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Jermuk Ջերմուկ is located in Armenie
Jermuk Ջերմուկ
Coordinates: 39°50′30″N 45°40′20″E / 39.84167°N 45.67222°E / 39.84167; 45.67222
Kintra Armenie
MarzVayots Dzor
 • Total55.14 km2 (21.29 sq mi)
2080 m (6,820 ft)
 • Total6,200
 • Density112.7/km2 (292/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (GMT +4)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 (GMT+5)
Sources: Population [1]

Jermuk (Armenie: Ջերմուկ; an aw Romanizit as Djermuk) is a spa toun in the soothren Vayots Dzor Province, 53 km east o Yeghegnadzor, the caipital o Vayots Dzor. It wis a popular destination durin the Soviet era an thir days is still famous for its het springs an its brand o mineral watter that is bottled in the vicinity. The toun is considered tae be attractive for its huge watterfaw, the naitural brig, the loch, its wids wi its walkin trails an mineral watter puils. Jermuk is currently bein redevelopit tae acome a modren centre o tourism an heal services. The toun is bein set up tae acome a sort o Chess centre an aw, wi numerous chess tournaments hostit or scheduled tae be hostit. Feenally, Jermuk is weel-kent amang the Armenie fowk for its distinctively fresh air.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name derives frae Armenie ջերմուկ jermuk or "jermook," meanin “warm mineral spring”.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun o Jermuk
Curin watter o Jermuk

Jermuk occupees an aurie which is historically considered as pairt o the Vayots Dzor destrict o the Syunik province (athin Armenie Mayor). It wis first mentioned in the 13t century bi historian Stepanos Orbelian in his wirk aboot the "History o the Sisakan destrict". But the ruins o an auncient fortress an an 8t century basilica testifee that the human dounset near the foontains o Jermuk haes stairtit lang afore the 13t century. The fortress o Jermuk wis biggit unner the rule o the Artaxiad Dynasty.[2]

In auncient times, the mineral watter o Jermuk wis kent for its curin featurs. The princes o Syunik regardit the Jermuk soorces an watter as healin an biggit several puils fillt wi it, therebi makkin the little toun thair hailiday destination.

Durin the 1830s, a Roushie ingineer-geologist cried "Voskoboynikov" arrivit in Armenie an began splorations on Jermuk's geographical depth as well as the contents an characteristics o Jermuk watters. His observations on Jermuk wur published in the "Mountain Magazine" jurnal in 1831, an later in 1855, in the "Caucasian Calenda" magazine. Voskoboynikov’s wirks wur the first scienteefic talks on Jermuk.

In 1860s, aw the historic puils o Jermuk whilk wis biggit bi the Orbelian princes o Syunik, wur renovatit bi "Gevorg Khanagyan", follaein a resolution bi the Roushie govrenment. Thir days, thae baths, whilk is cried "Pristav Pools", is preservit as historical monuments.

The foondation o the modren toun o Jermuk teuk place anerlie in 1940, whan the first sanatorium wis opened tae the public, syne settin for the fertile activity o the Jermuk heal resort centre. Development programmes wur implementit tae turn Jermuk intae a modren resort for aw Soviet naitionals. In 1980 the population o Jermuk reakit 10,000. Efter the collapse o the Soviet Union an as a result o the economic creesis in Armenie in the 1990s, the population drappit tae 7000 in the beginnin o the 21st century. Recently housomeivver, the Armenie authorities teuk steps in order tae further develop the Jermuk toun-resort includin the dounset o Kechut. As a result o thae new resolutions the toun haes experiencit unprecedentit success as a tourist destination.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sanatoriums in Jermuk

The toun is locatit at a hicht o 2080 meter abuin sea level, athin the muntains o Vayots Dzor, amang thick forests, on a plateau dividit intae twa pairts bi the gorge o Arpa River, 170 km sooth-east o Yerevan. Surroondin muntains o Vayots Dzor, Vardenis an Syunik are aw covered wi forests an alpine meadaes at a hicht o 2500–3000 meter.

The wids o Jermuk is rich wi aik an hornbeam trees, as weel as wi dug rose, wild peir, ploum an juniper plants. Ainimals lik tod, rabbit, brock an beir coud be foond thare.

Jermuk is fou o naitural het springs (Geysers). The name itsel is derivit frae this fact, as the wird "jermuk" means "geyser" in the Armenie leid. The watterfaw o Jermuk on Arpa river haes a hicht o 70 meter.

The average temperatur o Jermuk is +15.3C in simmer an -9C in winter wi a level o 800 mm (31.50 in) o annual precipitation.

Economy an tourism[eedit | eedit soorce]

The naitural watter bottlin industry haes its deep ruits in the toun as the first factory wis foondit in 1951. Thir days, Jermuk is hame tae mony giant factories whilk produce bottled mineral watter. The skinklin watter o Jermuk is lairgely exportit tae mercats aroond the warld.

Jermuk Ropeway

The main watter producers o Jermuk is the follaein companies:

Anither key sector in the economy o Jermuk is tourism. The toun is hame tae several heich-quality heal resorts an spas, an it is ane o the main touristic destinations for thaim wha veesit Armenie. Visitors coud enjoy the bonnie natur o Jermuk an the muntains o Vayots Dzor (3000 meters), the watterfaws, the curin watter puils, hotels an heal spas, sanatoriums, the ropeway an alpine sports facilities. Annually in the month o August, the toun hosts the FIDE Grand Prix Jermuk chess tournament. Ane o the maist attractive nearhaun destinations is the Gndevank Monastery, locatit juist 10 km wast o Jermuk. This monastery is mair nor 1000 year auld.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Armstats:Population
  2. "Jermuk Group: Jermuk city". Archived frae the original on 29 Julie 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2012.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]