Kem, Roushie

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Kem

Кемь
Coat of airms o Kem
Coat airms
Location o Kem
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Coordinates: 64°57′N 34°36′E / 64.950°N 34.600°E / 64.950; 34.600Coordinates: 64°57′N 34°36′E / 64.950°N 34.600°E / 64.950; 34.600
KintraRoushie
Federal subjectRepublic o Karelie
Foondit14t century
Area
 • Total21 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Total13,051
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
11,182 (-14.3%)
 • Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (Moscow Time Edit this on Wikidata[3])
Postal code(s)[4]
18661x
Dialin code(s)+7 81458
OKTMO ID86612101001

Kem (Roushie: Кемь; Karelie: Kemi; Finnish: Vienan Kemi) is a historic toun an the admeenistrative centre o Kemsky Destrict o the Republic o Karelie, Roushie, locatit on the shores o the White Sea whaur the Kem River enters it, on the railwey leadin frae Petrozavodsk tae Murmansk. Population: 13,051 (2010 Census);[1] 14,620 (2002 Census);[5] 18,522 (1989 Census).[6]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kem wis first mentioned as a demesne o the Novgorod posadnik Marfa Boretskaya in 1450, when she donatit it tae the Solovetsky Monastery (situatit in the White Sea several kilometres aff shore). In 1657, a firthen fort wis erectit thare.

An aw firthen is the toun's remarkable cathedral, biggit in 1711–1717. It is a fine example o the tented roof-construction sae popular in auld Roushie airchitectur. The cathedral's iconostasis featurs precious 17t-century century icons frae Novgorod.

Toun status wis grantit tae Kem in 1785.

On 10 Aprile 1918 the toun wis reached bi Finnish troops durin the Viena expedition in an attempt tae join White Karelie tae Finland.

Kem wis uised as depairtur place for boats heidit tae Solovki carryin poleetical preesoners frae 1926 tae 1939. Durin the Cauld War, the toun haes been the steid o Poduzhemye air base, a key interceptor aircraft airfield coverin Karelie.

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census] (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved 23 Januar 2019.
  3. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Roushie). 3 Juin 2011. Retrieved 19 Januar 2019.
  4. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Roushie)
  5. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (21 Mey 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie).CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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