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Areni veelage as seen frae Areni Kirk.
Areni veelage as seen frae Areni Kirk.
Areni Արենի is located in Armenie
Areni Արենի
Coordinates: 39°43′15″N 45°11′02″E / 39.72083°N 45.18389°E / 39.72083; 45.18389
Marz (Province)Vayots Dzor
990 m (3,250 ft)
 • Total1,865
Time zoneUTC+4 ( )
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 ( )

Areni (Armenie: Արենի; umwhile Arpa) is a veelage in the Vayots Dzor Province o Armenie. It is best kent for its wine production, awtho the majority o wine produced locally is frae the nearhaun veelage o Getap. The kirk o S. Astvatsatsin is a single-nave twa-aisled domit Armenie kirk completit in the year 1321, an is locatit atop a plateau owerleukin the Arpa River an Areni. It wis designed bi the airchitect an sculptor Momik Vardpet who is best kent for his heich-relief carvins at the monastery of Noravank (locatit approximately 6 kilometers southeast frae Areni). Nearhaun thare the 13t century ruins o laird Tarsaitch Orbelian o Syunik's palace, muived frae Yeghegis tae Areni throu that time. Ruins o a 13t century brig biggit bi Bishop Sarkis in 1265-1287 are ane kilometer northeast o the kirk. At the same location are the remains o an aulder brig.

Copper Age excavations[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2007, an Armenie-Erse team decidit tae dae test excavations in the cave steid o Areni 1. Twa test trenches in the front an rear galleries revealed Chalcolithic Age an Early Bronze Age layers datin back tae 5000-4000 BCE. Excavations in 2007-2008 uncovered 3 pot burials in the rear chamber o the cave. Ilka pot contained a Copper Age human skull wi nae associatit grave guids. Aw skulls belang sub-adults o 9–16 year auld. Thae are currently bein analysit bi the team's biological anthropologist. Remarkably, ane skull conteened a piece o a weel-preservit harn tissue. This is the auldest kent human harn frae the Auld Warld.

The cave haes affered surprisin new insichts intae the oreegins o modren ceevilizations an aw, lik evidence o a wine-makkin enterprise an an array o culturally diverse pottery. Excavations yieldit an extensive array o Copper Age airtifacts datin tae atween 6,200 an 5,900 year syne an aw. The new discoveries athin the cave muive early bronze-age cultural activity in Armeni back bi aboot 800 year. Additional discoveries at the site include metal knives, seeds frae mair nor 30 kins o fruit, remains o dozens o cereal species, rape, claith, strae, gress, reeds an dree'd grapes an prunes[1]

In Januar 2011 airchaeologists annooncit the discovery o the earliest kent winery, the Areni-1 winery, seiven month efter the warld's auldest leather shae, the Areni-1 shae, wis discovered in the same cave. The winery, which is ower sax-thoosan year auld, conteens a wine press, fermentation vats, jaurs, an cups. Airchaeologists foond grape seeds an vines o the species Vitis vinifera an aw. Patrick McGovern, a biomolecular anthropologist at the University of Pennsylvania, commentin on the importance o the find, said, "The fact that winemakkin wis awready sae weel developit in 4000 BC suggests that the technology likely gaes back hintle earlier." [2][3]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. See Bower, Bruce (12 Januar 2009). "Armenian cave yields ancient human brain" (in Inglis).
  2. "'Oldest known wine-making facility' found in Armenia". BBC (in Inglis). 11 Januar 2011. Retrieved 11 Januar 2011.
  3. Maugh II, Thomas H. (11 Januar 2011). "Ancient winery found in Armenia". Los Angeles Times (in Inglis).