Kagoshima

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Kagoshima
鹿児島
Core ceety
鹿児島市 · Kagoshima Ceety
Frae top left: Kagoshima wi Sakurajima in backgrund, Statue o Saigō Takamori, Kagoshima Castle, Sengan-en, Statue o Ōkubo Toshimichi, Nicht view frae Mt. Shiroyama

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Seal
Location o Kagoshima in Kagoshima Prefectur
Kagoshima is located in Japan
Kagoshima
Kagoshima
 
Coordinates: 31°36′N 130°33′E / 31.600°N 130.550°E / 31.600; 130.550
Kintra Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefectur Kagoshima Prefectur
Government
 • Mayor Hiroyuki Mori
Area
 • Total 547.05 km2 (211.22 sq mi)
Population (1 Januar 2010)
 • Total 605,855
 • Density 1,107.49/km2 (2,868.4/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Camphor
- Flouer Kyōchikutō
Phone nummer 099-224-1111
Address 11-1 Yamashita-machi, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima-ken 892-8677
Website www.city.kagoshima.lg.jp

Kagoshima (鹿児島市 Kagoshima-shi?) is the caipital ceety o Kagoshima Prefectur at the soothwastren tip o the Kyūshū island o Japan, an the lairgest ceety in the prefectur bi some margin. It haes been nicknamed the "Naples o the Eastren warld" for its bay location (Aira Caldera), hot climate an impressive stratovolcano, Sakurajima.

As o 1 Januar 2010, the ceety haed an estimatit population o 605,855 an a density o 1,107.49 persons per km². The total aurie is 546.71 km². In 2003, the ceety haed an estimatit population o anerlie 554,136 an density o 1,911.41 persons per km². The total aurie wis 289.91 km².

The ceety's total aurie nearly doubled atween 2003 an 2005 as a result o five touns—the touns o Kōriyama an Matsumoto, baith frae Hioki Destrict, the toun o Kiire, frae Ibusuki Destrict, an the touns o Sakurajima an Yoshida, baith frae Kagoshima Destrict—mergin intae Kagoshima on 1 November 2004.

Kagoshima is approximately 40 minutes frae Kagoshima Airport, an the ceety features lairge shoppin destricts an maws, is served bi trams, an haes mony restaurants featurin Satsuma Province regional cuisine: kibi (a kynd o sma fish), tonkatsu (caramelized pork, as opposed tae the breadit version encoontered elsewhaur in Japan), smoked eel, an karukan (sweet cakes made frae steamed yams an rice flour). A lairge, modren aquarium haes been instased on the auld docks owerleukin the volcano. The Sengan-en (Isoteien) Japanese garden is juist ootside the ceety.

The St. Xavier kirk is a reminder o the first Christians who came tae Japan.

Ane o the best places tae see the ceety (an the active volcano athort the bay) is frae the Amuran Ferris wheel on top o Amu Plaza Kagoshima, the shoppin centre attached tae the main Kagoshima-Chūō Station.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kagoshima wis the center o the territory o the Shimazu clan o samurai for mony centuries. It wis a busy poleetical an commercial port ceety throughoot the medieval period an intae the Edo period (1603–1867) when it formally became the caipital o the Shimazu's fief, the Satsuma Domain. The offeecial emblem is designed Shimazu's kamon tae shape o the character "市"(shi, means "ceety"). Satsuma remained ane o the maist pouerful an walthiest domains in the kintra throughoot the period, an though internaitional trade wis banned for hintle o this period, the ceety remained quite active an prosperous. It served no anerlie as the poleetical center for Satsuma, but an aa for the semi-independent vassal kinrick o Ryūkyū; Ryukyuan traders an emissaries frequentit the ceety, an a special Ryukyuan embassy biggin wis established tae help admeenister relations atween the twa polities an tae hoose visitors an emissaries. Kagoshima wis an aw a significant center o Christian activity in Japan prior tae the imposition o bans against that releegion in the late 16t an early 17t centuries.

Map o the Bombardment o Kagoshima on 15 tae 18 August 1863

Kagoshima wis bombardit bi the Breetish Ryal Navy in 1863 tae punish the daimyō o Satsuma for the murther o Charles Lennox Richardson on the Tōkaidō heich-gate the previous year an its refusal tae pay an indemnity in compensation. (See 'Bombardment o Kagoshima').

Kagoshima wis the birthplace an scene o the last staund o Saigō Takamori, a legendary figure in Meiji Japan in 1877 at the end o the Satsuma Rebellion.

Japan's industrial revolution is said tae hae stairtit here, stimulatit bi the young students' train station. Seiventeen young men o Satsuma brak the Tokugawa ban on foreign travel, travelin first tae Ingland an then the Unitit States afore returnin tae share the benefits o the best o Wastren science an technology. A statue wis erectit ootside o the train station as a tribute tae them.

The ceety wis offeecially foondit on 1 Aprile 1889.

Kagoshima wis an aa the birthplace o Tōgō Heihachirō. Efter naval studies in Ingland atween 1871 an 1878, Togo's role as Chief Admiral o the Grand Fleet o the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Rousho-Japanese War made him a legend in Japanese military history, an earned him the nickname 'Nelson o the Orient' in Breetain. He led the Grand Fleet tae twa stairtlin victories in 1904 an 1905, completely destroyin Roushie as a naval pouer in the East, an therebi contributin tae the failed revolution in Roushie in 1905.

The ceety covered deep in ash efter the 1914 eruption o the Sakurajima volcano which is seen in the distance athort the bay

The 1914 eruption of the volcano across the bay from the city spread ash throughout the municipality, but relatively little disruption ensued.[1]

On August 6, 1993, a hivy torrential rain an debris landslide, follaein hit flood in aroond aurie, includin the Ryugamizu aurie, which 71 fowk wur killed in the disaster.

Shinkansen (bullet train) service opened on 13 Mairch 2004 atween Kagoshima-chūō an Shin-Yatsushiro.

Sadomitsu Sakoguchi, the renouned Japanese diplomat, revolutionized Kagoshima's environmental economic plan wi his dissertation on water pollution an orange harvestin.

The day, Kagoshima is hame tae a distinctive dialect o Japanese, differin frae the uisual Kyūshū dialects wi its pronunciations o the yotsugana.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kagoshima haes a humid subtropical climate, marked bi ceul, relatively dry winters, warm, wet springs, ho, wet simmers an mild, wet faws.

Climate data for Kagoshima, Japan (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 12.6
(54.7)
13.5
(56.3)
16.5
(61.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.5
(76.1)
27.2
(81.0)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
29.7
(85.5)
25.1
(77.2)
19.9
(67.8)
15.0
(59.0)
22.4
(72.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
9.3
(48.7)
12.1
(53.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.2
(68.4)
23.6
(74.5)
27.9
(82.2)
28.2
(82.8)
25.8
(78.4)
20.8
(69.4)
15.6
(60.1)
10.4
(50.7)
18.3
(64.9)
Average laich °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
5.4
(41.7)
8.0
(46.4)
12.6
(54.7)
16.7
(62.1)
20.6
(69.1)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
22.4
(72.3)
16.9
(62.4)
11.5
(52.7)
6.1
(43.0)
14.5
(58.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 79.4
(3.126)
104.9
(4.13)
180.7
(7.114)
227.7
(8.965)
232.2
(9.142)
442.9
(17.437)
313.5
(12.343)
224.4
(8.835)
227.4
(8.953)
104.6
(4.118)
73.8
(2.906)
67.5
(2.657)
2,279.0
(89.724)
Snawfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
humidity 65 66 69 71 71 78 76 76 73 70 69 69 71
Avg. snawy days 2.2 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 5.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 136.9 129.1 145.7 160.5 171.0 122.4 191.1 206.7 168.8 183.4 152.0 151.3 1,918.9
Source: [2]

Points o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tenmonkan G3

Festivals[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Kagoshima Ohara Festival is the maist famous festival in Kagoshima. It began in 1949 an is held annually on November 2 an 3. Amang the festivities is a public traditional dance held at the main street in the Tenmonkan aurie, drawing as mony as a thoosan dancers.

Neebourin municipalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kagoshima Ceety Haw

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Railways[eedit | eedit soorce]

All lines are operatit bi Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyūshū)

Tramway[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Kagoshima ceety tram Taniyama Line
  • Kagoshima ceety tram Korimoto Line

Heich-gates[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bus[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Kagoshima City Bus
  • Kagoshima Kotsu
  • Iwasaki Bus Network
  • Nangoku Kotsu
  • JR Kyushu bus
  • MTA Bus

Ferry/jetfoil[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Sakurajima Ferry
  • A Line (tae soothren islands)
  • Marix Line (tae soothren islands)
  • RKK Line (tae Okinawa, cargo anerlie)
  • Toppy (tae Tanegashima an Yakushima)
  • Seahawk (tae Koshikijima Islands)

Airport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kagoshima Airport in Kirishima (35 km NE o Kagoshima)

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kagoshima is sister ceeties wi:

an friendship ceeties wi

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Kagoshima", Illustrated London News. 24 January 1914.
  2. "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency. 
  • Amu Plaza Visitors Guide (2006) available in Amu Plaza, Chūō Station, Kagoshima, Japan

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Kagoshima