|Creautit bi||Anne Wood|
|Developit by||Ragdoll Productions|
Darrall Macqueen Ltd
Pui Fan Lee
|Vyces o||Original series:|
|Narratit bi||Tim Whitnall|
|Appenin theme||"Teletubbies say 'Eh-oh!'"|
|Kintra o oreegin||United Kingdom|
|No. o episodes||425 (leet o episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||David G. Hiller|
|Oreeginal release||Original series:|
31 Mairch 1997 –
16 Februar 2001
9 November 2015 – present
Teletubbies is a Breetish pre-schuil bairns' televeesion series creatit bi Ragdoll Productions' Anne Wood an Andrew Davenport. The programme focuses on fower multi-coloured creatures kent as "Teletubbies," named for the telly screens implanted in thair abdomens. Recognised throughout popular culture for the uniquely-shaped antenna protruding frae the heads o each character, the Teletubbies communicate throu gibberish an war designed tae bear resemblance tae young bairns.
Parteecularly notable for its heich production values, the series rapidly acame a commercial success in Britain an abroad. It wan multiple BAFTA awards an wis nominated for twa Daytime Emmys throughout its run. A single based on the shaw's theme sang reached nummer 1 in the UK Singles Chart in December 1997 an remained in the Tap 75 for 32 weeks, selling ower a million copies.
Tho production on the first 365 episodes haed been annoonced cancelled in 2002, sixty new episodes war ordered in 2014. Thay are currently aired on CBeebies in the Unitit Kinrick an on Nick Jr. in the Unitit States. Re-runs o the oreeginal 1997 - 2001 series continue tae be shawn on relevant television channels worldwide, some 16 years efter the oreeginal run's conclusion.
Plot[eedit | eedit soorce]
The programme takes place in a grassy, floral landscape populated bi rabbits wi bird calls audible in the background. The main shelter o the fower Teletubbies is an earth house kent as the "Tubbytronic Superdome" implanted in the grund an accessed throu a hole at the tap or an especially lairge semicircular door at the dome's fit. The creatures co-exist wi a nummer o strange contraptions sic as the Noo-noo, the group's anthropomorphic blue vacuum cleaner, an the Voice Trumpets. The shaw's colourfu, psychedelic setting wis designed specifically tae appeal to the attention spans o infants an unlock different sections o the mind whiles an aw educatin young bairns o transitions that can be expected in life.
An assortment o rituals are performed throughout the course o every episode, sic as the playful interactions atween the Teletubbies an the Voice Trumpets, the mishaps caused bi the Noo-noo, the footage o live bairns displayed on the screens in the Teletubbies' stomachs, an the magical event that occurs ance per episode. The event differs each time; it is eften caused inexplicably an is frequently strange yet whimsical. Each episode is closed bi the Voice Trumpets an the narrator tae the disappointed, reluctant, but eventually obedient Teletubbies, who bids farewell tae the viewer as thay go back tae the Tubbytronic Superdome whiles the Sun baby sets.
Characters[eedit | eedit soorce]
Main characters[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Tinky Winky (played bi Dave Thompson and Simon Shelton in the oreeginal series and bi Jeremiah Krage in the revival series) is the first Teletubby, as well as the lairgest and auldest o the group. He is covered in purpie terrycloth and haes a triangular antenna on his heid. He awmaist always cairies a reid bag.
- Dipsy (played bi John Simmit in the oreeginal series and bi Nick Kellington in the revival series) is the seicont Teletubby. He is green and named efter his antenna, which resembles a dipstick. Dipsy is the maist stubborn o the Teletubbies, an will occasionally refuse to go alang wi the others' group opinion. His face is notably darker than the rest o the Teletubbies, an the creators hae stated that he is black.
- Laa-Laa (played bi Nikky Smedley in the oreeginal series and bi Rebecca Hyland in the revival series) is the third Teletubby. She is yellae and haes a curly antenna. Laa-Laa is very sweet, likes to sing and dance, an is eften shawn leukin oot for the ither Teletubbies. Her favorite toy is an orange rubber ball.
- Po (played bi Pui Fan Lee in the oreeginal series and bi Rachelle Beinart in the revival series) is the fowert Teletubby, as well as the shortest and youngest. She is reid and haes an antenna shaped lik a stick uised for blowing soap bubbles. Po normally speaks in a saft vyce and haes been stated bi the shaw's creators tae be Cantonese.
Supporting characters[eedit | eedit soorce]
- The Noo-noo (operated bi Mark Dean in the oreeginal series) is a conscientious vacuum cleaner who acts as baith the Teletubbies' guardian and housekeeper. He hardly ever ventures ootside the Tubbytronic Superdome, instead remainin indoors and constantly cleaning wi his sucker-lik neb. He communicates throu a series of slurping and sucking noises.
- The Voice Trumpets (voiced bi Fearne Cotton, Jim Broadbent and Antonia Thomas in the revival series) are several devices resembling periscopes that rise frae the grund and interact wi the Teletubbies, eften engaging in gemmes wi them and serving as supervisors. Thay are the anly residents of Teletubbyland who speak in complete sentences.
- The Sun Baby (played bi Jess Smith in the oreeginal series) appears at the beginnin and end of each episode. She acts as a wake-up caw for the Teletubbies.
- Numerous rabbits are foond throughout Teletubbyland, an are depicted bi several Flemish Giant rabbits. The Teletubbies enjoy watching them hop and play. The rabbits are the anly teep of Yird ainimal foond in the land, an tak residence in rabbit holes and bushes.
- The Tubby Phone (voiced bi Jane Horrocks) is a character in the revival series, who transports the Teletubbies to the modren warld.
- The Tiddlytubbies (voiced bi Teresa Gallagher) are baby Teletubbies appearin in the revival series. Thair names are Mi-Mi, Daa Daa, Baa, Ping, RuRu, Nin, Duggle Dee and Umby Pumby.
Release[eedit | eedit soorce]
On 31 Mairch 1997, the first episode of Teletubbies aired on BBC2. It filled a timeslot previously held bi Playdays. This schedule chynge initially received backlash frae parents, but the shaw wis nae moved. The programme's unconventional format quickly received attention frae the media, an it wis attracting twa million viewers per episode bi August. In Februar 1998, The Sydney Morning Herald noted that it haed "reached cult status" in less nor a year on the air.
Teletubbies haes been aired in ower 120 countries in 45 different leids. In the United States, the series airs on Nickelodeon as pairt o the Nick Jr. block. Episodes are an aa released throu the Nick Jr. mobile application and on-demand services. The oreeginal series is available as pairt o the Noggin subscription service in North Americae. It haed aired on PBS Kids until 2008. BBC Worldwide channels cairy the series in maist of Africae, Asia and Poland. A Spaingie dub airs on Clan in Spain. In Greece, the series airs on Nickelodeon Greece. NPO Zappelin cairies the shaw in the Netherlands and MTVA airs it in Hungary. In Australia and New Zealand, the series airs on CBeebies Australia and ABC Kids. JimJam's Benelux feed airs the series and Ultra airs it in Serbia. Teletubbies an aa airs on SIC in Portugal and e-Junior in the Middle East.
Promotion[eedit | eedit soorce]
Merchandising[eedit | eedit soorce]
Golden Bear Toys distributed the first line of Teletubbies dolls shortly efter the programme's debut. Thay war sauld internationally, wi talking toys available in multiple leids. Hasbro signed on to develop a new range of products in 1998. In 1999, Microsoft UK released a set of interactive "ActiMates" toys based on the characters. The Rasta Imposta company introduced Teletubbies costumes for childer and adults in the same year. Twa educational video games featurin the characters war an aa released throughout the series' run.
Teletubbies dolls war the tap-selling Christmas toy in 1997. Demand outstripped supply at maist retailers, reportedly prompting mony shops to ration them to one per customer. In some cases, shoppers camped ootside stores overnicht in hopes of purchasing Teletubbies merchandise. Fights ower the toys broke oot amang parents and collectors on occasion. Ower one million dolls war sauld in Britain bi 25 December of that year, wi Golden Bear representatives estimating that sales coud hae reached three million if supplies haed been available. The plush toys war named "Toy of the Year" bi the British Association of Toy Retailers in 1998.
Kids' meal tie-ins hae been released at fast-food restaurants throughout North Americae. In Mey 1999, Burger King distributed a set of sax Teletubbies plush toys. Thay an aa included chicken nuggets shaped lik the characters on thair menu for a brief period of time. Keychains modelled efter the characters war available at McDonald's in Apryle 2000. Thir promotions became controversial amang adults who believed thay war intendit to attract toddlers to heich-fat food. Psychiatrist Alvin Francis Poussaint considered the deals "troubling." He voiced his opinion on the matter publicly, but did nae tak action against the companies.
Overseas Teletubbies merchandise sales throughout the 1990s delivered €136 million in profits for the BBC. Bi the time o the programme's cancellation, Teletubbies toys haed generated ower £200 million in revenue for co-creautor Anne Wood alone. In 2005, Chris Hastings and Ben Jones of The Daily Telegraph cried Teletubbies "the most lucrative show in BBC television history."
Live events[eedit | eedit soorce]
To commemorate the tenth anniversary o the premiere of Teletubbies, a series of events teuk place frae Mairch to Apryle 2007. The characters headlined an invitation-anly event in London on 21 Mairch 2007. Thay appeared in New York City's Times Square, Grand Central Terminal, and Apollo Theater. Thay war an aa interviewed on The Today Show in an episode that included the first televised appearance o the actors wioot thair costumes. A partnership wis formed wi Isaac Mizrahi in which Mizrahi designed Teletubbies-inspired bags tae be auctioned off to benefit charities. A new line of claedin wis launched at the Pop-Up Shop and ither specialty stores. New York City mayor Mike Bloomberg annoonced 28 Mairch 2007 "Teletubbies Day" and gae the key to the ceety to the Teletubbies. Following thair shaw in New York, the Teletubbies went on thair first live European tour, performing in London, Paris, Bremen, Darmstadt, Halle, Hamburg, Köln, and Hannover.
In Januar 2016, costumed Teletubbies characters appeared at the American International Toy Fair. In Apryle 2016, the series' premiere on the Greek Nickelodeon channel wis advertised wi a series of appearances bi the Teletubbies at malls throughout Athens. This began wi a live shaw at Avenue Mall on 16 Apryle, which featurt baith the Teletubbies and a host frae the network. Throughout Mey 2016, the characters appeared on various breakfast television programmes to promote the upcoming series' debut on Nickelodeon in the United States.
Reception[eedit | eedit soorce]
Critical reception[eedit | eedit soorce]
The series received mixed reviews frae critics. Common Sense Media's Emily Ashby foond that "while the show's examples of cooperative play, wonder, and simple joys are gentle and pleasing, the creatures can still be a little grating to parents watching along." Caryn James of The New York Times stated in her review that the episodes "offer a genuinely appealing combination: cute and slightly surreal."
Upon the shaw's release, some critics feared that the characters' uise of babbling in place of complete sentences wad negatively affect young viewers' ability to communicate. The Daily Mirror reportit in 1997 that mony parents objected to its "goo-goo style" and "said the show was a bad influence on their children." Marina Krcmar, a professor of communication at the Wake Forest University, told interviewers in 2007 that "toddlers learn more from an adult speaker than they do from a program such as Teletubbies." Psychiatrist Aric Sigman haes expressed his belief that "Teletubbies is as bad for your child as a violent video game." Houiver, Paul McCann of The Independent defended this aspect o the shaw, statin that "Teletubbies upsets those who automatically assume that progressive and creative learning is trendy nonsense. Those who believe that education should be strictly disciplined and functional, even when you're 18 months old. Thankfully Teletubbies isn't for them. It's for kids."
Tinky Winky controversy[eedit | eedit soorce]
Tinky Winky stairtit a controversy in 1999 acause of his carrying a bag that looks much lik a woman's handbag (awtho he wis first "outed" bi the academic and cultural critic Andy Medhurst in a letter of Julie 1997 to The Face). He aroused the interest of Jerry Falwell in 1999 when Falwell alleged that the character wis a "gay role model". Falwell issued an attack in his National Liberty Journal, citing a Washington Post "In/Out" column which stated that lesbian comedian Ellen DeGeneres wis "out" as the chief national gay representative, while trendy Tinky Winky wis "in". He warned parents that Tinky Winky coud be a covert homosexual seembol, acause "he is purple, the gay pride colour, and his antenna is shaped like a triangle: the gay pride symbol." The BBC made an offeecial response, expleenin that "Tinky Winky is simply a sweet, technological baby with a magic bag." Ken Viselman of Itsy-Bitsy Entertainment commented, "He's not gay. He's not straight. He's just a character in a children's series."
In Mey 2007, Pols Ombudsman for Childer Ewa Sowińska revisited the matter, an planned to order an investigation. "I noticed that he has a woman's handbag, but I didn't realise he's a boy," Sowińska said in a public statement. She asked her office's psychologists to leuk intae the allegations. Efter the research in late 2007, she stated: "The opinion of a leading sexologist, who maintains that this series has no negative effects on a child's psychology, is perfectly credible. As a result I have decided that it is no longer necessary to seek the opinion of other psychologists."
Despite the objections, the Independent on Sunday's editors included Tinky Winky as the anly fictional character in the 2008 inaugural "Happy List", alongside 99 real-life adults recognised for makin Britain a better and happier place.
Cult following[eedit | eedit soorce]
Awtho the programme is aimed at childer atween the ages of one and fower, it haed a substantial cult following wi aulder generations, mainly university and college students. The mixture of bricht colours, unusual designs, repetitive non-verbal dialogue, ritualistic format, an occasional forays intae physical comedy appealed to mony who perceived the programme as haein psychedelic qualities.
Awards and nominations[eedit | eedit soorce]
|1997||City of Birmingham Awards||Best Midlands-Produced Childer's Television Production||Ragdoll Productions||Wan|||
|NHK Japan Prize||Grand Prize (Pre-School Eddication)|||
|Royal Television Society||Childer's Entertainment Award|||
|1998||British Academy of Film and Television Arts||Best Pre-School Programme|||
|Marketing Society Awards||New Product o the Year||Golden Bear Toys|||
|Online Film & Television Association||Best Childer's Series||Ragdoll Productions||Nominatit|||
|Television Critics Association||Outstanding Achievement in Childer's Programming|||
|UK Independent Television Productions Awards||NATS Childer's Award||Wan|||
|1999||Daytime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Pre-School Childer's Series||Nominatit|||
|Licensing Industry Merchandiser's Association||Oweraw License o the Year||Wan|||
|Independent Television Productions Awards||Nickelodeon UK Childer's Award|||
|Television Critics Association||Outstanding Achievement in Childer's Programming||Nominatit|||
|2000||Independent Television Productions Awards||Audiocall Indie Childer's Award||Wan|||
|Daytime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Pre-School Childer's Series||Nominatit|||
|Royal Television Society||Eddication Award||Wan|||
|British Academy of Film and Television Arts||Outstanding Contreibution in Childer's Television and Film||Anne Wood|||
|2002||British Academy of Film and Television Arts||Best Pre-School Live Action Series||Ragdoll Productions|||
|2014||Prix Jeunesse||"Most Edgy" Programme o the Last 50 Years|||
|Greatest Impact Programme o the Last 50 Years|||
Other media[eedit | eedit soorce]
In popular culture[eedit | eedit soorce]
- In episode 12 of The Vicar of Dibley, Laa-Laa and Po are bridesmaids. Thay haud the wedding-dress train of Alice Springs Horton (née Tinker).
- In an episode of The Simpsons titled "Hello Gutter, Hello Fadder", Homer dresses up lik a Teletubby to entertain Maggie.
- In the eleventh episode o the seicont series of The Chaser's War on Everything, the possibility of Tinky Winky bein homosexual wis parodied when the Chaser's testit the Peel Hotel (in Collingwood, Melbourne, Victoria)'s gaydar wi a Tinky Winky costumed figure that acted in a stereotypical homosexual fashion.
- In 2012, during a full seicont and third series of tvN's Saturday Night Live Korea, the programme wis referenced as Yeouido Teletubbies (여의도 텔레토비) to portray the 2012 presidential election campaign. This experimental skit caused the popularity of SNL Korea's 'Crew', Kim Seul-gie and Kim Min-kyo, who acted major candidates respectably, to skyrocket.
CD single[eedit | eedit soorce]
In December 1997, BBC Worldwide released a CD single frae the series, based on the shaw's theme sang, cried "Teletubbies say 'Eh-oh!'" It is the anly single frae Teletubbies, makin the characters a one-hit wonder in the United Kinrick. The sang wis written bi Andrew McCrorie-Shand and Andrew Davenport, and produced bi McCrorie-Shand and Steve James. The single reached nummer 1 in the UK Singles Chart in December 1997, an remained in the Tap 75 for 32 weeks efter its release.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Franks, Nico (6 November 2015). "Nickelodeon takes Teletubbies reboot". C21 Media. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies voices revealed for new series". British Broadcasting Corporation. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- Fullerton, Huw (16 June 2015). "From BT adverts and Teletubbies to Undercover - the screen journey of Daniel Rigby". Radio Times. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Uh-oh! Teletubbies grassy home flooded - after owner becomes sick of tourists trying to visit iconic set". Uk.news.yahoo.com. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Teletubbies joint venture". Insider Media. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Say 'Eh-Oh!' to the New-Look Teletubbies". DHX Media. 3 June 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Eh-oh, the Teletubbies are back! Beloved characters return in all-new series on Nick Jr. channel". Viacom International, Inc. 12 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Everhart, Karen (16 February 1998). "Bridging real world and toddler fantasy, Teletubbies reaches youngest audience". Current.org. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "Tubbies toast another three years". BBC News. 1 March 1999. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "Past Winners and Nominees – Children's – Awards – 2002". BAFTA. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- Richard Spilsbury (1 July 2012). Simon Cowell. Heinemann Library. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-1-4329-6434-4.
- "CBBC wants first tenders | News | Broadcast". Broadcast now.co.uk. 29 June 2001. Retrieved 10 July 2010.
- Sweeney, Mark (13 June 2014). "BBC's CBeebies orders 60 new Teletubbies episodes". www.theguardian.com. The Guardian.
- "Teletubbies Reboot Coming to Nickelodeon". Complex. Complex Media, Inc. 12 June 2015. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "The Teletubbies unmasked! The people behind the iconic children's TV characters". Daily Mail. Daily Mail and General Trust. 17 July 2013. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- Krage, Jeremiah. "Showreel: Jeremiah Krage". Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 April 2016. Retrieved 22 April 2016.
- "Teletubbies Cast - Zap2it". Zap2it. Archived frae the oreeginal on 30 May 2013.
- "Teletubbies: 16 things you didn't know". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 24 December 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "Teletubbies Authors".
- "About Teletubbies: The Characters". Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 May 2016.
- "The baby from Teletubbies reveals herself". The Daily Telegraph. Unknown. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 23 December 2014.
- "DHX Media Announces Teletubbies Season Two". PR Newswire. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "To Teletubby or not to Teletubby". Tegna WTSP. Tegna, Inc. 12 October 1997. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- McCann, Paul (24 August 1997). "Teletubbies to get grown-up help with their baby talk". The Independent. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Padded sells". Newspapers.com. The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 February 1998. Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Nickelodeon snaps up broadcast and on-demand rights to new Teletubbies". Licensing.biz. NewBay Media. 11 June 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies Will Return After 14 Years: See Which British Actor Will Star in New TV Show!". Us Weekly. Wenner Media LLC. 4 August 2015.
- Whitney, Erin (11 June 2015). "Nickelodeon Is Rebooting The 'Teletubbies'". The Huffington Post. Verizon Communications. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
- "DHX Media's Teletubbies heads to the US with Nick Jr. and the Noggin app". DHX Media. 11 June 2015.
- "Teletubbies reboot picked up by Nickelodeon". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. 11 June 2015.
- "Teletubbies: Where to Watch". Teletubbies.com. Viacom International, Inc. Archived frae the oreeginal on 23 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Noggin, Nickelodeon's Preschool Video Subscription Service, Expands to New Platforms and Adds Eight Premium Series to Content Slate". Streaming Media. Viacom International, Inc. 11 November 2015.
- "Noggin's Teletubbies". Nutmeg Creative. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "DHX inks ten Teletubbies broadcast deals". AnimationMagazine.net.
- "DHX Media adds 10 more broadcast deals for the new Teletubbies". Newswire.ca.
- "Teletubbies - Nickelodeon Greece". Viacom International, Inc. Archived frae the oreeginal on 6 May 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies - CBeebies Australia". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
- Tyler, Richard (9 February 2004). "Start young, work hard and keep on trusting in success". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Stokes, Paul (5 January 2001). "Achtung, Teletubby is teaching baby to speak German". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Toy store pulls Teletubby doll". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Morris Communications. 23 October 1998. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
- McClellen, Jim (31 January 1999). "Eh-oh! What is Bill Gates doing to our Tubbies?". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- Daniel Blythe (13 December 2011). Collecting Gadgets and Games from the 1950s-90s. Pen and Sword. pp. 167–. ISBN 978-1-84468-105-1.
- "Teletubbies 2: Favourite Games". The National Museum of Play. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Play with the Teletubbies: Early Childhood Game Review". IGN. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- "Top-selling Christmas toy from each of the past 30 years revealed". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. 3 December 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Patricia Holland (23 January 2004). Picturing Childhood: The Myth of the Child in Popular Imagery. I.B.Tauris. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-0-85771-564-7.
- "Teletubbies bigger than Buzz". British Broadcasting Corporation. 13 November 1997. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Lenz, Kimberly (29 March 1998). "Toy Stores Preparing For The Inevitable Craze For Teletubby Items". Daily Press. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Ghouri, Nadene (26 December 1997). "Toy stories 1997". TES. TGP Capital. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- Official Charts Company (20 November 2012). Million Sellers. Music Sales Group. pp. 311–. ISBN 978-0-85712-882-9.
- Susan Brewer (2013). Famous Character Dolls. Casemate Publishers. pp. 64–. ISBN 978-1-84468-094-8.
- "Teletubbies are top toy". The Irish Times. 24 December 1997. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Toy of the Year 1997: Eh-oh! It's the Teletubbies!". British Association of Toy Retailers. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- "Fries with your Teletubby? Fast food titans fight for market share with toys". CNN Money. 21 May 1999.
- Jordan Rubin; Nicki Rubin (1 January 2008). Great Physician's Rx for Children's Health. Thomas Nelson Inc. pp. 7–. ISBN 978-1-4185-7240-2.
- "Time for Teletubbies...at McDonald's, April 2000". QSR Magazine. QSR. 14 April 2000.
- Juliet B. Schor (19 August 2014). Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child and the New Consumer Cult. Scribner. pp. 258–. ISBN 978-1-4391-3090-2.
- "Is advertising to kids wrong? Marketers respond". Kidscreen. 1 November 2000.
- Elliott, Roslyn. "Television and the Teletubbies: A reflection from early childhood service providers in Australia". Bayerischer Rundfunk.
- "New licensed character ride for Jolly Roger". YourGuides. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies Carousel Ride". Photo-Me. Archived frae the oreeginal on 29 October 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Mini millionaires: Five who made their fortunes from children's cartoons". TheJournal.ie. Distilled Media. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Sweney, Mark (29 January 2013). "Ragdoll puts sales joint venture with BBC Worldwide on the market". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies top BBC overseas sales at £120m". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 2 October 2005. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Rusak, Gary (12 March 2007). "Teletubbies celebrate 10th anniversary in high style". KidScreen Magazine.
- "Teletubbies Pop-Up Shop".
- "Teletubbies reunite for free tour". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. 12 August 2009. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
- "TOY FAIR 2016: Teletubbies join Character Options for toy unveiling". ToyNews. 26 January 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2016.
- "Eλάτε να γνωρίσετε τα Teletubbies από κοντά το Σάββατο 16/04 στο Avenue!". Nickelodeon Greece. Viacom International, Inc. 13 April 2016. Archived frae the oreeginal on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Ραντεβού με τα Teletubbies". Athinorama. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Τα TELETUBBIES αποκλειστικά για μια μέρα στην ΑΘήνα". Pamebolta.gr. Avenue Mall Athens. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies Takeover Chicago's WGN Morning News". The Chicago Tribune. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "The Teletubbies return to TV". Tegna WTSP. Tegna, Inc. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- Ashby, Emily. "Teletubbies TV Review - Common Sense Media". Common Sense Media. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
- James, Caryn (6 April 1998). "TELEVISION REVIEW; Teletubbies Say Eh-Oh, And Others Say Uh-Oh". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
- "TELETUBBIES: Are They Harmless Fun or Bad for Our Children?". Daily Mirror. 23 May 1997. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "Teletubbies can't beat people in teaching first words". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. 1 July 2007. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Teletubbies is as bad for your child as a violent video game, says leading psychologist". Daily Mail. Daily Mail and General Trust. 11 September 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "The Outing of Tinky Winky". Priceonomics. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Falwell Sees Gay in a Teletubby". 11 February 1999. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- Kraidy (1 September 2007). Hybridity, OR the Cultural Logic of Globalization. Pearson Education India. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-81-317-1100-2.
- Marwan Kraidy (2005). Hybridity, Or the Cultural Logic of Globalization. pp. 106–107. ISBN 978-1-59213-144-0.
- Adam Easton (28 May 2007). "Poland targets 'gay' Teletubbies". BBC News.
- "Polish watchdog backs away from Teletubbies probe". CBC. 30 May 2007.
- "The IoS Happy List 2008 - the 100". The Independent. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- Gutenko, Gregory. "Deconstructing Teletubbies: Differences between UK and US college students' reading of the children's television programme". Kansas City, Missouri, USA: College of Arts & Sciences, University of Missouri-Kansas City. Missing or empty
- Susan Brewer (19 July 2010). Collecting Classic Girls' Toys. Remember When. pp. 153–. ISBN 978-1-78337-521-9.
- Toomer, Jessica (16 June 2014). "Uh-Oh! The 'Teletubbies' Are Making A Psychedelic Comeback". The Huffington Post. Verizon Communications. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "BBC worldwide awards 97/98". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "1997 Japan Prize Winners". NHK.or.jp. NHK. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Educational Television Award Winners 1997". RTS.org.uk. Royal Television Society. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Past Winners and Nominees – Children's – Awards – 1998". BAFTA. Retrieved 13 January 2010.
- "Teletubbies win award". Birmingham Evening Mail. 25 April 1998. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "Ragdoll Productions Awards" (PDF). Ragdoll.co.uk. 17 November 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
- "DHX Media Announces Licensing Deals in China for Teletubbies and In the Night Garden..." DHX Media. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Bates, Chris (8 April 1999). "Teletubbies Nominated for Emmy Award". Coventry & Warwickshire. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Itsy Bitsy fulfills license 'Po'-tential". The Hollywood Reporter. 8 June 1999. – via HighBeam (subscription required)
- "Agreements signed with BBC Worldwide Asia and Shanghai V-Pop for China". DHX Media. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
- Owen, Rob (15 June 1999). "TV Notes: WPXI to add anchor; where is Avedesian?". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
- Europa Publications (2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. pp. 1830–. ISBN 978-1-85743-217-6.
- "Teletubbies shortlisted for daytime Emmy". Broadcast. 29 March 2000. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "Educational Television Award Winners 2000". RTS.org.uk. Royal Television Society. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Children's favourites honoured". British Broadcasting Corporation. 12 November 2000. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- "PRIX 2014 Prize Winners" (PDF). Prix Jeunesse International. 12 November 2000. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- Laugh and Enjoy a Satire of the Presidential Election, "Yeouido Teletubbies", Kyunghyang Shinmun, 7 November 2012, Retrieved on 19 January 2013.
- "Teletubbies top the charts". British Broadcasting Corporation. 7 December 1997. Retrieved 29 December 2008.
Fremmit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Official Facebook page
- Official Twitter page
- Official YouTube channel
- Teletubbies on CBeebies
- Teletubbies on NickJr.com
- Teletubbies on Nickelodeon Press
- Teletubbies at AllMovie
- Teletubbies at TV.com
- Teletubbies on IMDb