Dedovichsky Destrict

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Dedovichsky Destrict
Дедовичский район (Roushie)
Location of Dedovichsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location o Dedovichsky Destrict in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°33′N 29°57′E / 57.550°N 29.950°E / 57.550; 29.950Coordinates: 57°33′N 29°57′E / 57.550°N 29.950°E / 57.550; 29.950
Coat of Arms of Dedovichi rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Coat o airms
Location
KintraRoushie
Federal subjectPskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as o April 2011)
Admeenistrative centrewirk dounsetDedovichi[2]
Inhabitit localities:[2]
Urban-teep settlements[3]1
Rural localities332
Municipal structure (as o April 2011)
Municipally incorporatit asDedovichsky Municipal Destrict[2]
Municipal diveesions:[2]
Urban settlements1
Rural settlements5
Stateestics
Aurie2,188 km2 (845 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census)14,692 inhabitants[5]
• Urban59.9%
• Rural40.1%
Density6.71/km2 (17.4/sq mi)[6]
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Offeecial wabsteid
Dedovichsky Destrict on WikiCommons

Dedovichsky Destrict (Roushie: Де́довичский райо́н) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[2] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-fower in Pskov Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the east o the oblast an borders wi Dnovsky Destrict in the north, Volotovsky Destrict o Novgorod Oblast in the northeast, Poddorsky Destrict, o Novgorod Oblast an aw, in the east, Bezhanitsky Destrict in the sooth, Novorzhevsky Destrict in the soothwast, an wi Porkhovsky Destrict in the wast. The aurie o the destrict is 2,188 square kilometers (845 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative center is the urban locality (a wirk dounset) o Dedovichi.[2] Population: 14,692 (2010 Census);[5] 17,881 (2002 Census);[8] 18,948 (1989 Census).[9] The population o Dedovichi accoonts for 59.9% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amaist the whole aurie o the destrict lees in the basin o the Shelon River an thus o the Neva River an o the Easter Seas. The Shelon crosses the destrict, enterin it frae the northeast, flowin soothwast, an then makkin a turn tae the northwast. The principal tributar o the Shelon athin the destrict is the Sudoma (left). Minor auries in the soothwast o the destrict are in the basin o the Sorot River, a tributar o the Velikaya River, an thus in the basin o the Narva River. Thare are mony lochs in the wast o the destrict, the biggest o which are Lochs Ivankovskoye, Gorodnovskoye, Uzskoye, Lokno, Glubokoye, Naverezhskoye (the source o the Sudoma), an Sevo.

Forests cover 32.8% o the destrict's territory. The wastren pairt o the destrict is occupee'd bi humid spruce firths, while in the eastren pairt dry forests, such as spruce an pine, dominate. 7.7% o the destrict's territory is occupeee'd bi bush. Swamps are common in the sooth an the sootheast.[10]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie wis first mentioned in the chronicles in relation tae the events o 1021, when the airmy o the Kievan prince Yaroslav the Wise defeatit the troops o the prince o Polotsk, Bryachislav of Polotsk, at the Sudoma River. Subsequently, the aurie went unner control o the Novgorod Republic. A prominent fortress o the time, locatit on the Shelon, wis Vyshgorod. Later, the aurie wis annexed bi the Grand Duchy o Moscow. It wis a pairt o Shelonskaya Pyatina, ane o the five pyatinas intae which Novgorod land wur dividit.[11] In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Ingermanland Govrenorate (kent syne 1710 as Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Govrenorate wis split aff, an in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which atween 1777 an 1796 existit as Pskov Viceryalty) wis established. In 1776, Porkhovsky Uyezd wis transferred frae Novgorod Govrenorate tae Pskov Govrenorate. The aurie wis a pairt o Porkhovsky Uyezd.

On 1 August 1927, the uyezds wur abolished, an Dedovichsky Destrict wis established, wi the admeenistrative center in the dounset o Dedovichi. It includit pairts o umwhile Porkhovsky Uyezd. The govrenorates wur abolished as well, an the destrict became a pairt o Pskov Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. On 23 Julie 1930, the okrugs wur abolished an aw, an the destricts wur directly subordinatit tae the oblast. Between August 1941 and February 1944, Dedovichsky Destrict wis occupee'd bi German troops. It wis a aurie whaur intense pairtisan operations wur takin place; in pairticular, the pairtisans wur even operatin a airfield. On 23 August 1944, the destrict wis transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[12]

On 1 August 1927, Chikhachyovsky Destrict wis established as well, with the admeenistrative center in the selo o Chikhachyovo. It includit pairts o umwhile Novorzhevsky an Porkhovsky Uyezds. The destrict wis a pairt o Pskov Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. On 1 Januar 1932, the destrict wis abolished an split atween Dedovichsky an Bezhanitsky Destricts.[13]

Anither destrict established on 1 August 1927 was Belebyolkovsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative center in the selo o Belebyolka. It wis a pairt o Novgorod Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. On 20 September 1931, Belebyolkovsky Destrict wis abolished an mergit intae Poddorsky Destrict. On 11 Mairch 1941, the destrict wis re-established, an its territory includit pairts o Poddorsky an Dedovichsky Destricts. Atween August 1941 an Februar 1944, the destrict wis occupee'd bi German troops. On 5 Julie 1944, Belebyolkovsky Destrict wis transferred tae newly established Novgorod Oblast.[14] On 22 Julie 1961, Belebyolkovsky Destrict wis abolished an mergit intae Poddorsky Destrict.[15]

On 3 August 1939, Pozherevitsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative center in the veelage o Pozherevitsy wis established. It includit auries umwhile belangin tae Dedovichsky Destrict. Atween August 1941 an Februar 1944, the destrict wis occupee'd bi German troops. On 23 August 1944, the destrict wis transferred tae newly established Pskov Oblast.[16] In 1958, the destrict wis abolished an split atween Dedovichsky an Ashevsky Destricts.[17]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industry[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the destrict, thare are a linum factory,[18] a plant producin pipes,[19] enterprises o fuid industry, as well as the Pskov pouer station.[4]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main agricultural specializations athin the destrict are cattle breedin wi meat an milk production, an hay an crops growin.[20]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The railwey connectin St. Petersburg an Vitebsk crosses the destrict frae north tae sooth. Dedovichi is the maist important railwey station in the destrict.

Dedovichi is connectit bi road wi Porkhov, Dno, an Bezhanitsy. Thare are local roads wi bus traffec oreeginatin frae Dedovichi an aw.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict conteens sax cultural heritage monuments o federal significance an addeetionally saxty objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local significance.[21] The federally protectit monuments are aircheological steids.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #833-oz
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Law #420-oz
  3. The coont o urban-teep settlements mey include the wirk settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as weel as urban-teep settlements proper.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 О районе (in Roushie). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 2, 2012. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 Aw-Roushie Population Census) (in Roushie). Federal State Stateestics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value o density wis calculatit automatically bi dividin the 2010 Census population bi the aurie specifee'd in the infobox. Please note that this vailyie is anly approximate as the aurie specifee'd in the infobox daes nae necessarily correspond tae the aurie o the entity proper or is reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Govrenment o the Roushie Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of Juin 31, 2011 On Calculatin Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of Julie 03, 2016 On Amendin Federal Law "On Calculatin Time". Effective as of efter saxty days follaein the day o the offeecial publication.).
  8. Roushie Federal State Stateestics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population o Roushie, Its Federal Destricts, Federal Subjects, Destricts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Admeenistrative Centres, an Rural Localities wi Population o Ower 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [Aw-Roushie Population Census o 2002] (in Roushie). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [Aw Union Population Census o 1989: Present Population o Union an Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts an Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Destricts, Urban Settlements, an Veelages Servin as Destrict Admeenistrative Centres]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [Aw-Union Population Census o 1989] (in Roushie). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute o Demografie at the Naitional Resairch Varsity: Heicher Schuil o Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. Географическая характеристика (in Roushie). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  11. История Дедовичского района (in Roushie). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  12. Дедовичский район (авг. 1927 - авг. 1944) (in Roushie). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  13. Чихачёвский район (авг. 1927 г. – янв. 1932 г.) (in Roushie). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  14. Snytko et al., p. 95
  15. Snytko et al., p. 157
  16. Пожеревицский район (авг. 1939 - авг. 1944) (in Roushie). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Retrieved June 21, 2012. 
  17. Лобачёв, А. И. (2007). Пожеревицкий район. Псковская энциклопедия (in Roushie). Псковское региональное общественное учреждение — издательство "Псковская энциклопедия". Retrieved July 8, 2012. 
  18. Дедовичский льнозавод (in Roushie). B2B-Navigator.ru. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  19. Дедовичский промкомбинат (in Roushie). B2B-Navigator.ru. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  20. Сельское хозяйство (in Roushie). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 6, 2012. 
  21. Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Roushie). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 8, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1251-ОЗ от 7 февраля 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 24 Закона Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41-43, №44-46, №49-51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1251-oz of February 7, 2013 On Amending Article 24 of the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (PDF) (in Roushie). Saint Petersburg. Retrieved June 18, 2012.