Norfolk Island

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Territory o Norfolk Island
Teratri o' Norf'k Ailen[1]
Banner o Norfolk Island
Coat o airms
Motto: "Inasmuch"
Anthem: "God Save the Queen" (offeecial)
"Pitcairn Anthem"
Location o Norfolk Island
Caipital Kingston
29°02′S 167°57′E / 29.03°S 167.95°E / -29.03; 167.95
Lairgest ceety Burnt Pine
Offeecial leids Inglis
Demonym Norfolk Islander[3]
Govrenment Self-govrenin territory
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Neil Pope
Lisle Snell
Self-govrenin territory
• Total
34.6 km2 (13.4 sq mi) (227th)
• Water (%)
• 2011 census
• Density
61.9/km2 (160.3/sq mi)
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Time zone UTC+11:30 (NFT (Norfolk Island Time))
Drivin side left
Cawin code 672
ISO 3166 code NF
Internet TLD .nf

Norfolk Island (Listeni/ˈnɔːrfək ˈlənd/; Norfuk: Norf'k Ailen[4]) is a smaa island in the Paceefic Ocean locatit atween Australie, New Zealand an New Caledon, 1,412 kilometres (877 mi) directly east o mainland Australie's Evans Head, an aboot 900 kilometres (560 mi) frae Lord Howe Island. The island is pairt o the Commonweel o Australie, but it enjoys a lairge degree o self-govrenance. Thegither wi twa neighbourin islands, it furms ane o Australie's freemit territories. It haes 2,300 fowk livin on 35 km2. Its caipital is Kingston.

Oreeginally settled bi East Polynesies, Norfolk Island wis colonised bi Great Britain as pairt o its dounset o Australie in 1788. The island served as a convict penal dounset till Mey 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus atween 1814 an 1825, when it wis abandoned. In 1856 permanent ceevilian residence on the island began when it wis settled frae Pitcairn. In 1901, the island acame a pairt o the Commonweel o Australie which it haes remained till this day.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine is a seembol o the island an thus pictured on its banner (see illustration). Native tae the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, bein a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australie, whaur twa relatit species grow, an an aa in Europe.

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