Chetumal

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Chetumal

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Emblem o Othon P. Blanco
Chetumal is located in Mexico
Chetumal
Chetumal
Coordinates: 18°30′13″N 88°18′19″W / 18.50361°N 88.30528°W / 18.50361; -88.30528
Kintra Mexico
State Quintana Roo
Municipality Othon P. Blanco
Foondit 5 Mey 1898 (Othon P. Blanco)
Government
 • Mayor Andrés Ruiz Morcillo
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)
 • City 151,243
 • Urban 151,243
 • Demonym Chetumaleño(a)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 77000
Area code(s) 983, 912
Website www.chetumal.gob.mx

Chetumal (Modren Maya: Chactemàal /tɕʰaktʰe̞mɐː˨˩l/ which means: "Place o the red firth") is a ceety on the east coast o the Yucatán Peninsulae in Mexico. It is the caipital o the state o Quintana Roo an the municipal seat o the Municipality o Othón P. Blanco. In 2010 it haed a population o 151,243 fowk.[1]

The ceety is situatit on the wastren side o Chetumal Bay, near the mooth o the Río Hondo. Chetumal is an important port for the region an operates as Mexico's main tradin gateway wi the neebourin kintra o Belize. Guids are transported via a road connectin Chetumal wi Belize Ceety tae the sooth, an via coastal merchant ships an aw. Acause o its location on the Caribbean coastline, it is vulnerable tae tropical cyclones; Hurricane Janet an Hurricane Dean, baith Category 5 storms, made landfaw near Chetumal in 1955 an 2007 respectively.[2]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Pre-Columbie times, a ceety cried Chactemal (sometimes rendered as "Chetumal" in early European sources), probably the day's Santa Rita in Belize,[3][4] wis the caipital o a Maya state o the same name that roughly controlled the soothren quairter o modren Quintana Roo an the northeast portion o Belize. This oreeginal Chetumal is nou believit tae hae been on the ither side o the Río Hondo, in modren Belize, no at the steid o modren Chetumal.

Durin the Spainyie conquest o Yucatán, the Maya state o Chetumal focht aff several Spainyie expeditions afore feenally bein subjugatit in the late 16t hunderyear.

The 1840s revolt o the indigenous Maya fowks against Mexican rule, kent as the Caste War o Yucatán, drove aw the Hispanic fowk frae this region; maony settled in Breetish Honduras (modren Belize).

The current steid o Chetumal wis established as a Mexican port toun in 1898, oreeginally unner the name Payo Obispo. The name wis offeecially chyngit tae Chetumal in 1936.

Twa hurricanes in the 1940s leveled the entire toun; Chetumal wis devastatit a third time in 1955 bi Hurricane Janet. Efter this, the toun wis rebuilt wi mair solid construction, wi concrete blocks replacin firth as the uisual material.

The population o Chetumal wis smaw (aboot 5,000 in 1950) till the construction o heich-gates linkin it tae the rest o Mexico in the 1960s an 1970s; the ceety then boomit wi substantial migration frae ither pairts o Mexico.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Chetumal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 35.0
(95.0)
36.5
(97.7)
37.1
(98.8)
39.5
(103.1)
39.5
(103.1)
37.5
(99.5)
37.8
(100.0)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
36.2
(97.2)
37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
39.5
(103.1)
Average heich °C (°F) 28.4
(83.1)
29.5
(85.1)
30.7
(87.3)
32.1
(89.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.2
(90.0)
32.4
(90.3)
32.8
(91.0)
32.5
(90.5)
31.5
(88.7)
29.9
(85.8)
28.8
(83.8)
31.1
(88.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 23.4
(74.1)
24.3
(75.7)
26.1
(79.0)
27.9
(82.2)
28.6
(83.5)
28.6
(83.5)
28.4
(83.1)
28.5
(83.3)
28.2
(82.8)
27.0
(80.6)
25.2
(77.4)
23.9
(75.0)
26.7
(80.1)
Average laich °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
19.2
(66.6)
21.5
(70.7)
23.7
(74.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.0
(77.0)
24.5
(76.1)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
22.4
(72.3)
20.4
(68.7)
19.0
(66.2)
22.2
(72.0)
Record laich °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
5.0
(41.0)
7.3
(45.1)
9.0
(48.2)
16.0
(60.8)
18.5
(65.3)
19.0
(66.2)
15.0
(59.0)
18.0
(64.4)
12.5
(54.5)
10.0
(50.0)
5.5
(41.9)
5
(41.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 64.4
(2.535)
36.5
(1.437)
26.8
(1.055)
37.5
(1.476)
127.5
(5.02)
194.8
(7.669)
145.2
(5.717)
142.5
(5.61)
203.9
(8.028)
171.4
(6.748)
92.4
(3.638)
66.6
(2.622)
1,309.5
(51.555)
humidity 88 86 85 83 87 87 87 85 88 88 88 89 87
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.2 5.8 3.9 3.7 8.0 13.7 13.9 13.4 15.7 14.5 11.1 10.2 123.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 215.0 214.9 246.6 248.0 255.9 187.1 213.8 213.6 164.4 183.8 191.3 196.4 2,530.8
Source no. 1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional[5]
Source no. 2: Weatherbase,[6] Colegio de Postgraduados(sun and humidity)[7]

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Museum o the Mayan Cultur

Museums[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Cultural Centre o the Fine Airts (Centro Cultural de las Bellas Artes), locatit in the centre o the ceety. The biggin is hoosit in wis the schuil Belisario Domínguez, which wis the first schuil o Quintana Roo.
  • Museum o the Mayan Cultur (Museo de la Cultura Maya), considered the lairgest an maist comprehensive museum in the state dedicatit tae the Mayan cultur. It haes a important collection o authentic an reproductions o clessical wirks, an tells the development o Mayan cultur, its oreegins, as well as various aspects o their daily life.
  • Museum o the Ceety. Tee'd tae the Cultural Centre o the Fine Airts, dedicatit tae the exhibition o photographs, tuils an documents that tell the story o the foondin o the ceety.

Monuments[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Monument tae the Flag (Monumento a la Bandera), the first monument built in Chetumal. It consists o a white obelisk that haes a clock dial on each o its faces.
  • Cradles o the Meztizaje (Monumento Cuna del Meztizaje), constructit in the entrance o Chetumal. It haes the shape o a Mayan pyramid on which are the statues o Gonzalo Guerrero, his wife Zazil Há an the childer o baith.
  • Andrés Quintana Roo Memorial, dedicatit tae Andrés Quintana Roo, whom the state wis namit efter.
  • Monument tae the Fishermen, ane o the maist recent, locatit in the Bay o Chetumal.

Pairks[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Ecological Pairk (Parque Ecológico).
  • Cheese Pairk
  • Biouniverzoo Zoo.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 2010 census tables: INEGI
  2. Carrillo, Manuel. Dean pummels Mexican resorts, Reuters Canada, 2007-08-21. Accessed 2007-08-21.
  3. Belize Tourist Board. "Santa Rita". The Belize Virtual Guide. Naturalight Productions Ltd. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  4. Association for Belizean Archaeology (1989). Foster, Byron, ed. Warlords and maize men: a guide to the Maya sites of Belize. Cubola Productions. ISBN 978-968-6233-06-3. 
  5. "Normales climatológicas 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Comision Nacional Del Agua. 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  6. Historical Weather for Chetumal- Airport, Weatherbase. Retrieved July 17, 2012.
  7. "Normales climatológicas para Chetumal Payo Obizpo, Q.ROO" (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]