Texcaltitlán

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Texcaltitlan
Toun & Municipality
Texcaltitlan is locatit in Mexico
Texcaltitlan
Texcaltitlan
Coordinates: 18°55′47″N 99°56′14″W / 18.92972°N 99.93722°W / 18.92972; -99.93722
Kintra  Mexico
State State o Mexico
Foondit afore 1776
Municipal Status 1861
Govrenment
 • Municipal Preses Benito Dario Sánchez (2006–2009)
Aurie
 • Laund 142.45 km2 (55.00 sq mi)
Elevationo seat 2,400 m (7,900 ft)
Population (2005)Municipality
 • Municipality 2,361
 • Seat 15,824
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code (of seat) 51670
Wabsteid (in Spaingie)http://www.edomexico.gob.mx/texcaltitlan/htm/historia.htm

Texcaltitlán is a toun an a municipality o the State o Mexico in Mexico. It is locatit 65 km frae Toluca on the heich plains sooth o the Nevado de Toluca volcano. The name Texcaltitlán comes frae the Nahuatl: texcalli = “rock”; titla= "among", wi the complete meanin as “amang rocks”.[1]

The toun[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie nou kent as Texcaltitlán wis settled at least as early as 800 AD, possibly as early as 300AD. It wis dominatit bi the Teotihuacán ceevilization, then bi the Toltecs an lastly, atween 1250 tae 1520 it wis dominatit bi the Aztecs. Durin the late Aztec Empire, Texcaltitlán wis an important toun an wis the heid o the touns o Temascaltepec, Tejupilco, an Tuzantla, as well as a nummer o commonties that nae langer exist sic as Ciutepeque, Ocelotequepue, Yexvaca, Cuahtepeque, Oztotitipac, Tlapatlapan an Melamamaloya. Efter the Spainyie Conquest, the aurie came unner the govrenorship o Don Antonio de Caicedo. In the 18t century, the toun suffered frae ootbreaks o the black plague leadin the Franciscans tae big thair kirk in nearbi San Francisco Coaxusco, rather than in the toun itsel in 1775. The first kirk biggit in the toun wis biggit in 1789. Durin the Mexican Revolution, the toun wis sackit various times, wi the principle targets bein businesses, esp. those teed tae the nearbi ceety o Toluca. Texcaltitlán's history for the rest o the 20t century consists o modrenization o its infrastructur an increasin economic tees wi Toluca, the state caipital.[1]

As o 2005, the toun haed a population o 2,361 fowk is situation at an altitude o 2,400 meters abuin sea level.[2] The kirk in the toun o Texcaltitlán is surroondit bi black battlements datin frae the aichteent century an firthen baroque-style altarpieces that are in the chapels o the commonties o Santa Maria an San Francisco. Tuesday is mercat day in Texcaltitlán an is ane o the auldest tradeetions o the municipality, which haes been preservit frae the time o the first settlers. Nou is ane o the biggest in the State o Mexico.[1]

The municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

As municipal seat, the toun o Texcaltitlán haes govrenin jurisdiction ower the follaein commonties: Acatitlán, Arroyo Seco, Carbajal, El Chapaneal, Chiquiuntepec (Chiquintepec), Gavia Chica (Rincón), Hueyatenco, Jesús del Monte, Llano Grande, Noxtepec, Palmillas, San Agustín, San Francisco, San Miguel, Santa María, Texcapilla, Tlacotepec, Venta Morales (El Pedregal), Ejido Venta Morales (La Laguna), Yuytepec, Palo Amarillo, Las Tablas (Las Tablas San José), Rastrojo Largo, Las Paredes, Agua del Trébol, Ojo de Agua, Nueva Santa María, San José, Las Lágrimas, El Agostadero, Los Lirios an La Angostura.

The current municipality wis foondit in 1861 an borders the municipalities o Temascaltepec, Sultepec, Almoloya de Alquisiras, Coatepec Harinas, Tejupilco an San Simón de Guerrero. It haes a territory o 142.45 km2.[1] The tot municipal population wis 15,824 as o 2005.[2]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Aiwo District
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(87)
31
(87)
30
(86)
30.2
(86.2)
Average law °C (°F) 24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24.3
(75.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 272
(10.7)
239
(9.4)
191
(7.5)
165
(6.5)
122
(4.8)
124
(4.9)
163
(6.4)
150
(5.9)
122
(4.8)
112
(4.4)
147
(5.8)
241
(9.5)
2,048
(80.6)
Soorce: Weatherbase[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]