Braunau am Inn

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Braunau am Inn
Braunau town centre
Braunau town centre
Coat of airms o Braunau am Inn
Coat airms
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Coordinates: 48°15′30″N 13°2′6″E / 48.25833°N 13.03500°E / 48.25833; 13.03500Coordinates: 48°15′30″N 13°2′6″E / 48.25833°N 13.03500°E / 48.25833; 13.03500
KintraAustrick
StateUpper Austrick
DestrictBraunau am Inn
Govrenment
 • MayorJohannes Waidbacher (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total24.84 km2 (9.59 sq mi)
Elevation
352 m (1,155 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total17,095
 • Density690/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
5280, 5282A
Aurie code07722
Vehicle registrationBR
Websitewww.braunau.at

Braunau am Inn (Inglis: Braunau on the Inn) is a ceety in the Innviertel region o Upper Austrick (Oberösterreich), the north-wastren state o Austrick. It lies aboot 90 km wast o Linz an aboot 60 km north o Salzburg, on the mairch wi the German state o Bavarie. The population in 2001 wis 16,372. A port o entry, it is connectit bi brigs ower the Inn River wi its Bavarie coonterpairt, Simbach am Inn. It is well-kent as the birthplace o Adolf Hitler.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceety centre o Braunau am Inn

The toun wis first mentioned aroond 810 an received the ceety statute in 1260, which maks it ane o the auldest ceeties in Austrick. It became a fortress ceety an important tradin route junction, dealin wi the salt tred an wi ship traffeck on the River Inn.

Throughoot its history it chyngit haunds fower times. It wis Bavarie till 1779 an became an Austrian toun unner the terms o the Treaty o Teschen, which settled the War o the Bavarian Succession. As a major Bavarian ceety, the toun played an ootstaundin role in the Bavarian uprisin against the Austrian occupation durin the War o the Spainyie Succession, when it hostit the Braunau Parliament, a proveesional Bavarie Parliament in 1705 heidit bi Georg Sebastian Plinganser. Unner the terms o the Treaty o Pressburg, Braunau became Bavarie again in 1809. In 1816, durin reorganization o Europe Efter the Napoleonic Wars, Bavarie cedit the toun tae Austrick an wis compensatit bi the gain o Aschaffenburg. Braunau haes been an Austrian ceety iver syne.

Braunau haes a remarkable 15t-centur kirk wi a 99m-heich spire, the third heichest in Austrick. Its patron saunt is St. Stephen. The remains o a castle hoose a museum an pairts o the umwhile toun waws can still be seen. Anither museum is hoosed in refurbished 18t century public baths.

Adolf Hitler wis born in Braunau am Inn on 20 Aprile 1889. He an his faimily left Braunau an muivit tae Passau in 1892. In 1989 the auld mayor Gerhard Skiba teuk the initiative an placed a memorial stane commemoratin the victims o Warld War II in front o the building in which Hitler wis born. The stone is made o granite frae the Mauthausen concentration camp. It states, Für Frieden, Freiheit und Demokratie. Nie wieder Faschismus. Millionen Tote mahnen, or "For peace, freedom an democracy; millions o deid urge: niver again fascism." It is aften vandalized bi members o neo-Nazi groups. In 2011, the toun cooncil revoked the honorary citizenship that haed been awardit tae Hitler in 1933.[3]

Ootside the biggin in Braunau am Inn, Austrick, whaur Adolf Hitler wis born is a memorial stane remindin futur generations tae remember the past. The inscription reads: "For peace freedom / an democracy / niver again fascism / millions o deid remind [us]" The stane is frae the quarry at the Mauthausen concentration camp.

In 1938, Ranshofen, which at that time haed ane o Austrick's lairgest aluminium plants, wis annexed tae Braunau.

In 1948 Braunau haed a population o 11,744.

Braunau haes a full range o industries includin electronics, metal (AMAG), woodwirkin, an glass. The toun an aa haes the lairgest aluminium wirks in Austrick.

Efter twa successfu saisons, the local fitbaa team, SV Braunau, reached the Austrian 1st Diveesion afore suddent going bankrupt in 2000. The team wis refoondit as FC Braunau.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Retrieved 10 Mairch 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Retrieved 9 Mairch 2019.
  3. "Hitler's birthplace strips Fuehrer of honorary citizenship". Toronto Star. 8 Julie 2011. Retrieved 8 Julie 2011.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Ceeties an touns in Braunau am Inn (destrict)