Barraba

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Barraba
New Sooth Wales
Queen Street Barraba NSW..jpg
Queen Street
Barraba is locatit in Australia
Barraba
Barraba
Coordinates 30°22′42″S 150°36′38″E / 30.37833°S 150.61056°E / -30.37833; 150.61056Coordinates: 30°22′42″S 150°36′38″E / 30.37833°S 150.61056°E / -30.37833; 150.61056
Population 1,410 (2016)[1]
Established 1850's
Elevation 500 m (1,640 ft)
Time zone AEST (UTC+10)
 • Simmer (DST) AEDT (UTC+11)
Location
  • 477 km (296 mi) NW of Sydney
  • 548 km (341 mi) SW of Brisbane
  • 694 km (431 mi) N of Canberra
  • 1,180 km (733 mi) NE of Melbourne
  • 90 km (56 mi) N of Tamworth
LGA(s) Tamworth Regional Cooncil
State electorate(s) Darling
Federal Diveesion(s) New England
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfaw
24.4 °C
76 °F
8.3 °C
47 °F
688.7 mm
27.1 in

Barraba is a veelage in the New Ingland region o New Sooth Wales, Australie. The veelage wis former the main veelage o Barraba Shire, hooivver in 1994 baith the veelage an maist o the shire wis mellt intae the Tamworth Regional Cooncil. Barraba is in the Bundarra-Barraba Important Bird Area that hains the habitat o the rare bird Regent Honeyeater (Anthochaera phrygia).

Barraba is 296 mile (477 km) northwest fae Sydney, 341 mile (548 km) soothwest fae Brisbane, an 56 mile (90 km) north fae Tamworth that is the nearest ceety. The Manilla River flows aside the veelage. Barraba is on the Fossickers Way tourist road an the veelage is in the Nandewar Muntains.


Regent Honeyeater (Anthochaera phrygia)

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aboriginal Kamileroi fowk bide’t in the destrict afore the comin of the Europeans.[2] The first European intae the destrict wis the explorer an botanist Allan Cunningham, that arrived there in 1827.[3] The first ferm in the destrict, Barraba Station, wis establisht in aither 1837 or 1838.[2][4] The site o the veelage wis mettit in 1852.[5]

Throu the 1850’s the diskivery o gowd helpit the wee veelage tae growe.[5] The first post office wis appent in 1856[6] an the first scuil wis appent in 1861.[2] The first Anglican kirk wis biggit in 1876[4] an the first baunk was appent in 1876 forby.[4] The first hottle, the Commercial Hotel, wis biggit in 1878[4] an the coorthoose wis biggit in 1881[4]. Barraba wis proclaimt offeicial tae be a veelage in 1885.[4][5] The infirmary wis biggit in 1891[4] an the Methodist kirk wis biggit in 1898.[4]

The local newspaper, the Barraba Gazette, begoud publishin in 1901.[4] The Catholic kirk wis biggit in 1906.[4] The railwey cam tae Barraba in 1908,[7] hooivver the lest train run tae Barraba in 1983, an the railwey wis closed in 1987.[8] The Connors Creek Dam wis biggit in 1933 sae as tae impruive the supply o watter tae the veelage.[4]


Allan Cunningham

Minin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Capper[eedit | eedit soorce]

Capper wis diskivert at Gulf Creek in 1889 an the first mine wis establisht in 1892. Gulf Creek is 14 mile (22 km) northeast fae Barraba. A wee veelage wis establisht forby, that hid a hottle, a scuil, an a post office.[2] The mine wis the mucklest capper mine in New Sooth Wales in 1901 an the wee veelage hid 300 residenters,[9] hooivver the mine wis closed in the 1930’s. The post office wis appent in 1897 bit it wis closed in 1966.[6] The wee veelage wis abandont.


Capper

Asbestos[eedit | eedit soorce]

Asbestos wis mine’t fae 1919 till 1983 at Woodsreef that is 10 mile (15 km) east fae Barraba. The mine wis eikit in 1974. The mine produce’t 500,000 ton o white asbestos.

The abandont mine left ahint 75,000,000 ton o waste rock an 25,000,000 ton o asbestos. The abestos heap kivers 107 acre (43 ha) an it is up till 230 fit (70 m) hiech.[10]

A televeision-report in 2008 descrived the growin concern that the asbestos cud be a halth problem tae the residenters an the veesitors.[11] The Asbestos Diseases Foundation of Australia demandit that the mine site shid be restored tae its naitural state. The Foundation demandit forby that fowk shid nae be alloud tae enter the mine site. A public road corsed the mine site till the road wis closed in 2013. The wee veelage at Woodsreef wis abandont.

The Hunter-New England Health Service unnerteuk a clamant study aboot the halth eftercasts tae the community bit it his nae been publisht yet.[12]


Diatomaceous Erd[eedit | eedit soorce]

A mine o diatomaceous erd (diatomite) wis establisht in 1982.


Diatomaceous erd (diatomite)

Prospectin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pyrites, jasp, garnet, zeolite, an reid, broon, an yellae quartz is fun in the destrict. A bodie can find fossils forby.


Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Beef-cattle, Merino sheep, and wheat is fermt in the destrict.


Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Barraba experiences het an muithie simmers an the winters is cauld an dry. The heichest recordit temperatur is 41.8°C (107°F) an the lawest recordit temperatur is -9.4°C (15°F). The average yearly rainfaw is 688.7 mm (27 in) an the heichest recordit daily rainfaw is 194.3 mm (7.5 in) that fell on 25 Januar 1955.[13]

The Supply o Watter[eedit | eedit soorce]

Afore the biggin o the Split Rock Dam, the veelage got its watter fae the Manilla River, Barraba Creek, an fae Connors Creek Dam. Whan that soorces wis law, the veelage got its watter fae emergency bores.[14] [15]

The Split Rock Dam wis biggit in 1988 an a pipeline fae the dam till Barraba wis completed in 2015.


Split Rock Dam

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2016 Census QuickStats – Barraba (State Suburb)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 6 July 2018. Retrieved 18 August 2018. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Barraba". Sydney Morning Herald Traveller. 13 November 2008. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  3. "Barraba". Visit Tamworth. Tamworth Regional Council. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 "Barraba Dateline". Barraba NSW – The Community Website. Archived frae the oreeginal on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Boileau, Joanna (February 2007). "Thematic History of Nundle, Manilla and Barraba". Tamworth Regional Council. pp. 124–125. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Post Office History". Post Office List – NSW. Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 14 November 2011. 
  7. "THE BARRABA RAILWAY". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 22 September 1908. p. 7. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  8. Bozier, Rolfe. "Barraba Branch". NSWrail.net. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  9. "MINING IN NEW SOUTH WALES". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 29 July 1901. p. 8. Retrieved 15 November 2011. 
  10. Woodsreef Asbestos Mine Site Rehabilitation Private Members Statement, 29 August 2008. Archived Apryle 3, 2011[Date mismatch], at the Wayback Machine.
  11. Abandoned asbestos mine causes community outrage
  12. Woodsreef health report under wraps Archived Julie 6, 2011[Date mismatch], at the Wayback Machine.
  13. "Climate Statistics for Barraba Post Office". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 November 2011. 
  14. Barraba Water Supply Archived 28a de Junio, 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
  15. Barraba's water supply critical

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]