  • Ciudades Hermanas
  • Patria Ave
  • Constituyentes Emiliano García
  • Nicolás Bravo
  • 21 de Marzo Ave
  • Las Minas

Brigs an tunnels[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes a total o thirteen bridges: sax athort the Tamazula River, twa spannin the Humaya River an the langest ane wi ithers fower crossin Culiacán River. Efforts tae solve traffec problems hae been made but maist o the ceety streets an brigs are nou croudit an insufficient tae handle regular an rush oors traffec; a fowerty km/h speed limit in maist pairts o the ceety worsens the situation.

It wai recently published that thare are 300,000 caurs in Culiacán makkin the per caipita nummer o caurs ane o the heihest in the kintra considerin the 745,000 inhabitants.

  • Musalá Brig (Tamazula River)
  • Musalá-Universitaria Brig (Tamazula River)
  • Benito Juárez Brig (Tamazula River)
  • Morelos Brig (Tamazula River)
  • Miguel Hidalgo Brig (Tamazula River)
  • Juan de Dios Bátiz-Tres Ríos Brig (Tamazula River)
  • Josefa Ortíz de Domínguez Brig (Humaya River)
  • Rafael Buelna Brig (Humaya River)
  • Jorge Almada Brig (Culiacán River)
  • Black Rail Brig (Culiacán River)
  • Rolando Arjona Amabilis-UDO (Culiacán River)
  • USE-Valle Alto (Culiacán River)
  • Libramiento Recursos (Rosales Channel)
  • Eje Federalismo Brigs (Rosales Channel)
  • Chavez Castro Brig (Rosales Channel)
  • Emiliano Zapata Pass Brig (Rosales Channel)

Also, Culiacán haes brigs in streets conformin Heich Transit Seestems in places whaur is common the Rush Oor.

  • Zapata (Blvd. Emiliano Zapata)
  • 280-Aeropuerto (Blvd. Aeropuerto)
  • Eje Aeropuerto (Blvd. Aeropuerto-Emiliano Carranza street)
  • Mexico 15 (Plan Mar de Cortes-Mexican Federal Highway 15)
  • Primavera (Plan Mar de Cortes-La Primavera)
  • Eje El Trébol (Plan Mar de Cortes-Blvd. Jesús Kumate)
  • Eje Federalismo Tunnels (Gabriel Leyva Solano/Francisco I. Madero-Federalismo)
  • UdO (Blvd. Rolando Arjona-Blvd. Lola Beltrán)
  • Gasolinera del Valle (Blvd. Jesús Kumate-Blvd. Emiliano Zapata)
  • Japac Country (Blvd. Pedro Infante-Blvd. Rolando Arjona)

Heich-gates an freeweys[eedit | eedit soorce]

Culiacán is a rail junction an is locatit on the Panamerican Heich-gate that runs north tae the Unitit States an sooth tae Guadalajara an Mexico Ceety an the Benito Juárez Heich-gate or Maxipista, which is a toll road that runs parallel tae the toll-free Federal heich-gate. It is connectit tae north wi Los Mochis an tae sooth wi Mazatlán, Tepic an Guadalajara wi the Federal Heich-gate 15.

Culiacán is linkit tae the satellite ceety o Navolato bi a excellent freewey that nou reaches Altata, in the Paceefic Ocean coast. Culiacán is linkit tae Tamazula de Victoria in Durango state an aw.

  • Freewey 15D (Sooth: Mazatlán)
  • Freewey 280-30 (Wast: Navolato-Altata)
  • Freewey 3-225 (North: Melchor Ocampo-Guamuchil)
  • Freewey 5-325 (Sooth: Costa Rica-El Dorado)
  • Tamazula Interstate Freewey (Northeast: Sanalona-Tamazula de Victoria)

Airport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Culiacán is servit bi Culiacán Internaitional Airport (IATA: CULICAO: MMCL), the maist important domestic gatewey in the state o Sinaloa, an the seicont on internaitional operations efter Mazatlán Internaitional Airport. It is locatit sooth o dountoun. It is the 10t Mexican Air Force base an aw.

Entertainment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cathedral in Culiacán
Culiacán's Botanical Garden
Las Riveras Pairk on Auld Watterfront
  • Imala's hot springs, which are aboot a 30 minute ride frae the ceety an close tae several dams an reservoirs whaur fishin lairge mooth bass is aw year roond.
  • Altata beach locatit 30 minutes frae Culiacán, whaur thare haes been extensive development ower the last couple o years. It haes a "sister" beach cried Isla Cortés (Cortes Island) or Nuevo Altata (New Altata) whaur this project o travel destination, haes begun wi some restaurants, an private auries. It is famous for its blue sea, white sand, modren restaurants an bars, nichtclubs, an heich sea waves.
  • The Cathedral, a 19t-hunderyear kirk which began construction in the 1830s.
  • Plazuela Alvaro Obregón, which wis the place for social gatherins in the 1800s.
  • La Lomita or Templo de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe is the tawest kirk in Culiacán, situatit on a hill wi a view o the entire ceety.
  • The Centro Cultural Genaro Estrada, kent bi the locals as "Difocur", encompasses a theater, movie theatre, a cafe an a group o museums specialisit in local cultur. DIFOCUR is the hame o the Orquesta Sinfonica Sinaloa de las Artes an aw. The OSSLA performs a 42-week saison (September tae Juin) of symphony, pops, opera, ballet, an chamber muisic, an featurs muisickers frae mair than fifteen different kintras, includin Mexico, the Unitit States, Ingland, Scotland, Canadae, Romanie, Argentinae, an ithers. Wirkin unner the auspicies o the govrenment o Sinaloa, the OSSLA performs mony ootreach an eddicational programs aroond the state o Sinaloa an aw, as well as throuoot Mexico.
  • Regional History Museum in the "Parque Constitución", a lairge airt museum dountoun an a nummer o smaw airt galleries awned bi several o the local varsities.
  • Botanical Garden an Centro de Ciencias de Sinaloa, a science museum that haulds the fift largest meteorite on Yird.
  • A basebaw stadium, the "Estadio Angel Flores" hame o Los Tomateros de Culiacán, a bigger fitbaa arena cried "Estadio Banorte" (Umwhile Estadio Carlos González) hame o Los Dorados de Sinaloa, Mexican fitbaa team, an several varsity stadiums.
  • In Dountoun, the best preservit auld street is the "calle Rosales", atween Rosales square an the Cathedral.

Attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • FORUM Culiacán Mall - Lairgest maw in Culiacán. It affers stores like Liverpool, Sears, Zara, C&A, Starbucks, Sanborns, Tous, Cinemex movie theater, MixUp, boutiques, kiosks, fuid aurie, an a HSBC.
  • Plaza Galerias San Miguel - Seicont lairgest maw. It affers Sears, Citi Cinemas movie theatre, an mainly shoe stores.
  • Plaza Cinépolis - A modren plaza/little maw in wastren ceety, an it is the anerly place in Culiacán whaur onyane can fynd the Cinépolis movie theatre. It affers mony boutiques, some famous restaurants o the ceety, includin Sushi Factory an Italianni's, the Antártica Ice Rink an Royal Yak casino richt efter the pairkin aurie, an the schuil supplees store Office Depot.
  • Plaza Fiesta - A plaza locatit on the centre. It offers Coppel, a Ley Plaza (Super Mercat), restaurants, little boutiques an shoe stores.
  • Plaza La Campiña - A plaza/little maw in eastren ceety, vera near the Culiacán river. It affers Pavi, Coppel, a Mega Plaza/Comercial Mexicana (Super Mercat), mony boutiques, jewelers, an saisonally a Go Karts track.
  • Movie theatres: Cinépolis (1), Cinemex (2), & Citi Cinemas (2).
  • Gamblin an casinos: Caliente (3), Royal Yak, Ermitage, Las Palmas (Nuevo León franchise), Lomas Play an Play City (2008).
  • Nichtclubs: O'lydia's discothèque, Bilbao (closed temporally), Kuwa, Penthouse Klub
  • Antártica Ice Rink
  • Pairks:
    • Ernesto Millán Escalante Pairk (previously kent as Culiacán '87): It haes mony puils, attractions, a airtificial loch, gardens, sports courts, the langest watter slide in northren Mexico, an open air Hellenic theatre, etc.
    • Revolución Pairk
    • Constitución Ceevic Centre: Culiacán's ceevic centre locatit in eastren ceety at the Malecón Viejo (Auld Watterfront), facin the Tamazula river. It haes the Culiacán Library, the Culiacán Zoo, the seicont Dancin Foontains in ceety whaur fowk go when it is hot, sports courts, a big run track an a Hellenic theater.
    • Las Riveras Pairk (The Riversides Pairk): A pairk locatit aroond the Tamazula river, atween Forum Culiacán Complex, the Isla de Orabá pairk (Orab Island pairk) the Malecón Viejo (Auld Watterfront) an the Malecón Nuevo (New Watterfront). It haes anerly pedal boats an a Tyrolean athort the river. An aw, it haes a bike path, includin recreational gemmes. Here is celebratit Mither's Day, Faither's Day, Childer's Day an the Holy Week.
  • Watter pairks: Splash Club! is ane o the lairgest watter pairks in the state o Sinaloa.
  • Nearbi touns an veelages:
    • La Primavera (The Spring) is a smaw an private urbanisit zone in the sooth o ceety. Conteens mony hooses, twa schuils, a little maw next tae a full o ducks channel, a sport club an a channels group connectit tae the biggest loch in Culiacán, whaur onyane can fish an go campin.
    • El Conchal an ither smaw veelages wi a population of 500 or less are locatit 8 kilometres frae El Dorado. Thare fowk live on fishin an tourism. Fowk chairge 350 pesos tae gie boat group tours.

Sports[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is hame tae twa profeesional league sport teams: basebaw wi the Tomateros de Culiacán frae the Liga Mexicana del Pacífico, twa championships in Caribbean series in 1996 an 2002; an fitbaa wi Dorados de Sinaloa, who play at the Estadio Banorte (Estadio Carlos González). Duck, dove an goose huntin saison goes frae early November throu Mairch. Culiacán haulds a yearly internaitional marathon.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. 
  2. "Normales climatológicas para Culiacan Sinaloa." (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  3. "Mexico's Sinaloa gang grows empire, defies crackdown". Reuters. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 18 September 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 24°48′N 107°23′W / 24.800°N 107.383°W / 24.800; -107.383{{#coordinates:24|48|N|107|23|W|type:city|| |primary |name= }}