Oakham shown within Rutland
|Population||9,975 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||Unitit Kinrick|
|EU Pairlament||East Midlands|
|UK Pairlament||Rutland an Melton|
Oakham, which haes ceevil parish status, lees tae the wast o Rutland Water, ane o the lairgest man-made lakes in Europe. It is in the Vale o Catmose an the toun itsel is built on an incline, an varies frae 99m abuin sea level (Ladywell aurie) tae 122m abuin sea level (Brooke Schuil aurie). It is twinned wi Barmstedt, Germany, an Dodgeville, Wisconsin, U.S.A..
Table o contents
Govrenance[eedit | eedit soorce]
Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]
Tourist attractions in Oakham include Aw Saunts Kirk an Oakham Castle. Anither popular an historic featur is the open-air mercat held in the toun's mercat square ivery Wadensday an Seturday (near the auncient octagonal Buttercross wi its pyramidal ruif an wooden stocks, a grade I leetit biggin).
Aw Saunts Kirk[eedit | eedit soorce]
The impressive spire o Oakham parish kirk, built durin the 14t century, dominates distant views o the toun for several miles in aw directions. Restored in 1857 tae 1858 bi Sir George Gilbert Scott, the kirk is a grade I leetit biggin.
Oakham Castle[eedit | eedit soorce]
Anerlie the great haw o the Norman castle is still staundin, an is surroondit bi steep earthwirks markin the inner bailey. The haw dates frae c. 1180—90 an accordin tae Nikolaus Pevsner (in his The Buildings of England: Leicestershire and Rutland):
- "It is the earliest hall of any English castle surviving so completely, and it is doubly interesting in that it belonged not to a castle strictly speaking, but rather to a fortified manor house."
The ooter bailey o the castle, still surroondit bi law earthwirks, lies tae the north o the castle. Kent as Cutts Close, it is nou a pairk wi a baundstaund, skatebuird aurie, flouerbeds an childer's play aurie. Some deep hollaes in the pairk are the remnants o the castle's dreed-up stew ponds (fishponds).
Oakham's horseshoes[eedit | eedit soorce]
Traditionally, members o royalty an peers o the realm who visitit or passed through the toun haed tae pay a forfeit in the form o a horseshoe. This unique custom haes been enforced for ower 500 years, but nouadays it anerlie happens on special occasions (such as Ryal visits), when an ootsize ceremonial horseshoe, specially made an decoratit, is hung in the great haw o the castle. There are nou ower 200 o these commemorative shoes on its waws. No aw are datit an some o the earliest (which wad doubtless hae been ordinary horseshoes given athoot ceremony bi exasperated noblemen) mey no hae survived. The earliest datable ane is an ootsize example commemoratin a visit bi Keeng Edward IV in aboot 1470. The horseshoes hang upside-doun: while this is generally held tae be unlucky, in Rutland this wis thought tae stop the Devil frae sittin in the hollae. The upside-doun horseshoe motif appears in the county council's arms (see to the right), and on the local Ruddles beer labels. Recent horseshoes commemorate visits by HRH The Princess Royal (1999), HRH The Prince o Wales (2003) an HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy (2005).
Rutland Coonty Museum[eedit | eedit soorce]
The museum is locatit in the auld Riding Schuil o the Rutland Fencible Cavalry which wis built in 1794-95. The museum hooses a collection o objects relatin tae local rural an agricultural life, social history an airchaeology.
Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]
The Birmingham to Peterborough railway line runs through the toun, providin links ae Birmingham, Leicester, Peterborough an Cambridge. Oakham railway station is positioned approximately haufwa atween Peterborough railway station an Leicester railway station, at baith o which passengers can board a train tae London - either frae Leicester tae London St Pancras or frae Peterborough tae London King's Cross. There are an aa twa direct services tae London St Pancras (ane early fore-nuin an ane fore-nicht), an ane fore-nicht return service frae Lunnon St Pancras, each weekday.
There are guid road links tae:
- Leicester (25 miles),
- Nottingham (29 miles),
- Melton Mowbray (10 miles),
- Uppingham (6 miles),
- Corby (13 miles),
- Stamford (11 miles).
Education[eedit | eedit soorce]
The toun is hame tae Oakham Schuil, ane o the major Inglis public schuils which wis foondit, thegither wi Uppingham Schuil, in 1584. The oreeginal schuil biggin survives, northeast o the kirk; athort its sooth front is the inscription Schola Latina – Graeca – Hebraica A° 1584 an abuin its door is a stane wi an inscription in Laitin, Greek an Ebreu.
Oakham Schuil is an aa the current awner o Oakham's umwhile workhouse. Built in 1836-7 by Oakham Poor Law Union, it served as a wirkhoose for 167 inmates, till it became Catmose Vale Hospital. It nou accommodates twa "day" (non-buirdin) Schuil Hooses for girls.
Sports an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]
An aa, Oakham Imps Football clubs trains on the Oakham Schuil astroturf adjacent tae the railwey an play their matches at the Catmose College fitbaa pitches
Street map[eedit | eedit soorce]
Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Neighbourhood Statistics
- "Market Cross". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- "Oakham "Castle"". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- "Oakham Castle". Rutland On Line. Retrieved 2007-02-20.
- "Castle Class Corvettes". Battleships-Cruisers. Retrieved 2007-02-20.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Community wabsteid
- Oakham Schuil wabsteid
- Aw Saunts Kirk Oakham wabsteid
- Catmose College wabsteid
- Oakham Castle wabsteid
- Link tae Rutland Coonty Cooncil wabsteid
- Oakham wirkhoose
- Oakham Toun Cooncil
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Oakham.|