Aiple trees are lairge if growed frae seed. Generally aiple cultivars are propagatit bi graftin ontae ruitstocks, which control the size o the resultin tree. There are mair nor 7,500 kent cultivars o apples, resultin in a range o desired chairactereestics. Different cultivars are bred for various tastes an uises, includin cuikin, eatin raw an cider production. Trees an fruit are prone tae a nummer o fungal, bacterial an pest problems, which can be controlled bi a nummer o organic an non-organic means. In 2010, the fruit's genome wis sequenced as pairt o resairch on disease control an selective breedin in aiple production.
Warldwide production o aiples in 2014 wis 84.6 million tonnes, wi Cheenae accoontin for 48% o the tot.