Himeji, Hyōgo

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Himeji
姫路
Core ceety
姫路市 · Himeji
Himeji Castle
Nada Fichtin Festival, Engyō-ji
Ceety view frae the Castle, Ieshima, Munt Seppiko

Flag
Location of Himeji in Hyōgo Prefectur
Himeji, Hyōgo is located in Japan
Himeji
Himeji
 
Coordinates: 34°49′N 134°41′E / 34.817°N 134.683°E / 34.817; 134.683
Kintra Japan
Region Kansai
Prefectur Hyōgo Prefectur
Government
 • Mayor Toshikatsu Iwami (syne Aprile 2003)
Population (April 1, 2011)
 • Total 535,945
 • Density 1,002.83/km2 (2,597.3/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Evergreen Oak
- Flouer Pecteilis radiata
- Bird White Heron
Phone number 079-221-2111
Address 4-1 Yasuda
670-8501
Website city.himeji.lg.jp

Himeji (姫路市 Himeji-shi?) is a ceety locatit in Hyōgo Prefectur in the Kansai region o Japan. As o Aprile 1, 2011, the ceety haes an estimatit population o 535,945, wi 206,409 hoosehaulds. The tot aurie is 534.43 km².

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Himeji haes been the center o Harima Province syne Nara period. Efter the Battle o Sekigahara, Ikeda Terumasa received a fief at Harima Province an established the Himeji Domain. He expandit the Himeji Castle an its castle toun.

Himeji wis the caipital o Himeji Prefectur (later Shikama Prefectur) syne 1871, but the prefectur wis merged intae Hyogo Prefectur in 1876. The ceety o Himeji wis municipalized on Aprile 1, 1889. Efter the 1923 Great Kantō yirdquauk, the Japanese govrenment reportedly considered movin the naition's caipital frae Tokyo tae Himeji.

On Mairch 27, 2006 the toun o Yasutomi, frae Shisō Destrict, the toun o Kōdera, frae Kanzaki Destrict, an the touns o Ieshima an Yumesaki, frae Shikama Destrict, wur merged intae Himeji.

Air Raid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin Warld War II, Himeji wis selected as a target bi the Unitit States' XXI Bomber Command acause it served as an important rail terminal an contained twa lairge militar zones. On Julie 3, 1945 at 4:23 PM (JST), 107 Aircraft teuk aff tae bomb Himeji. Durin the raid, 767 tons o incendiary bombs wur dropped on Himeji, destroyin 63.3% o the built up auries o the ceety.[1]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Himeji haes a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) wi het simmers an cuil winters. Simmers are significantly wetter than winters.

Climate data for Himeji
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
9.1
(48.4)
12.2
(54.0)
18.2
(64.8)
22.7
(72.9)
25.8
(78.4)
29.6
(85.3)
31.5
(88.7)
27.4
(81.3)
22.0
(71.6)
16.6
(61.9)
11.3
(52.3)
19.60
(67.28)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.1
(39.4)
7.0
(44.6)
12.9
(55.2)
17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
25.6
(78.1)
26.9
(80.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.5
(61.7)
10.9
(51.6)
5.7
(42.3)
14.58
(58.24)
Average laich °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
1.9
(35.4)
7.5
(45.5)
12.2
(54.0)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.1)
23.0
(73.4)
18.7
(65.7)
11.6
(52.9)
6.0
(42.8)
1.0
(33.8)
10.05
(50.09)
Precipitation mm (inches) 38.7
(1.524)
51.4
(2.024)
87.2
(3.433)
131.4
(5.173)
140.5
(5.531)
208.9
(8.224)
161.7
(6.366)
100.8
(3.969)
200.2
(7.882)
103.9
(4.091)
61.0
(2.402)
32.3
(1.272)
1,318
(51.89)
Snawfall cm (inches) 2
(0.8)
2
(0.8)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5
(2)
humidity 70 69 68 69 71 76 78 75 76 74 74 73 72.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.4 129.8 160.8 172.6 197.0 148.1 164.5 198.1 144.0 158.1 143.5 146.1 1,908
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [2]

Pynts o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oreeginally a castle toun, Himeji is home tae the Himeji Castle, a UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid. For ower 400 years, Himeji Castle haes remained intact, even throughout the extensive bombin o Himeji in Warld War II an naitural disasters such as the 1995 Great Hanshin yirdquauk an various typhoons.[3][4][5] Ither attractions include the Engyō-ji temple, Munt Seppiko, Himeji Central Pairk (a safari pairk), the Himeji Ceety Tegarayama Botanical Gairden an the Koko-en Gairden.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Himeji haes sister ceety relationships wi sax internaitional sister ceeties an twa Japanese cities, as well as a sister castle locatit in Fraunce.[6]

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Japan[eedit | eedit soorce]

Internaitional[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sister castle[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notable fowk frae Himeji[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://www.scribd.com/doc/61702152/21st-Bomber-Command-Tactical-Mission-Report-247-250-Ocr
  2. "Himeji Climate Normals 1961-1990". Naitional Oceanic an Atmospheric Admeenistration. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  3. "A hilltop white heron 400 years old". The Daily Yomiuri. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  4. "Himeji Castle starts its renovation in April". Official Tourism Guide for Japan Travel. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 
  5. "Himeji Castle". Japan Atlas. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  6. Sister Cities. City of Himeji. Retrieved August 24, 2008. (Japanese)
  7. "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Himeji, Hyōgo frae Wikivoyage