|Born||c. 460 BC|
|Died||c. 370 BC (aged aroond 90)|
Democritus (//; Greek: Δημόκριτος Dēmókritos, meanin "chosen o the fowk"; c. 460 – c. 370 BC) wis an influential Auncient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered the day for his formulation o an atomic theory o the universe.
Democritus wis born in Abdera, Thrace, aroond 460 BC, awtho thare are disgreements about the exact year. His exact contreibutions are difficult tae disentangle frae thae o his mentor Leucippus, as thay are eften mentioned thegither in texts. Thair speculation on atoms, taken frae Leucippus, beirs a passin an pairtial resemblance tae the 19t-century unnerstaundin o atomic structur that haes led some tae regaird Democritus as mair o a scientist nor ither Greek philosophers; houiver, thair ideas restit on verra different bases. Lairgely ignored in auncient Athens, Democritus is said tae hae been disliked sae muckle bi Plato that the latter wished aw o his beuks birned. He wis nivertheless weel kent tae his fellae northren-born philosopher Aristotle. Mony conseder Democritus tae be the "faither o modren science". Nane o his writins hae survived; anerly fragments are kent from his vast bouk o wark.
Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- DK 68 B118.
- DK 59 A80: Aristotle, Meteorologica 342b.
- Barnes (1987).
- Russell, pp. 64–65.
- Stephen Toulmin and June Goodfield, The Architecture of Matter (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962), 56.
- Diogenes Laërtius, Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers, ix. 40: "Aristoxenus in his Historical Notes affirms that Plato wished to burn all the writings of Democritus that he could collect".
- Pamela Gossin, Encyclopedia of Literature and Science, 2002.
- Democritus at Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy