Ciudad Nicolás Romero

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(Ciudad) Nicolás Romero
Ceety & Municipality
(Ciudad) Nicolás Romero is locatit in Mexico
(Ciudad) Nicolás Romero
(Ciudad) Nicolás Romero
Coordinates: 19°37′30″N 99°18′51″W / 19.62500°N 99.31417°W / 19.62500; -99.31417
Kintra  Mexico
State State o Mexico
Foondit 1537
Municipal Status 1820
Govrenment
 • Municipal Preses Martín Sobreyra Peña (2006-2009)
Elevation (o seat) 2,400 m (7,900 ft)
Population (2005) Municipality
 • Municipality 306,516
 • Seat 242,798
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Postal code (of seat) 54400
Wabsteid (in Spaingie) http://www.nicolasromero.gob.mx/
View o Ciudad Nicolás Romero.

Ciudad Nicolás Romero is the lairgest ceety an municipal seat o the municipality o Nicolás Romero in State o Mexico, Mexico. It is located 58 km frae the ceety o Toluca, the state capital and lies in the north-central pairt o the state, juist northwast o the Federal Destrict (Mexico Ceety). The seat/municipality's current name is tae honor Nicolás Romero, who focht for Benito Juárez durin the Reform War an the French intervention in Mexico. He wis executit thare bi the French. The toun adoptit this name in 1898. The aurie wis settled bi the Otomi an namit Azcapotzaltongo ("amang the ant hills" in Náhuatl) bi the Aztecs Efter conquerin it. Durin colonial times, it wis kent as San Pedro Azcapotzaltongo. It wis then cried Monte Bajo frae 1821 tae 1898, when the current name wis adoptit. Baith the municipality an ceety are commonly referred tae as Nicolás Romero.[1]

The ceety[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrialization began here in the middle o the 19t hunderyear wi factories like the “Molino Viejo” (nou La Colmena), "Rio Grande" an "San Ildefonso" textile factories as well as the thread manufacturer Barrón, aw o which are still in operation. This wad continue throu the 20t hunderyear wi paper products an ither teeps o production. In 1898, the seat wis namit "Villa Nicolás Romero", efter achievin toun status. In 1998 the toun wis elevatit tae ceety status an its current name is "Ciudad Nicolás Romero".[1]

The ceety haed a 2005 census population o 242,798 inhabitants, representin 79% o the municipality's population.[2]

The municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

As municipal seat, Ciudad Nicolás Romero haes govrening jurisdiction ower the follaein commonties: Colonia 5 de Febrero, Colonia Buena Vista, Los Manantiales, El Puerto, Quinto Barrio (Ejido Cahuacán), Santa María Magdalena Cahuacán, Caja de Agua, Colonia Morelos, Progreso Industrial, Puerto Magú, San Francisco Magú, San José el Vidrio, San Juan de las Tablas, San Miguel Hila, Transfiguración, La Concepción (El Escobal), Ranchería los Duraznos, El Tanque, Paredeño (Rancho Paredeño), Loma del Río, Joya del Tejocote, Loma Larga, Colonia el Mirador, Puentecillas, Cahuacán, Ejido Magú, El Esclavo, Las Espinas, Miranda, Pueblo Nuevo, San José, Barrio de la Luz, Loma de Guadalupe (La Biznaga), Colonia Llano Grande (Nuevo Ejido), Veintidós de Febrero, Colonia los Tubos,Barrio de Guadalupe, Los Pilares, Loma de San José, Las Milpitas, La Cantera, La Estancia, San José los Barbechos (Los Barbechos), Colonia San Miguel, Ampliación el Rosario, an Loma de Chapultepec.

The municipality haes a total aurie o 233.51 square km (90.16 sq mi)[1] an a population o 350,000.[2] It borders the municipalities o Villa del Carbón, Tepotzotlán, Atizapán de Zaragoza, Isidro Fabela, Cuautitlán Izcalli, Jiquipilco an Temoaya.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie wis occupee'd bi the Otomi (who cried thairsels the "hñahñu"), who haed been nomadic. The aurie the current municipality is locatit in became a tributar state o the Aztec Triple Alliance, in 1430, wi the destrict's seat at Cahuacán subject tae Tlacupan in wha is nou Tacuba. In the current municipality, fower prehispanic touns still remain: Azcapotzaltongo, Cahuacán, Tlillan an Magú. Efter the Conquest, laund here wis redistributit amang the conquerin Spainyie; housomeivver, stairtin in 1537 indigenous leaders began tae struggle tae regain the lost land an watter richts, a fecht that haes continued for ower 400 years tae the beginnin o the ejido reform. In the cases o Ejido San Miguel Hila an Ejido Los Comuneros, the issues are still no resolvit. In 1820, the municipality o Monte Bajo wis creatit, which includit wha is nou Nicolás Romero an pairts o Atizapán de Zaragoza.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 "Enciclopedia de los municipios de mexico Estado de Mexico Nicolas Romero". Archived frae the oreeginal on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-03-12. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Principales resultados por localidad 2005 (ITER)". Retrieved 2008-03-08. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 19°35′N 99°22′W / 19.583°N 99.367°W / 19.583; -99.367