Sexual intercoorse

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Sexual intercoorse in the meessionar poseetion, the maist common human sex poseetion,[1][2] depictit bi Édouard-Henri Avril

Sexual intercoorse, or coitus or copulation, is principally the insertion an thrustin o the penis, uisually when erect, intae the vagina for sexual pleisur, reproduction, or baith.[3] This is kent as vaginal intercourse or vaginal sex an aw.[2][4] Ither forms o penetrative sexual intercoorse include anal sex (penetration o the anus bi the penis), oral sex (penetration o the mooth bi the penis or oral penetration o the female genitalia), fingerin (sexual penetration bi the fingers), an penetration bi uise o a dildo (especially a strap-on dildo).[5][6][7] Thir activities involve pheesical intimacy atween twa or mair individuals an are uisually uised amang humans solely for pheesical or emotional pleisur an can contreibute tae human bondin.[5][8]

Thare are different views on whit constitutes sexual intercoorse or ither sexual activity,[9][10] that can impact views on sexual heal.[11] Awtho the term sexual intercoorse, pairteecularly the variant coitus, generally denotes penile–vaginal penetration an the possibility o creautin offspring,[3] it commonly denotes penetrative oral sex an penile–anal sex an aw, especially the latter.[12] It is uisually defined bi sexual penetration, while non-penetrative sex (sic as mutual masturbation an non-penetrative forms o cunnilingus) haes been termed ootercoorse,[13] but non-penetrative sex mey be considered sexual intercourse an aw.[5][14] The term sex, eften a shorthaund for sexual intercoorse, can mean ony form o sexual activity.[11][15] Acause fowk can be at risk o contractin sexually transmittit infections in thir activities,[16][17] safe sex practices are advised,[16] awtho transmission risk is signeeficantly reduced in non-penetrative sex.[18][19]

Various jurisdictions hae placed restrictive laws against certaint sexual acts, sic as incest, sexual activity wi minors, prostitution, rape, zoophilia, sodomy, premarital an extramarital sex. Releegious beliefs play a role in personal deceesions aboot sexual intercoorse or ither sexual activity an aw, sic as deceesions aboot virginity,[10][20] or legal an public policy maiters. Releegious views on sexuality vary signeeficantly atween different releegions an sects o the same releegion, tho thare are common themes, sic as prohibeetion o adultery.

Reproductive sexual intercoorse atween non-human ainimals is mair eften termed copulation, an sperm mey be introduced intae the female's reproductive tract in non-vaginal weys amang the ainimals, sic as bi cloacal copulation. For maist non-human mammals, matein an copulation occur at the pynt o estrus (the maist fertile period o time in the female's reproductive cycle), that increases the chances o successfu impregnation.[21][22] Houever, bonobos, dowphins an chimpanzees are kent tae engage in sexual intercoorse regairdless o whither or nae the female is in estrus, an tae engage in sex acts wi same-sex pairtners.[23] Lik humans engaging in sexual activity primarily for pleasure,[24] this behaviour in the aforementioned ainimals is presumed tae be for pleasure an aw,[25] an a contreibutin factor tae strenthenin thair social bonds.[24]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Keath Roberts (2006). Sex. Lotus Press. p. 145. ISBN 8189093592. Retrieved 17 August 2012.
  2. a b Wayne Weiten, Margaret A. Lloyd, Dana S. Dunn, Elizabeth Yost Hammer (2008). Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st Century. Cengage Learning. pp. 422–423. ISBN 0495553395. Retrieved 5 Januar 2012. Vaginal intercourse, known more technically as coitus, involves inserting the penis into the vagina and (typically) pelvic thrusting. ... The man-above, or "missionary," position is the most common [sex position].CS1 maint: multiple names: authors leet (link)
  3. a b Sexual intercoorse maist commonly means penile-vaginal penetration for sexual pleisur and/or sexual reproduction; dictionar soorces state that it especially means this, an scholarly soorces ower the years agree. See, for example;
    • "Sexual intercourse". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 5 December 2014. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
    • "Sexual intercourse". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 5 September 2012. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
    • Richard M. Lerner, Laurence Steinberg (2004). Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 193–196. ISBN 0471690449. Retrieved 29 Apryle 2013. When researchers use the term sex, they nearly always mean sexual intercourse – more specifically, penile-vaginal intercourse... The widespread, unquestioned equation of penile-vaginal intercourse with sex reflects a failure to examine systematically 'whether the respondent's understanding of the question matches what the researcher had in mind.'
    • Fedwa Malti-Douglas (2007). Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender: A-C. Macmillan Reference. p. 308. ISBN 0028659619. Sexual intercourse. [T]he term coitus indicates a specific act of sexual intercourse that also is known as coition or copulation. This 'coming together' is generally understood in heteronormative terms as the penetration of a woman's vagina by a man's penis.
    • Irving B. Weiner, W. Edward Craighead (2010). The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology. 4. John Wiley & Sons. p. 1577. ISBN 0470170239. Retrieved 21 August 2013. Human sexual intercourse, or coitus, is one of the most common sexual outlets among adults. Sexual intercourse generally refers to penile penetration of the vagina...CS1 maint: uises authors parameter (link)
    • Clint E. Bruess, Elizabeth Schroeder (2013). Sexuality Education Theory and Practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 152. ISBN 1449649289. Retrieved 5 December 2014. Vaginal sex is defined as when a penis or sex toy is inserted into a vagina for pleasure. In many cultures around the world, vaginal sex is what is usually implied when people refer to 'having sex' or 'sexual intercourse.' It is the most frequently studied behavior and is often the focus of sexuality education programming for youth.CS1 maint: uises authors parameter (link)
  4. Sandra Alters; Wendy Schiff (2012). Essential Concepts for Healthy Living. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. pp. 180–181. ISBN 1449630626. Retrieved 31 August 2013. Most heterosexuals are familiar with the notion of 'having sex' or sexual intercourse as vaginal sex, the insertion of a penis into a vagina. Vaginal sex, or coitus, is the most common and popular form of intimate sexual activity between partners.
  5. a b c "Sexual Intercourse". Archived frae the original on 22 August 2008. Retrieved 12 Januar 2008.
  6. Nilamadhab Kar; Gopal Chandra Kar (2005). Comprehensive Textbook of Sexual Medicine. Jaypee Brothers Publishers. pp. 107–112. ISBN 8180614050. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  7. Virginia Rutter; Pepper Schwartz (2011). The Gender of Sexuality: Exploring Sexual Possibilities. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 76. ISBN 0742570053. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  8. Laura Freberg (2009). Discovering Biological Psychology. Cengage Learning. pp. 308–310. ISBN 0547177798. Retrieved 9 Januar 2016.
  9. Richard M. Lerner; Laurence Steinberg (2004). Handbook of Adolescent Psychology. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 193–196. ISBN 0471690449. Retrieved 29 Apryle 2013. When researchers use the term sex, they nearly always mean sexual intercourse – more specifically, penile–vaginal intercourse... The widespread, unquestioned equation of penile–vaginal intercourse with sex reflects a failure to examine systematically 'whether the respondent's understanding of the question matches what the researcher had in mind.'
  10. a b See page 11 onwards an pages 47–49 for views on what constitutes virginity loss an tharefore sexual intercoorse or ither sexual activity; soorce discusses hou gay an lesbian individuals define virginity loss, an hou the majority o resairchers an heterosexuals define virginity loss/"technical virginity" bi whither or nae a person has engaged in penile–vaginal sex. Laura M. Carpenter (2005). Virginity Lost: An Intimate Portrait of First Sexual Experiences. NYU Press. pp. 295 pages. ISBN 0-8147-1652-0. Retrieved 9 October 2011.
  11. a b "Defining sexual health: Report of a technical consultation on sexual health" (PDF). World Health Organization. Januar 2002. p. 4. Retrieved 5 September 2012. In English, the term 'sex' is often used to mean 'sexual activity' and can cover a range of behaviours. Other languages and cultures use different terms, with slightly different meanings.
  12. Ada P. Kahn; Jan Fawcett (2008). The Encyclopedia of Mental Health. Infobase Publishing. p. 111. ISBN 0816064547. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  13. Randall, H. E. & Byers, S. E. (2003). "What is sex? Students' definitions of having sex, sexual partner, and unfaithful sexual behaviour". The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality. 12: 87–96. Recently, researchers in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia have investigated university students' definitions of having sex. These studies found that students differ in their opinions of what sexual behaviours constitute having sex (Pitts & Rahman, 2001; Richters & Song, 1999; Sanders & Reinisch, 1999). While the vast majority of respondents (more than 97%) in these three studies included penile–vaginal intercourse in their definition of sex, fewer (between 70% and 90%) respondents considered penile–anal intercourse to constitute having sex. Oral-genital behaviours were defined as sex by between 32% and 58% of respondents. Cite uses deprecated parameter |last-author-amp= (help)
  14. a b "Global strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections: 2006–2015. Breaking the chain of transmission" (PDF). World Health Organization. 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  15. "Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2008. Retrieved 6 December 2011. Also see Fact Sheet
  16. Dianne Hales (2008). An Invitation to Health Brief 2010–2011. Cengage Learning. pp. 269–271. ISBN 0495391921. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  17. Bhushan Kumar; Somesh Gupta (2014). Sexually Transmitted Infections. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 237. ISBN 8131229785. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  18. Bryan Strong; Christine DeVault; Theodore F. Cohen (2010). The Marriage and Family Experience: Intimate Relationship in a Changing Society. Cengage Learning. p. 186. ISBN 0-534-62425-1. Retrieved 8 October 2011. Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual (vaginal) intercourse. But occasionally we hear people speak of 'technical virginity' [...] Data indicate that 'a very significant proportion of teens ha[ve] had experience with oral sex, even if they haven't had sexual intercourse, and may think of themselves as virgins' [...] Other research, especially research looking into virginity loss, reports that 35% of virgins, defined as people who have never engaged in vaginal intercourse, have nonetheless engaged in one or more other forms of heterosexual sexual activity (e.g., oral sex, anal sex, or mutual masturbation).
  19. Michael Kent (2000). Advanced biology. Oxford University Press. pp. 250–253. ISBN 0199141959. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  20. Showick Thorpe; Edgar Thorpe (2009). The Pearson General Studies Manual 2009, 1/e. Pearson Education India. p. 1.79. ISBN 8131721337. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  21. a b Diamond, Jared (1991). The Rise and Fall of the Third Chimpanzee. Radius. pp. 360 pages. ISBN 0091742684. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
  22. Balcombe, Jonathan (2006). Pleasurable Kingdom: Animals and the Nature of Feeling Good. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 106–118. ISBN 0230552277. Retrieved 21 October 2015.