Bavarie leid

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Bavarie (German: Bairisch, autonym Boarisch) is a major group o Upper German varieties spoken in the sooth east o the German leid aurie.

History an oreegin[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Bavarie regiolect haes its oreegins in the Germanic tribe kent as the Bavarii, who establisht a tribal duchy, which covered muckle o wha is today Bavarie an some o Austrick in the early Middle Ages an wis eventually subdued bi Charlemagne. Housomeivver, they gradually migratit doun the Danube an intae the Alps tae aw those auries whaur Austro-Bavarian dialects are spoken. German linguists refer to this speech variety, a group o three East Upper German dialects, simply as "Bairisch" (Bavarie, athoot "Austro"). They are dividit intae "Oberpfälzisch" (Upper Palatinian, e.g. North Bavarie), "Donaubairisch" (Danube[ian] Bavarie, e.g. Central Bavarie) an "Alpenbairisch" (Alpine Bavarie, e.g. Sooth Bavarie).

These auries haed been provinces o the Roman Empire, an the leids o the population wur based on Laitin, but this leid wis replacit bi the Germanic dialects o the immigrants as the previous inhabitants wur assimilatit or forcit oot. This development contrasts wi that in the provinces o Gallie an Hispanie, whaur the Germanic leids o the conquerors o those territories wur able tae exert ae a limitit influence on the Romance dialects o the local populations.

In German, the vera auld wird "Bairisch", referrin tae the leid, is teepically differentiatit frae the 19t-century term "Bayerisch", which refers tae the state o Bavarie. Acause o Keeng Ludwig I's passion for aw things Hellenic, the German name for Bavarie the day is spelled "Bayern", uisin the Greek 'y', it reflects the growthe o Bavarie efter the Vienna Congress intae culturally non-Bavarie auries an aw, e.g. Franconie an Swabie, an the attempts tae integrate thaim intae the newly formit kinrick. The leid spoken thare haes retained its oreeginal Germanic spellin "Bairisch", uisin the Roman 'i'.