Bobcat

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For ither uises, see Bobcat (disambiguation).
Bobcat[1]
Bobcat2.jpg
Scienteefic clessification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Genus: Lynx
Species: L. rufus
Binomial name
Lynx rufus
(Schreber, 1777)
Bobcat Lynx rufus distribution map.png
Bobcat range[2]
Synonyms

Felis rufus Schreber

The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American cat that appeared durin the Irvingtonian stage o aroond 1.8 million years ago (AEO).[3] Containing 12 recognisit subspecies, it ranges frae soothren Canadae tae central Mexico, includin maist o the contiguous Unitit States. The bobcat is a adaptable predator that inhabits firthit auries, as well as semidesert, urban edge, forest edge, an swampland environs. It remains in some o its oreeginal range, but populations are vulnerable tae local extinction ("extirpation") bi coyotes an domestic ainimals. Wi a grey tae broun coat, whiskered face, an black-tuftit ears, the bobcat resembles the ither species o the midsized Lynx genus. It is smawer on average than the Canadae lynx, wi which it shares pairts o its range, but is aboot twice as large as the domestic cat. It haes distinctive black bars on its forelegs an a black-tippit, stubby tail, frae which it derives its name.

Tho the bobcat prefers rabbits an hares, it hunts insects, chickens, geese an ither birds, smaw rodents, an deer. Prey selection depends on location an habitat, saison, an abundance. Like maist cats, the bobcat is territorial an lairgely solitar, awtho wi some owerlap in hame ranges. It uises several methods tae mark its territorial boondars, includin claw marks an deposits o urine or feces. The bobcat breeds frae winter intae ware an haes a gestation period o aboot twa months.

Awtho bobcats hae been huntit extensively bi humans, baith for sport an fur, their population haes pruiven resilient tho declinin in some auries. The elusive predator featurs in Native American meethologie an the fowklear o European settlers.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 542. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kelly, M., Morin, D. & Lopez-Gonzalez, C.A. (2016). Lynx rufus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  3. Paleobiology Database, collection 20397 Doña Ana Coonty, New Mexico. Authorisit an entered bi Dr. John Alroy, Macquarie University, April 30, 1994.

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