Aiplegarthtoun

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Applegarthtown
Applegarthtown is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Applegarthtown
Applegarthtown
Location within Dumfries an Gallowa
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Cooncil area
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Scotland
55°08′N 3°25′W / 55.14°N 03.41°W / 55.14; -03.41Coordinates: 55°08′N 3°25′W / 55.14°N 03.41°W / 55.14; -03.41
The white-pentit kirk at Aiplegarthtoun with the war memorial in the foregrund
Aiplegarthtoun Wildlife Bield
Aiplegarth Primary Schuil

Aiplegarthtoun (English: Applegarthtown), kent an aw as Aiplegarth or Aiplegirth) is a veelage near Lockerbie in Annandale, in this historical coonty o Dumfriesshire in Dumfries an Gallowa, Scotland.

Aiplegarthtoun is situatit on the east bank o the River Annan close tae its infaw wi the Nethercleugh Burn. It is 3.1 mile wast o Lockerbie.[1] the name is derived fae the Auld Norse leid an it means "aiple yaird" or "orchart". Keeng Edward I o England offert an oblation at a chaipel in the pairish on his wey tae Caerlaverock.[2]

Aiplegarth Primary Schuil lies acroos the A74(M) motorwey aboot 2 mile nor'nor'east o the veelage. The primary schuil wis foondit bi the Jardine faimily in the 19t century an wis replenisht an reappent in 1994.[1]

The Clan Jardine chiefs wis estaiblisht at Aiplegarth bi the 14t century.[3] Sir William Jardine, 7t Baronet wis a weel-kent naituralist an geologist.[4] The oreeginal seat o the Jardines o Aiplegarth wis at Spedlins Tour, biggit in the 15t century ower the site o a forgane tour that haed been the faimily seat syne the 12t century.[5] In the early 19t century the faimily seat wis muived across the River Annan tae Jardine Haw.[6]

The Aiplegairthtoun Wildlife Bield at nearby Dryfeholm wis estaiblisht in 1984 bi convertin a piece o law-producteevity agricultural laund intil a slump tae attract resident an migratory birds. An artifeecial saundbank wis creatit an aw an this ane wis colonised bi saundy mairtins. This haes alloued scientists tae study the breedin behaviour thir birds an haes providit an exemple that haes been replicatit elsewhaur.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Applegarthtown (Applegarth Town)". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2020.
  2. "Applegarth Parish". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2020.
  3. Way, George; Squire, Romily (1994). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor. The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). pp. 176–177.
  4. "The Late Sir William Jardine". Nature. 11 (34).
  5. "Spedlins Tower". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2020.
  6. "Jardine Hall". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2020.
  7. "Applegarthtown Wildlife Sanctuary". Visit Scotland. Retrieved 4 Mairch 2020.