Geneva

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Geneva
Genève  (French)
A view ower Geneva an the loch
A view ower Geneva an the loch
Coat o airms o Geneva Genève  (French)
Coat o airms
Location o Geneva
Genève  (French)
Geneva Genève  (French) is locatit in Swisserland
Geneva Genève  (French)
Geneva
Genève  (French)
Geneva Genève  (French) is locatit in Canton o Geneva
Geneva Genève  (French)
Geneva
Genève  (French)
Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46.200°N 6.150°E / 46.200; 6.150Coordinates: 46°12′N 6°09′E / 46.200°N 6.150°E / 46.200; 6.150
KintraSwisserland
CantonGeneva
DestrictN/A
Govrenment
 • ExecutiveConseil administratif
with 5 members
 • MayorLa Mairie (list)
Sandrine Salerno SPS/PSS
(as of June 2019)
 • PairlamentConseil municipal
with 80 members
Area
 • Total15.92 km2 (6.15 sq mi)
Elevation
(Pont du Mont Blanc)
375 m (1,230 ft)
Highest elevation
(Chemin du Pommier)
457 m (1,499 ft)
Lawest elevation
(Le Rhône)
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Tot201,741
 • Density13,000/km2 (33,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Genevan or Genevese
French: Genevois(e)
Postal code
1200, or 1201–09 Genève, 1213 Petit-Lancy, 1227 Les Acacias[3]
SFOS nummer6621
Surroondit biCarouge, Chêne-Bougeries, Cologny, Lancy, Grand-Saconnex, Pregny-Chambésy, Vernier, Veyrier
Wabsteidville-geneve.ch
SFSO statistics

Geneva (Arpitan: Genèva, IPA: [ˈd͡zənɛva]; French: Genève, IPA: [ʒənɛv]; German: Genf, IPA: [ˈɡɛnf] ( listen); Italian: Ginevra; Romansh: Genevra) is the seicont-maist-populous ceety in Swisserland (efter Zurich) an is the maist populous ceety o Romandie (the French-speakin pairt o Swisserland). Situatit whaur the Rhône River exits Lake Geneva (in French an aa kent as Lac Léman), it is the caipital o the Republic an Canton o Geneva. While the municipality itsel (ceety centre ville de Genève) haes a population o 191,415 (2010), the canton o Geneva (République et Canton de Genève, which includes the ceety) haes 457,628 residents (2009).[4] The agglomeration haes 1,240,000[5] residents but the Greater Geneva agglomeration (Geneva-Bern aurie) haes got 2,800,000[6] residents.

Geneva is a global ceety, a financial centre, an a warldwide centre for diplomacy an the maist important internaitional co-operation centre wi New York acause o the presence o numerous internaitional organisations, includin the heidquarters o mony o the agencies o the Unitit Naitions[7] an the Reid Cross.[8] It is an aa the place whaur the Geneva Conventions wur signed, which chiefly concern the treatment o wartime non-combatants an preesoners o war.

Geneva haes been describit as the third European financial centre efter Lunnon an Zurich,[9] an the warld's aicht maist important financial centre bi the Global Financial Centres Index, aheid o Frankfurt an Sydney,[10] an a 2009 survey bi Mercer foond Geneva tae hae the third-heichest quality o life o ony ceety in the warld (narrowly ootranked bi Zurich).[11] The ceety haes been referred tae as the warld's maist compact metropolis an the "Peace Caipital".[12] In 2009, Geneva wis ranked as the fowert maist expensive ceety in the warld.[13]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Geneva is probably o Celtic oreegin. The ceety wis mentioned in Laitin texts wi the spellin Genava. The name takes various forms in modren leids. Thus, it is Geneva in Inglis an pronounced /dʒɨˈniːvə/ (deprecatit template), French: Genève [ʒənɛv], German: Genf [ˈɡɛnf] ( listen), Italian: Ginevra [dʒiˈneːvra], an Romansh: Genevra. Anither theory is that Geneva is derived frae "Genévrier" which is the French wird for "juniper".

Thare is occasionally confusion atween this ceety an the Italian port o Genoa (in Italian Genova) as thay seem tae share a Celtic root, genu / genawa, meanin "estuary."

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is dividit intae aicht quartiers, or destricts, whiles componed o several neighborhuids. On the Left Bank are (1) Jonction, (2) Centre. Plainpalais, an Acacias, (3) Eaux-Vives, an (4) Champel, while the Right Bank includes (1) Saint-Jean an Charmilles, (2) Servette an Petit-Saconnex, (3) Grottes an Saint-Gervais, an (4) Paquis an Nations.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Retrieved 13 Januar 2019.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". 9 Apryle 2019. Retrieved 11 Apryle 2019.  Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)
  3. "40 – Le Léman" (Map). The municipality of Geneva and its ZIP-Codes (2011 ed.). 1:100 000. National Map 1:100'000. Wabern, Switzerland: Federal Office of Topography – swisstopo. 2009. ISBN 978-3-302-00040-4. Retrieved 2019-02-11 – via map.geo.admin.ch. 
  4. [1]
  5. Office fédéral du développement territorial ARE, DETEC, Etude thématique A1: l'évolution des villes et des agglomérations suisses, 19 décembre 2006
  6. [2]
  7. Paul Hofmann (1990-06-24). "Staying on the Safe Side; Geneva". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  8. Finn-Olaf Jones (2007-09-16). "36 Hours in Geneva". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 2008-02-02. 
  9. The City of London, ed. (March 2009). "The Global Financial Centres 5" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 2009-10-07. 
  10. Mark Yeandle, Jeremy Horne, Nick Danev (September 2008). "The Global Financial Centres Index 4" (PDF). Z/Yen Group. City of London. Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2009-01-17. 
  11. Mercer's 2009 Quality of Living survey highlights [3]. Last updated 28 April 2009.
  12. "MySwitzerland.com". MySwitzerland.com. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  13. "Cost of Living survey 2010 - City rankings". Mercer.com. 2010-06-29. Retrieved 2010-07-03. 
  14. "Districts of Geneva". Official website of Geneva. Archived frae the oreeginal on January 13, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-09. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Offeecial

Template:Municipalities o the Canton o Geneva Template:Cantonal caipitals o Swisserland Template:Ceeties in Swisserland