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Yemen Arab Republic

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Yemen Arab Republic

الجمهوريّة العربية اليمنية
al-Jumhūrīyah al-`Arabīyah al-Yamanīyah
Location o North Yemen
Offeecial leidsArabic
• 1962–1967
Abdullah as-Sallal
• 1967–1974
Abdul Rahman al-Iryani
• 1974–1977
Ibrahim al-Hamdi
• 1977–1978
Ahmad al-Ghashmi
• 1978
Abdul Karim al-Arashi
• 1978–1990
Ali Abdullah Saleh
Prime Meenister 
• 1962–1963
Abdullah as-Sallal (first)
• 1983–1990
Abdul Aziz Ghani (last)
Historical eraCauld War
• Established
27 September 1962
22 Mey 1990
1990195,000 km2 (75,000 sq mi)
• 1990
CurrencyNorth Yemeni Rial
Time zoneUTC+3
Cawin code967
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Mutawakkilite Kinrick o Yemen

The Yemen Arab Republic (YAR), (in Arabic: الجمهوريّة العربية اليمنية [al-Jamhūrīyah al-`Arabīyah al-Yamanīyah]) forby kent as North Yemen or Yemen (Sana'a), wis a kintra frae 1962 tae 1990 in the northren pairt o wha is nou Yemen.[1] Its caipital wis at Sana'a.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Follaein the collapse o the Ottoman Empire, northren Yemen became an independent state as the Mutawakkilite Kinrick o Yemen. On 27 September 1962, revolutionaries inspired bi the Arab naitionalist ideology o United Arab Republic (Egyptian) Preses Gamal Abdul Nasser deposed the newly-crouned Keeng Muhammad al-Badr, teuk control o Sana'a, an establisht the Yemen Arab Republic (YAR). This coup d'état markt the beginnin o the North Yemen Civil War that pittit YAR troops assistit bi the Unitit Arab Republic (Egyp) while Saudi Arabie an Jordan supportit Badr's ryalist forces opposin the newly formed republic. Conflict continued periodically till 1967 when Egyptian troops wur wi'drawn. Bi 1968, follaein a final ryalist siege o Sana'a, maist o the opposin leaders reached a reconciliation; Saudi Arabie recognised the Republic in 1970.

Unlik East an Wast Germany or North an Sooth Korea, the YAR an its soothren neighbour, the Fowkdemocratic Republic o Yemen (PDRY) (kent as Sooth Yemen an aa) remained relatively friendly, tho relations wur aften strained. In 1972 it wis declared unification wad eventually occur. Housomeivver, thir plans wur put on hauld in 1979, an war wis anerlie preventit bi an Arab League intervention. The goal o unity wis reaffirmed bi the northren an soothren heids o state durin a summit meetin in Kuwait in Mairch 1979. Wha the PDRY govrenment failed tae tell the YAR govrenment wis that it wished tae be the dominant pouer in ony unification, an left wing rebels in North Yemen began tae receive extensive fundin an airms frae Sooth Yemen.

Reunification[eedit | eedit soorce]

In Mey 1988, the YAR an PDRY governments came tae an unnerstandin that considerably reduced tensions includin agreement tae renew discussions concernin unification, tae establish a jynt ile exploration aurie alang thair undefined border, tae demilitarize the border, an tae allae Yemenis unrestrictit mairch passage on the basis o anerlie a naitional identification card.

Soorces[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Unitit States extendiy diplomatic recognition tae the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) on 19 December 1962, The Times, 20 December 1962.