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Areni veelage as seen frae Areni Kirk.
Areni veelage as seen frae Areni Kirk.
Areni Արենի is located in Armenie
Areni Արենի
Coordinates: 39°43′15″N 45°11′02″E / 39.72083°N 45.18389°E / 39.72083; 45.18389
Marz (Province)Vayots Dzor
990 m (3,250 ft)
 • Total1,865
Time zoneUTC+4 ( )
 • Summer (DST)UTC+5 ( )

Areni (Armenie: Արենի; umwhile Arpa) is a veelage in the Vayots Dzor Province o Armenie. It is best kent for its wine production, awtho the majority o wine produced locally is frae the nearhaun veelage o Getap. The kirk o S. Astvatsatsin is a single-nave twa-aisled domit Armenie kirk completit in the year 1321, an is locatit atop a plateau owerleukin the Arpa River an Areni. It wis designed bi the airchitect an sculptor Momik Vardpet who is best kent for his heich-relief carvins at the monastery of Noravank (locatit approximately 6 kilometers southeast frae Areni). Nearhaun thare the 13t century ruins o laird Tarsaitch Orbelian o Syunik's palace, muived frae Yeghegis tae Areni throu that time. Ruins o a 13t century brig biggit bi Bishop Sarkis in 1265-1287 are ane kilometer northeast o the kirk. At the same location are the remains o an aulder brig.

Copper Age excavations[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2007, an Armenie-Erse team decidit tae dae test excavations in the cave steid o Areni 1. Twa test trenches in the front an rear galleries revealed Chalcolithic Age an Early Bronze Age layers datin back tae 5000-4000 BCE. Excavations in 2007-2008 uncovered 3 pot burials in the rear chamber o the cave. Ilka pot contained a Copper Age human skull wi nae associatit grave guids. Aw skulls belang sub-adults o 9–16 year auld. Thae are currently bein analysit bi the team's biological anthropologist. Remarkably, ane skull conteened a piece o a weel-preservit harn tissue. This is the auldest kent human harn frae the Auld Warld.

The cave haes affered surprisin new insichts intae the oreegins o modren ceevilizations an aw, lik evidence o a wine-makkin enterprise an an array o culturally diverse pottery. Excavations yieldit an extensive array o Copper Age airtifacts datin tae atween 6,200 an 5,900 year syne an aw. The new discoveries athin the cave muive early bronze-age cultural activity in Armeni back bi aboot 800 year. Additional discoveries at the site include metal knives, seeds frae mair nor 30 kins o fruit, remains o dozens o cereal species, rape, claith, strae, gress, reeds an dree'd grapes an prunes[1]

In Januar 2011 airchaeologists annooncit the discovery o the earliest kent winery, the Areni-1 winery, seiven month efter the warld's auldest leather shae, the Areni-1 shae, wis discovered in the same cave. The winery, which is ower sax-thoosan year auld, conteens a wine press, fermentation vats, jaurs, an cups. Airchaeologists foond grape seeds an vines o the species Vitis vinifera an aw. Patrick McGovern, a biomolecular anthropologist at the University of Pennsylvania, commentin on the importance o the find, said, "The fact that winemakkin wis awready sae weel developit in 4000 BC suggests that the technology likely gaes back hintle earlier." [2][3]

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. See Bower, Bruce (Monday, January 12, 2009). "Armenian cave yields ancient human brain" (in (in Inglis)). Unknown parameter |curly= ignored (help); Cite has empty unkent parameter: |coauthors= (help); More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help); Check |authorlink= value (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  2. "'Oldest known wine-making facility' found in Armenia". BBC. 11 Januar 2011. Retrieved 11 Januar 2011.
  3. Maugh II, Thomas H. (11 Januar 2011). "Ancient winery found in Armenia". Los Angeles Times.