Stairved paisants on a street in Kharkiv, 1933
|Location||Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic|
|Tot daiths||2.4 million to 7.5 million|
|Relief||Foreign relief rejectit bi the State. Respectively 176,200 an 325,000 tons o grains providit bi the State as fuid an seed aids atween Februar an Julie 1933.|
The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомо́р)[lower-alpha 1] wis a man-made faimin in Soviet Ukraine in 1932 an 1933 that killed an offeecially estimatit 7 million tae 10 million fowk (ither estimates range as law as 2.5 million). It wis pairt o the wider Soviet faimin o 1932–33, which affectit the major grain-producin auries o the kintra.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
- An aa kent as "Extermination bi hunger" or "Hunger-extermination"; derived frae морити голодом, "to kill by starvation"), an aa kent as the Terror-Faimin an Faimin-Genocide in Ukraine, an—afore the widespread uise o the term "Holodomor," as well as currently still—referred tae an aa as the Great Faimin, and The Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–33
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Davies & Wheatcroft 2010, pp. 479–484.
- Jones, Adam (2010). Genocide: A Comprehensive Introduction. Taylor & Francis. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-415-48618-7.
- Andrea Graziosi, "Les Famines Soviétiques de 1931–1933 et le Holodomor Ukrainien.", Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique, 46/3, p. 457
- Nicolas Werth, "La grande famine ukrainienne de 1932–1933" in Nicolas Werth, La terreur et le désarroi: Staline et son système, Paris, 2007, p. 132. ISBN 2-262-02462-6
- Graziosi, Andrea (2005). LES FAMINES SOVIÉTIQUES DE 1931–1933 ET LE HOLODOMOR UKRAINIEN. Cahier du Monde Russe. p. 464.
- Davies 2006, p. 145.
- Baumeister 1999, p. 179.
- Sternberg & Sternberg 2008, p. 67.
- Boriak, Hennadii. Sources for the Study of the << Great Famine>> in Ukraine (Cambridge, Mass 2009)
- "Ukrainian Genocide of 1932–1933". Ukrainian Genocide Famine Foundation – USA, Inc. Retrieved 22 November 2016.
- "Joint statement by the delegations of Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Canada, Egypt, Georgia, Guatemala, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Nauru, Pakistan, Qatar, the Republic of Moldova, the Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, the Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Ukraine, the United Arab Emirates and the United States of America on the seventieth anniversary of the Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine (Holodomor) to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General" (PDF). Retrieved 11 March 2017.
In the former Soviet Union millions of men, women and children fell victims to the cruel actions and policies of the totalitarian regime. The Great Famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine (Holodomor), which took from 7 million to 10 million innocent lives and became a national tragedy for the Ukrainian people. ... as a result of civil war and forced collectivization, leaving deep scars in the consciousness of future generations. ... we deplore the acts and policies that brought about mass starvation and death of millions of people. We do not want to settle scores with the past, it could not be changed, but we are convinced that exposing violations of human rights, preserving historical records and restoring the dignity of victims through acknowledgement of their suffering, will guide future societies and help to avoid similar catastrophes in the future. ...