Ethnic groups in the province accordin tae 2001 census: 145 642 Bulgaries (&000000000000009720000097.2%),
3 035 Roma (Gypsy) (&00000000000000020000002%) an 1155 ithers an unspecifeed (&00000000000000008000000.8%).
Industry is o vital importance for the economy o the province. Pernik is the major manufacturin centre, ane o the lairgest in the kintra wi the "Stomana" steel complex; hivy machinery (minin an industrial equipment); biggin materials an textiles being the maist important. There is an enormous plant for hivy machinery in Radomir which produces excavators an industrial equipment, but is currently no wirkin at full capacity.