Norfolk Island

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Territory o Norfolk Island

Teratri o' Norf'k Ailen[1]
Banner o Norfolk Island
Coat o airms o Norfolk Island
Coat o airms
Motto: "Inasmuch"
Location o Norfolk Island
29°02′S 167°57′E / 29.03°S 167.95°E / -29.03; 167.95
Lairgest ceetyBurnt Pine
Offeecial leidsInglis
Demonym(s)Norfolk Islander[3]
GovrenmentSelf-govrenin territory
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Neil Pope
Lisle Snell
Self-govrenin territory
• Total
34.6 km2 (13.4 sq mi) (227th)
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
• Density
61.9/km2 (160.3/sq mi)
CurrencyAustralian dollar (AUD)
Time zoneUTC+11:30 (NFT (Norfolk Island Time))
Drivin sideleft
Cawin code672
ISO 3166 codeNF

Norfolk Island (Listeni/ˈnɔːrfək ˈlənd/; Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen[4]) is a wee island in the Paceefic Ocean locatit atween Australie, New Zealand an New Caledon, 1,412 kilometre (877 mi) directly east o mainland Australie's Evans Head, an aboot 900 kilometre (560 mi) frae Lord Howe Island. The island is pairt o the Commonwalth o Australie, but it enjoys a lairge degree o self-govrenance. Thegither wi twa neighbourin islands, it furms ane o Australie's freemit territories. It haes 2,300 fowk livin on 35 km2. Its caipital is Kingston.

Oreeginally settled bi East Polynesies, Norfolk Island wis colonised bi Great Britain as pairt o its dounset o Australie in 1788. The island served as a convict penal dounset till Mey 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus atween 1814 an 1825, when it wis abandoned. In 1856 permanent ceevilian residence on the island began when it wis settled frae Pitcairn. In 1901, the island acame a pairt o the Commonweel o Australie which it haes remained till this day.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine is a seembol o the island an thus pictured on its banner (see illustration). Native tae the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, bein a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australie, whaur twa relatit species grow, an an aa in Europe.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Norfolk Island Broadcasting Act 2001 – Norf'k Ailen Brordkaasen Aekt 2001 Archived 2014-09-19 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Norfolk Island Language (Norf'k) Act 2004 (Act No. 25 of 2004) Archived 2012-10-09 at the Wayback Machine
  3. "CIA - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 16 October 2012. Archived frae the original on 3 Julie 2015. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  4. NI Arrival Card Archived 2011-11-13 at the Wayback Machine